TOKYO, October 29. /Corr. Kirill Agafonov/. Japanese automotive company Nissan Motor began testing its new development – an unmanned vehicle that can without driver to travel on highways and city streets. This was reported by the press service of the Corporation.
In particular, an innovative model of Nissan may, without participation by a person to maintain a certain distance before the rider in front of the car, to regroup, to overtake other cars on multi-lane road, to go on a highway from the upper stage pocket, exit the highway, to overcome the ramps and cloverleaf overpass, turn at the crossroads, not bumping on the restrictive markings, and stop at a red light.
To achieve such autonomy of an unmanned vehicle is made possible through the implementation of two control systems. One of them with lasers determines the distance between the car and the distance from other obstacles. The other system is installed around the perimeter of the machine cameras. Data obtained using these two sets of sensors coming to Central on-Board computer for further analysis and independent decision-making. Allegedly, the accuracy of the system is enough to machine on autopilot overcame even the narrow, winding lanes.
Among Japanese automakers, as well as in the government of the country in recent time much attention is paid to the development of unmanned vehicles. And in the Cabinet, and the press services of the companies said that fully Autonomous cars descend from the conveyor already in 2020. A summer Olympics, which then will be held in Tokyo, promised to carry on the unmanned taxi. It is believed that this will significantly reduce the deaths from traffic accidents, since, according to various estimates, up to 90% of all accidents occur because of human factor.
This raises legal concerns – who will bear responsibility if an accident involving Autonomous cars still happen? According to a previously developed classification, there are four levels of “autonomy” car. In the first case the minimum degree of intervention of automation: the machine adjusts itself to select the speed, turn the steering wheel or the brake. In the second the computer controls two of the control, but the situation can always interfere the driver. These two levels already have a legislative framework – in case of accident will be the responsibility of the driver. Difficulties arise in two other cases, which involve the complete management of the machine automation: the fourth of the “maximum” level of “autonomy” of the driver not controlling the car.