Moscow. October 22. The supply of cocoa products to Russia this year have fallen sharply, but the production of chocolate products remained practically at the previous year’s level, although when you save the recipes had to fall by 15-20%, according to a press release from the Center for research confectionery market (CICR).
Imports of cocoa beans, according to the FCS, in January-August decreased by 58,4% to 22.6 thousand tons of cocoa paste 10.6%, to 21.1 thousand tons of cocoa butter – by 14.3%, to 18.9 thousand tons. The stocks of cocoa raw materials industry enterprises almost do not form.
According to experts of the Centre, such a reduction of imports of raw materials reducing the production of chocolate and chocolate products, while maintaining the recipes was supposed to be 15-20%. However, no drop in output, according to Rosstat data, is not observed.
Experts name several reasons for not doing. First of all, the bakers increased the production of chocolate products with a smaller percentage of cocoa products.
In addition, they began to produce more chocolate products with a variety of fillings or increased the use of various additives (nuts, cereals, dried fruits, candied fruits, marmalade, etc.). Indirectly this is evidenced, for example, data of Rosstat, the production of products in category “Chocolate and food products, containing cocoa (except sweetened cocoa powder), without filling, with additions of grains of cereals, fruits or nuts” in January-August this year increased by 45% to 32.5 thousand tons.
Another reason can be considered more active use in the industry substitutes some types of cocoa raw materials, in particular, cheaper vegetable fat (refined palm oil and its derivatives) instead of expensive cocoa butter, according to a press release.
According to the FCS, in January-August of 2015 compared to the same period of 2014, the imports of refined palm oil that is used, including in the confectionary industry grew by 30.2% to 485 thousand tons.
In a press release reported that a ton of cocoa butter, the most expensive ingredient in chocolate production, it should last six months at $7000-8000 at customs. For the year, due to the highly increased prices for cocoa beans dollar price of cocoa butter has increased by about 15%, ruble – more than 100%. The average price of one tonne of refined palm oil at customs for the first eight months of 2014 amounted to about $950, and this year dropped to $750 per ton.
In normal baking, in chocolate – no
“Chocolate producers are facing this year an unprecedented rise in costs. It is not surprising that in this situation some not very fair players are tempted to save on raw materials, – said the Executive Director of the Center Elizaveta Nikitina, words which are contained in the message. -Palm oil is widely used by confectioners, which is normal in the production of flour confectionery products, but not equivalents from Palma to falsify chocolate.”
According to her, making palm oil less available, can only be achieved by growth of prices for finished products in the segment of flour, but do not reduce its use in chocolate products. “It would be more effective reducing fiscal barriers to the producer was better to use the original cocoa-raw, and not to bear the risks associated with unscrupulous practices,” said Nikitin.
As previously reported, the confectioners have sent the government a letter asking to cancel import duties on cocoa products. Possible stricter regulation of import and use of palm oil has repeatedly stated the Minister of agriculture of the Russian Federation Alexander Tkachev.
Center for research on the confectionary market (of ZIKR) is an expert Association, specializing in the study and analysis of the confectionary market and its individual segments, peculiarities of development of the confectionery industry in Russia and its major partners.