VIENNA, October 23. The participants of the meeting of the “Quartet on Syria” (Russia, USA, Turkey, Saudi Arabia) in Vienna agreed on the need to achieve a settlement in Syria based on the Geneva communiqué. This was stated by Russian foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov following the talks.
“This is the key to success”
“We have common goals, we confirmed today, and there is no doubt, is to stop the war, said the Minister. – To more effectively fight terrorists that threaten to take over the country and more actively, more effectively promote the political process on the basis of the principles agreed in the Geneva communiqué of 30 June 2012”.
“We all want the crisis was resolved on the basis of the restoration of Syria as a territorially-integral, sovereign and independent state, a secular state that upholds the rights of all without exception, religious and ethnic groups,” said Lavrov.
“You know what our French friends have put forward a proposal to convene a conference to discuss a particular issue, then Palestine, then Syria, then something else, said the Minister. But assuming that any meeting, any conference, any negotiations, including negotiations of presidents of Russia and Syria in Moscow, the next morning must immediately give the result, then probably you just need to understand that those who so believed, focus on public effect, and not on achieving results”. “The conflict in Syria is a long, bloody, chronic, – said Lavrov. – It involves too many players, and to resolve it, to fairly and reliably resolve, you need patience, compromise, find a balance of interests, which are far not in all coincide. But the fundamental thing is looming”.
“It is very important that all our partners today, and American, Turkish and Saudi, confirmed the commitment to the Geneva communiqué of 30 June 2012, the Minister said. – Clearly say that the political reform of any kind should be resolved through inclusive dialogue, which presents the entire spectrum of Syrian society, and the government and the opposition, and decisions must be made on the basis of mutual consent. This is the key to success”.
About the departure of Assad is not agreed
Participants quadripartite talks in Vienna had not agreed to the departure of President Bashar al-Assad, Lavrov said.
According to him, various conjectures “appeared even before the meeting took place”. “I heard that there are rumors spreading already, if here agree, or will agree, that after some period of time, President Assad will go. All this is not so,” said Lavrov.
The Minister noted a certain obsession with the partners “the figure of the President of Syria.” “But we have confirmed our position. If you bet on regime change, and especially to dwell on the specific shape of the head, we have been through in Iraq, and in Libya. We know how it ended and, unfortunately, even not over. Continues the deep crisis in these countries, – said Lavrov. – So our position is very simple formula. The fate of Syria, the fate of the Syrian President, the fate of any other individuals should be decided by the Syrian people, and not on the battlefield, not through any rebellion and coups, but through a political dialogue.”
The foreign Minister also informed his colleagues from USA, Saudi Arabia and Turkey on the Assad visit to Moscow.
“Told about how took place the meeting of President Putin with President Assad in Moscow this week. Informed about some of the issues discussed enough subject, including the issues related to the fight against terror and the need to initiate a national, all-Syrian dialogue on political reform”, – said Lavrov.
“Quartet” is not good enough
The “group support” to resolve the Syrian crisis could be composed of a dozen small States and entities, including the European Union, the League of Arab States (LAS) and the Organization of Islamic cooperation (OIC), said Lavrov.
According to him, gathered in the Austrian capital, the Quartet does not intend to usurp all efforts to resolve the Syrian crisis. “This Quartet is clearly not enough to ensure effective external support of Syrian peace talks, said Lavrov. – It needs to be expanded. It should be presented, in my opinion, and the permanent members of the UN Security Council – all, not only Russia and the United States, and the States of the region, too, it is key, not only Saudi Arabia and Turkey, but also Egypt, Iran, Qatar, UAE, Jordan”.
The Minister also wished to take into account “the experience of Iran “six” who worked with Iran and successfully negotiated the settlement of the situation around the Iranian nuclear program, and in addition to the five permanent members of the UN security Council was part of Germany”.
“Probably, and the European Union, as an institution, as an organization whose members feel increasingly negative impact of many of the crises in the middle East and North Africa and in Syria, in Libya, in Iraq, in Yemen and in other countries, too, could be presented in such a “group support”, – said the Russian Minister.
“This “support group” there is no need to endlessly expand, he continued. – I think about a dozen small States and structures are appropriate. I will mention, of course, the Arab League and the OIC, because of what is happening in the middle East and North Africa is not only a problem of countries in the region, not only the problem of the Arabs, Turkey and Iran. This is a problem that concerns the whole Islamic world, especially in light of the persistent and provocative attempt to bring all this conflict into interfaith and even intrafaith direction – towards perpetuating the conflict within Islam between Shia and Sunnis”.
“We will stand firmly against such attempts prevail, – said Lavrov. – It will be disastrous for Islam and for all States where there is Muslim population, including, of course, this also applies to us.”
Lavrov at the meeting in Vienna suggested that the US, Turkey and Saudi Arabia to join the mechanism of coordination with Jordan in Amman.
“I today at the meeting of the Quartet suggested that our partners – both American and Saudi, and Turkish – used this opportunity, this mechanism can help in solving those issues that are still not effectively suppress IG , “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” and other terrorist groups,” he said.
The new date of the Ministerial meeting on Syria, is likely to be announced in the near future, said Lavrov.
“Perhaps in the near future will be able to announce the date for a new meeting,” he said.
About grouping “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” and “Islamic state”
The radical Islamist group “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” (“Front of victory”), associated with a terrorist network “al-Qaeda” was created in 2011 on the territory of Syria. Our key objectives “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” named the overthrow of the regime of Bashar al-Assad with the subsequent establishment of an Islamic Emirate in Syria. On December 29, the Supreme court recognized “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” a terrorist organization and banned its activities in Russia.
“Islamic state” (ISIS) – an Islamist terrorist organization operating inside Iraq and Syria.
Established on 15 October 2006 by the merger of 11 radical Sunni groups. The core group forming the militants, who fought with American troops during their stay in Iraq and with the forces of the government of Bashar al-Assad in Syria.
The IG recognized as a terrorist organization in the USA, Canada, UK, Australia, Turkey, Egypt, UAE, India, Indonesia, and Russia (29 December 2014).