VIENNA, October 19. /Corr. Mikhail Shcherbakov/. Kiev unwilling to establish direct contact with Donetsk and Lugansk, as prescribed by the Minsk agreements. In an interview, said the Russia’s permanent representative to the OSCE Alexander Lukashevich.
“Ukrainians persistently prove that they had fulfilled all that relates to steps in the framework of the Minsk agreements, but not the main condition – there is no direct dialogue, and built on this entire philosophy document, he said. – Numerous offers of Donbass were ignored or simply rejected”.
THE MINSK AGREEMENT
On 12 February the negotiators of the Contact group in Minsk signed the previously agreed with the heads of the participating countries “channel four” document, providing for a ceasefire in the Donbass February 15. The negotiations “Norman Quartet” consisting of the presidents of Russia, Ukraine and France, as well as the German Chancellor continued in Minsk in various formats (in the narrow format with participation of members of delegations) from the evening of 11 February, a total of about 16 hours.
According to him, “there are attempts to pretend that Russia must fulfill some obligations to the “Minsk-2″, but they are completely utopian and does not correspond to the objectives under which there are signatures in the set of measures”. “We can’t afford for Ukraine to adopt the law on elections, nor in any constitutional reform. explains the diplomat. So absurd all these propaganda cliches, used to operate the Ukrainian representatives”.
On the other hand, drew attention Lukashevich, Russia “professionally shows what flaws remain and what Kyiv needs to finish in the time remaining, it is desirable, of course, by the end of this year as agreed “Minsk-2”. “But with regard to the postponement of the elections, it is clear that it will be difficult to do within the current period,” he said.
He noted that the need to formalize the extension of the Minsk agreements no. “I think the common understanding that was reached in Paris at the summit “channel four” just stood that, of course, you need to try to force the parties to perform the remaining tasks before the end of the year, but given the postponement of the elections, the inability to quickly implement reforms and navigate through the Verkhovna Rada, this process will be delayed”, – said the permanent representative.
Lukashevich if it is convinced that “after “channel” the summit opened a real prospect to untie the political knots and to allow the parties to solve problems”. “This is particularly true of the obligations of Kiev, as in the two republics has postponed the elections to give parties the opportunity to doreshti problems in the framework of the contact group. This also applies to the permanent status of Donbass, legislation on elections, which must be developed in direct dialogue with Kiev, Donetsk and Lugansk”. – he concluded.
Ministerial meeting “channel four”
The next round of negotiations in “Norman format” at the Ministerial level planned for early November, said the Russia’s permanent representative to the OSCE. However, he stressed that it is necessary to connect to the process of resolving the situation in Ukraine heads of state “Norman Quartet” no.
“Preparations for the Ministerial meeting in accordance with the instructions of the heads of state”, – the diplomat said. According to him, it can take place “most likely in early November”. “It will also provide an opportunity to push the implementation process, he said. – Ministers again will walk on the implementation of the agreements to reflect progress in Paris on 2 October understanding, will determine the point where the contact group and other mechanisms must work more intensively and effectively.”
Lukashevich also noted that there is no talk about changing the already established format. “No one is going to change or extend. There are no such plans”, – said the envoy.
According to him, there is still the need to connect and heads of state. “There is no need. We, like most participants, but not by the Ukrainian side believe that misunderstandings and different interpretations of the provisions of the Minsk agreements were resolved at a meeting of leaders “Norman Quartet” in Paris, – said Lukashevich. – The common denominator is that they confirmed there is no alternative to the Minsk agreements as the basis for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine and the need for strict and full implementation of the parties of the measures laid down in the Minsk document of 12 February”.
The OSCE mission in Ukraine
The OSCE works to increase the number of observers in Ukraine to ensure proper monitoring of the implementation of the Minsk agreements, said Alexander Lukashevich.
In his words, “the idea is to try to increase it to the end of the year to 700 observers”. “The tasks expand and become more complex, especially given signed on 29 September in Minsk additions to the set of measures associated including the need to discharge and verification of weapons up to a caliber of 100 mm,” – he explained.
The diplomat also notes that the capacity of the mission to mandated strength of 1000 observers now not on the agenda. “While the Secretariat and the mission come from the fact that mandated thousandth contingent is very difficult,” he said.
As observed by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation, “the set is difficult because requirements are very high.” “We have actively supported the expansion of the mission, because it is necessary to strengthen surveillance in the security zone along the security line on both sides”, – said Lukashevich.
However, he draws attention to the fact that numerical growth must be accompanied by increased infrastructure on the ground. “Of course, requires a greater number of new observation posts, forward bases, locations and precise distribution of tasks – verification-of-way to the exhaust where stored weapons and so forth,” – said the diplomat.
“For the mission the issue is that the current lineup is, of course, to cover this scope of tasks is difficult – says Lukashevich. – And so it should aim to strengthen not only human resources, but also technical capabilities, special equipment, drone”.
The mandate of the special monitoring mission of the OSCE in Ukraine is valid until 31 March 2016. It allows you to place up to 1000 of observers without regard to technical and administrative staff of the mission. Lukashevich said that while the organization has begun discussions on the renewal of the mandate. “Let’s look at the situation. This, of course, a serious stabilizing factor, a complex but very important verification mechanism”, – concluded the Russian diplomat.
To exclude a relapse of resumption of hostilities in the Donbass cannot
Russia believes that to exclude completely the possibility of the resumption by Kiev of the hostilities in the Donbass can not be, said Alexander Lukashevich. “Everything is going to stabilize, but to exclude from Kiev relapse resumption of hostilities is difficult, it is difficult to give absolute guarantees”, – he said.
According to him, over the past week with storage sites of heavy weapons of the Ukrainian armed forces lost more than a hundred pieces of equipment. “The issue here is that these movements did not create the impression that the Ukrainian side is preparing, in the event of a failure of political settlement, to try again to use force and to do this quickly to tighten their military capabilities”, – said the diplomat. He noted that the Russian mission to the OSCE “asked this question, but received no response from Ukrainian representatives”.
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However, he notes that “the obvious evidence (the preparation of such a scenario from Kiev – approx.) no”, but “bellicose rhetoric and the local Ukrainian delegation, and from Kiev” continues.
According to him, the OSCE mission to extend the monitoring on neighbouring Donbass regions to prevent the possible development of a military scenario. “There are concrete examples: Kharkiv and Dnipropetrovsk regions are nodes where it is possible to rapidly increase the connection pooling of the armed forces of Ukraine. We notice that the missions definitely need to be aware of what’s happening,” – said Lukashevich. However, he regretted that so far are having difficulty with it, although “potentially it is the area from which you can pull groups for any use of force.”
“But with all the variations of the estimations of the representatives of the member States of the OSCE, the overall conclusion is that, starting from 1 September, the stabilization of the situation and the cessation of active hostilities in the Donbass have become a reality,” the Russian diplomat said. “Although this process is still quite fragile, as are the individual violations with individual parties, the General trend was quite positive, and all in support of it to continue in the future,” he added.
“Therefore, all interested in the verification process adopted sustainability that the mission had the opportunity to visit the widest possible area in order to ensure that the parties, primarily Kiev, fulfill their obligations in the framework of Complex of measures and amendments in the context of withdrawal of more light weapons”, – said Lukashevich.