MOSCOW, October 15. The Deputy of the faction “Fair Russia” Dmitry Gudkov has submitted for consideration the lower chamber of Parliament their version of the bill on elections of deputies of the state Duma, which is an adaptation of the German model of the formation of the Supreme representative body of power. A copy of the document is available.
“The bill provides for the election of deputies of the state Duma on the basis of the associated mixed electoral system, whereby half of the MPs elected in single-mandate and multi-mandate constituencies, the other half is in the Federal electoral district, but to ensure the distribution of all 450 mandates in proportion to the number of votes cast for Federal lists of candidates”, – is spoken in the explanatory note.
According to Gudkov, this scheme is “an adaptation of the German model of the formation of the Supreme representative body of power and allows for the most equitable distribution of Deputy mandates in accordance with the results of will of voters”.
A key difference with the so-called mixed system is a “scheme of distribution of seats amongst parties not distributed 225 mandates, and all 450 except those that are due to selected candidates in order of nomination, and candidates nominated by political parties, lists of which are not admitted to distribution of Deputy mandates,” writes the MP. Specified elected candidates the seats shall be allocated in the first place, and further distribution is carried out from the remaining number of mandates stated in the accompanying materials.
Further mandates due to a political party are distributed among candidates elected in single-mandate and multi-mandate constituencies. “The remaining number of mandates obtained is distributed among the candidates in the composition of the list of this political party. In this case, if the number of candidates elected in single-mandate and multi-mandate constituency exceeds the number of mandates due to a political party for distribution by list, then this set is not allowed for distribution of mandates according to the lists and made appropriate recalculation of the mandates owed to the other parties admitted to the distribution”, – stated in the explanatory Memorandum.
According to the author, his initiative provides a “maximum representation of the population in the Parliament when the votes cast for candidates who failed to score their greatest number, will still be represented in the legislature”.
In the case of the adoption of the bill in the first reading of rings allows for “collective discussion of the possible introduction of conditions required for admission to the participating parties in parliamentary elections without collection of signatures, due to the emergence of a significant number of parties not involved in real political activity”.