The basic idea of the developed bill is the introduction of the mixed bound election system and the creation of multi-member districts. The authors of the amendments also propose to revive the institution of the pledge.
MOSCOW, 12 Oct. Experts of Committee of civil initiatives (THD) Alexei Kudrin in conjunction with the office of the Deputy of the state Duma Dmitry Gudkov has developed amendments to the law on elections of deputies of the state Duma that envisage a transition to a mixed bound election system, the use of multi-member districts with single-member along, as well as the possibility of creating electoral blocs, the return of the Institute of public monitoring and the introduction of the electoral Deposit.
On Monday, the bill will present in CHY and discuss during the discussion with participation of experts and politicians. According to the Deputy Gudkov, the main idea of the bill is the introduction of the mixed bound election system and the system of multi-member districts on elections in the state Duma. The Deputy added that the development and discussion of this bill — the work aimed at the future.
“This discussion is not to criticize these elections, and to show what alternatives we suggest for the future. The timing of the bill’s introduction will depend on the outcome of discussions,” — said the Agency interlocutor.
According to him, the document contains a number of controversial issues, in particular relating to municipal filters. It is suggested that hooters will introduce legislation if it is decided to submit the document to the state Duma.
In turn, the expert of the OIG, one of the developers of the bill Andrey Maksimov said that along with the introduction of a mixed system associated document is proposed in some cases to use not only single-member, and multi-member electoral district. This will allow more mainstream positions of the majority of voters, but also various special interest groups, explained the Agency interlocutor.
“In this case, if this or that candidate, this or that group is very significant, popular inside of this or that subject of Federation, but no matter which of the territories is not the first and is second for example, it has all the chances to get the parliamentary mandate in the framework of this multi-member electoral districts”, — said the expert. He recalled that the same multi-member districts are used for example in municipal elections in Moscow, where this system worked well.
In addition, experts also suggest that many amendments related to various aspects of the electoral process, said Maksimov. “We offer all to enter electoral blocs, not only to consider parties as participants in the electoral process. We offer a return to public observation, the observers could be representatives not only of parties but also public organizations,” he said.
Also, the authors of amendments offer to revive the institution of the electoral Deposit and reduce some of the current barriers in the registration of candidates and party lists.
The idea of a transition from unconnected (parallel) mixed electoral system related to the CHY experts expressed even in 2013. As was explained in Committee, in the framework of the uncoupled system the results of elections in single-member constituencies and a single constituency are fed independently from each other. This, according to experts, can lead to a substantial gap between the share received by parties and the proportion of votes available to them the mandates, and to allow the leading party to get sorpresivamente by simultaneously winning in most constituencies.
According to the principles of the bound system mandates received and for a single district and single-member districts, determined by the share of votes received by the party for a single district by proportional distribution. The mandates in the first place get candidates winning in single-member districts, and in the second place candidate included in the party list for a single district, noted in the OIG.