MOSCOW, October 15. NAV 2015 may be one of the worst in the history of the inland water transport of Russia, reports “Kommersant” with reference to the President of the Russian chamber of shipping of Alexei Klavina. According to him, from the beginning of navigation on the integrated deepwater system of European part of Russia (the unified state system), which accounts for 70-75% of the volume of carriage of goods by inland water transport vessels operate with underrun 30-50%, while operating costs increased by about 20%. As a result, the cost of transportation nearly doubled.
“Due to insufficient depths of the ships do not go with a draft, which would bring the maximum possible amount of cargo, – he says. Therefore, the owner cannot maintain an adequate competitive level of freight rates. In the result, the load started to walk away from the river – on railway vehicle”. According to Mr. Klavina, a preliminary assessment of the losses of members of the house, including lost profits, amounts to 8 billion rubles from the beginning of navigation, but the figure still to be confirmed. According to the report of the Commission on transport and transport infrastructure of the RSPP, the total losses of shipping companies for the year may reach 20 billion roubles.
According to Alexey Klavina, to the traditional problem of insufficient depths in the Volga district, Nizhny Novgorod was added crisis in the Lower don area, caused by the shallowing of the Tsimlyansk reservoir. This situation leads to a drop in freight traffic for export. In the transportation of oil and petroleum products, sand, aggregates, fertilizers. Lack of water also negatively affected the transport of heavy equipment which was nothing but a river can’t be moved, the report of the RSPP.
Industry participants confirm the words Klavina. Normal river fleet outperforms alternative modes of transport in the order of 10-20%, say sources in the industry, but the further continuation of the current situation, this advantage will disappear. According to them, profitability becomes critical when loading 70-80% on oil freight and 60-70% in other. Sources confirm the fall of the river transportation of oil products this season. According to them, if in 2014 they reached 2 million tons in the best months, in 2015 a maximum of 1 million tonnes.
Beyond the Urals the situation is not so critical, but, according to the newspaper, the shallowing of rivers in the region also affected the download and dokhodnosti river transportation.
According to Mr. Klavina, there has already been significant fall in turnover rivermen. According to Rosstat, in January-June it decreased by 19.1%, i.e. decreases not only the tonnage but also the distance of transportation. Tonnage statistics of Rosstat does not show a sharp decline: in January-August the volume of traffic overall declined by only 2.9%. However, in the foreign communication of the more serious problems – a decline of 18.8%, due to the situation in the Lower don, as a considerable part of goods is exported via the Volga-don and Azov-don waterway.
According to the Federal state unitary enterprise “Center of Russian registry of hydrotechnical structures and state water cadastre” dry period will end no earlier than 2029. In the Ministry of transport explained that in 2014 we have started the design of low-pressure dams on the Volga, which will allow to solve the problem of insufficient depths of the Volga region of Nizhny Novgorod, also, the issue about building in the Lower don Bagayevskaya low-pressure water hydro-transport purposes. The Ministry hopes to lift restrictions on the Volga and don by 2020.