The UN, on October 14. /Corr. Oleg Zelenin/. The world community must put an end to violence against women by terrorist organizations, including the “Islamic state” (IG). This was stated by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation at the world organization Vitaly Churkin, speaking at a debate in the UN Security Council on women and peace and security.
He noted that at present women have to face new and more serious threats. “In areas controlled by ISIL (“Islamic state of Iraq and the Levant” – the former name of the IG – ed.), “Dzhebhat EN – nusra”, Boko Haram and other terrorist organizations, they have increasingly become the victims of targeted violence, forced marriage, sexual slavery, human trafficking,” said the diplomat, adding that violence against women “is used as a means of intimidation of the local population, disrupt established social relations”.
“Certainly, the world community must put an end to this egregious situation, he said. – The issues of combating terrorism and coordinating efforts in this area should remain a priority in the work of the Security Council and other specialized UN bodies. Examination of related issues, including gender equality and the advancement of women, should be carried out within their respective mandates, so that not to reduce, but rather increase the efficiency of their work”. The diplomat stressed that to achieve the desired results is possible only through joint and coordinated efforts by all stakeholders “in strict compliance with international law”.
A new UN security Council resolution
The UN security Council on Tuesday unanimously approved resolution 2242, in which it decided to consider “issues relating to women, peace and security” when considering other issues in its agenda. The document is timed to the 15th anniversary of the adoption of resolution 1325, which established the theme “Women, peace and security” in the agenda of the Council.
Following the vote, Churkin said that the UN approval is intended “to outline the main guidelines for future efforts of member States and the UN system in such an important matter as the participation of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts”. At the same time, he did not agree with some of the wording in the resolution, in particular concerning the necessity of establishing an informal expert group on the issue of women, peace and security. “We believe that the creation of new structures is no guarantee of the effectiveness of the Council”, – said the diplomat.
According to him, Russia urged the security Council when considering the theme “Women, peace and security” to act within an existing “division of labour” within the UN system, “not duplicating or substituting powers of bodies such as the General Assembly, the Council for human rights, the Commission on the status of women”.
In Russia created conditions for women
Touching upon the situation in Russia, Churkin said that the country “has created the necessary conditions for the full potential of women”. “Russian women are active participants in public and political life,” he said.
According to the diplomat, 70% of civil servants in Russia are women. “Currently, women hold the posts of Chairman of the Federation Council, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma, Deputy Chairman of the government of the Russian Federation, the Minister of health, senior managers of Executive authorities of some regions”, – he has listed.
Churkin drew attention to the active participation of women in civil society in Russia. “Today, a third of our non – profit organizations and their tens of thousands – this women’s organizations, which spend much social and charitable work to support children, women, families, action against domestic violence, trafficking, sexual violence and other important social activities,” he said.
A debate with a record participation
In the debate in the security Council, chaired by the Prime Minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy, was attended by a record number of countries – 107. The opening remarks were made by UN Secretary-General ban Ki-moon, who urged more to protect women from violence and to involve them in peacekeeping.
“I have appointed five women as their special representatives in peacekeeping missions from Haiti to côte d’ivoire, Western Sahara to South Sudan and Cyprus. I also for the first time appointed a woman to head peacekeeping forces: major General Christine Lund of Norway became commander of the UN Interim force in Cyprus”, – he noted.