ST. PETERSBURG, November 2. /Corr. Yulia Andreeva, Roman Podervyansky/. Russia will cooperate with all the countries of the United Nations Convention against corruption, as well as international organizations. This was stated by Minister of justice Alexander Konovalov at a press conference in St. Petersburg, where he opened the 6th session of the conference of the States parties to the UN Convention against corruption.
“Russia has cooperated and is ready to continue to cooperate actively with all parties to the Convention and international law enforcement organizations, – stressed the head of the Russian Ministry of justice. – Needless to say that corruption today has taken on a transnational character , so opposition to it must also be co-ordinated international character”.
The priority theme of the St. Petersburg session of the global conference on the initiative of Russia became “the Interaction of private business and the state in the fight against corruption”, he said. He drew attention to the fact that the right to host the event of the Russian Federation received in accordance with the approach of the UN that “it is the countries, whose activities in the fight against corruption is estimated at a high level, consistent with the standards of the UN.”
“International cooperation is of particular importance”
The negative impact of corruption grow in the world under the influence of globalization. Such an assessment was expressed by the permanent representative of Peru to the UN office in Vienna Edgard Perez Alvan, speaking with a report from Latinoamerikanskih countries and the Caribbean.
“The negative impact of corruption grow under the influence of globalization, so international cooperation is of particular importance, said Alwan. Corruption affects all strata of society, so we need to increase participation in anti-corruption activities of national and regional organizations, NGOs and civil society and the private sector. It is necessary to strengthen access to information, transparency and accountability”.
The need to improve the availability of information to counter corruption and said addressing the session of the conference on behalf of the States of Europe head of the European Bureau for combating fraud (OLAF) Giovanni Kessler. “Corruption is a daily threat to our security. Prevention of corruption and combating it is Central for both the internal and external policies of the EU, said Kessler. – Effective, accountable and transparent at all levels of structure, availability of information, mechanisms for asset recovery, that’s important for the fight against corruption”.
The EU relies on the prevention of corruption. According to the European Commission, the EU countries annually lose from corruption are 120 billion euros. “Preventive action, the prosecution of offenders and recovery of assets is the key. But this is impossible without transparency and access to information, including on financial flows, said Kessler. – States should ensure that real information about the owners is stored centrally and the relevant authorities have access to it. Also requires the independence of the judiciary and protection of informers”.
Anti-corruption conference in St. Petersburg
The world’s largest anti-corruption conference held in St. Petersburg from 2 to 6 November. Besides daily plenary sessions in the program – several meetings on the sidelines of the conference, including seminars, “round tables” and meetings of bodies responsible for fighting corruption in their countries – only about 35 events on specialized subjects. Following the session it is planned to adopt the St. Petersburg Declaration, and also about 10 resolutions. It is also planned to launch the second cycle review of the implementation of the Convention (on the prevention of corruption and asset recovery).
The Convention against corruption was approved by the UN General Assembly on 31 October 2003 and entered into force on 14 December 2005, has been ratified by 177 States. Russia signed the document was one of the first in December 2003, ratified on 8 March 2006. The uniqueness of the Convention that it is the first global instrument legally binding in this area. It provides for measures to prevent corruption, punish the guilty, but also mechanisms of international cooperation in combating it.