The UN, on October 30. /Corr. Oleg Zelenin/. The expansion of the UN Security Council will complicate the decision-making process, because political contradictions between the countries “not going anywhere”. This opinion was expressed by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation at the world organization Vitaly Churkin.
“It is naive to hope. the reformed, extended Board easily churning out solutions for issues that are stumbling today. Ideological, political controversy is not going anywhere, and the texts of the decisions only get worse”, – the diplomat said at a meeting of the UN General Assembly on the question of security Council reform.
However, he stressed that Russia “recognizes the need to make the Security Council more representative,” but efforts in this direction should not affect the ability of this structure “effectively and efficiently respond to emerging challenges”.
Russia’s permanent representative reiterated Moscow’s position according to which the security Council should remain compact and its optimal numerical composition of the “not to exceed just over 20 members.” “This, among other things, guarantees the possibility of non-permanent members to preside in the Council,” he said.
Infringement of the right of veto is unacceptable
Vitaly Churkin said that Russia opposes restricting the right of veto granted to the five permanent members of the Security Council (Russia, Britain, China, USA and France).
“We will not hide that we cannot accept any ideas that lead to infringing upon the prerogatives of the current permanent members of the Security Council, including the veto. It should be remembered that this Institute is an important factor that encourages the members of the Council to find balanced solutions,” the diplomat said.
He drew attention that the veto “protects not only the interests of those to whom it belongs, but also the interests of those countries and regions that in the absence of the veto would have been under intense pressure of a certain group of States”.
In recent years a number of countries are asked to eliminate or limit the veto power of the permanent members of the UN security Council, including Russia, UK, China, USA and France. So, France offers to refrain from using the veto in cases where urgent action was required to prevent mass crimes.
As reported on Friday the Deputy permanent representative of France Alexis Lamek, to campaign in support of this initiative was joined by 85 States. During the meeting, a number of countries, including the United Kingdom, Germany and Japan supported the proposal of Paris.
USA vs. change veto
The American delegation, together with Russia, voted against amending the order of application of the veto in the UN Security Council.
“We do not support a change (law) of veto,” said Deputy US Ambassador Michelle Sison. However, it reported that Washington agreed in principle on “a modest increase in the number of permanent and non-permanent members of the Security Council.” According to her, the inclusion of the country in the number of permanent members should take into account the ability and the desire “to promote international peace and security and to other purposes of the UN”.
China: I do not think the timing of the reform
China’s permanent representative Liu Jieyi also called for the expansion of the UN security Council, proposing to increase the representation of developing States, particularly from the African continent.
Moreover, the diplomat pointed to the inadmissibility of restrictions of the process to reform the security Council by artificial deadlines as called for by a number of countries, dissatisfied with the protracted negotiations on this issue. “No time frame should not artificially be set for reform. Exactly the same should not forcibly overcrowded immature proposals (reforming SB)”, – he said.
According to him, China is set to work with other member countries of the UN, a reformed UN security Council in response to common interests of all States, as well as “long-term interests of the United Nations”.
Reform is overdue
During the meeting all member countries of the UN agreed that the Security Council needs reform. It also pointed the chair of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly Mogens Lykketoft, opening the meeting.
“For the last 70 years the world has undergone significant changes. The challenges we face today in maintaining international peace and security have become more complex and numerous. These challenges require that the UN body responsible for maintaining international peace and security, was a representative, credible and effective,” he said.
According to him, the UN in 70 years “needs a Security Council that is able to fully discharge its mandate in accordance with the Charter” of the organization. “In this context, the need to reform the UNSC not questioned,” said Lykketoft. He drew attention to the fact that the last time the Security Council had been reformed about 50 years ago when its membership was expanded from 11 to 15 member countries.
Russia’s permanent representative during his speech confirmed that “the reform of the UN Security Council has certainly matured.” “The question is how to implement it so that the reform led to the strengthening not only of the Council itself, but of our whole world organization,” – said Churkin. He urged his colleagues to strive to ensure that the end result is “effectively promoted the position of developing States”, and did not lead to “the consolidation of the existing imbalances”.