In the Kremlin concluded that at the present time in Russia the fight against corruption is conducted more effectively at the Federal level and expect that next year it should get better in the regions of the country.
The head of the Russian presidential administration Sergei Ivanov said on passing in St. Petersburg the UN conference against corruption on the results of verification of declarations of civil servants for the first half of 2015. At its end to the institution of disciplinary proceedings against 4 thousand people, and 272 official dismissed from public service “with the wolf ticket”.
“Just checked 1.5 million declarations of officials at various levels. In the administration of the President of the office for combating corruption checks of 8.5 thousand people – Ministers, governors, Federal judges, etc”, – said Ivanov. In particular, said the head of the Kremlin administration, after verification of declarations of high-ranking officials were brought to disciplinary responsibility the head of the regional centre of the emergencies Ministry, the head of the customs administration in the North Caucasus, General of the interior Ministry was denied appointment to a higher position. Overall in the first half of the 198 candidates were denied their appointment.
The Declaration on incomes and property of state officials
Declaration about income and property provided annually by civil servants and other public officials under the law on civil service and the law on combating corruption.
First is the requirement for civil servants in Russia was introduced in 1995 In accordance with article 12 of the law of 31 July 1995 “On state service of the Russian Federation” civil servants were supposed to provide to the tax authorities information about received incomes and property. However, all this information is received the status of official secrets, and their validation was only carried out by the tax service.
The obligation to declare incomes, property and obligations of property character for public officials and members of their families was established by article 8 of the law dated 25 December 2008 “On combating corruption”. On 29 December of the same year in article 10 of the constitutional law “On the government of the Russian Federation” was amended, obliging the members of the Cabinet of Ministers to submit to tax authorities information about income, securities and other property belonging by right of ownership to them and their families.
Information about income and assets are published on the official websites of the relevant departments and the media since 2010, From 1 January 2013, Russian officials report not only on income but also on expenditure, including expenses of wives and children.
The Declaration on incomes and property of state officials. Dossier
“The network began to get more fish”
Data for 2015 is two times more than in the same period in 2014, underline in the Kremlin. “I think the increased corruption because the network has become thinner and it began to get more fish, including small ones,” Ivanov described the situation.
The head of the presidential administration is sure that “no expert will estimate the actual level of corruption in Russia because no such data”. “And believe it not, if the experts are you to blow, it’s all PR and nothing more”, – said Ivanov. He also praised the work of the Federal financial monitoring service, “which sees a lot, including abroad.” “Many investigations begin with a tip of Rosfinmonitoring, in this sense, globalization and electronic banking payments plays into our hands,” said Ivanov.
Answering the question about statistics of corruption by geography, head of the presidential administration said that in this respect there are unofficial polls that show that the level of corruption is the leader of the North Caucasus Federal district.
“The presidential administration does not punish the criminal, and can only take disciplinary action, as the presidential administration is not a court, not the Prosecutor, not law enforcement agencies”, – stressed Ivanov. He stated: “No legal verdicts bear will never otherwise come to 1937. I the categorical opponent of such Parallels and associations”.
The spread of anti-corruption standards at the municipal level
The Kremlin has no plans to come up with new initiatives on improving anti-corruption legislation, said Ivanov. “As for legislation, I think we have all the substantive provisions of anti-corruption laws are respected, they are accepted, they are, UN confirms it”, – said the head of the Kremlin administration to journalists.
The head of Department of the President of the Russian Federation on issues of combating corruption Oleg Bad reminded that to a large extent preparedness is legislative provision for the introduction of the grounds for dismissal of deputies of municipal level – non-Declaration of income. According to him, therefore, anti-corruption standards apply to Federal to the municipal level.
“A lot of initiatives to tighten legislation, in particular, the security Committee is actively discussing the initiative for the introduction of increased responsibility for the theft of budget funds, but now it’s just being discussed, and to say that the law is ready for submission, it is premature,” – says Oleg Bad.
“The new (bills), introduced on the initiative of the President, I do not expect in the nearest future”, – summarized Sergey Ivanov.
Combating corruption at the regional level
At the Federal level, the efficiency for detection of conflict of interests in four times higher, said Bad. According to the head of anti-corruption office of the Kremlin, three-quarters of the layoffs with the phrase “in connection with loss of trust” refers to people working in Federal agencies.
Ivanov agreed that corruption at the regional level, there is much worse than on the Federal. This situation he explains that the inspection of declarations Federal officials is carried out for many years.
“This year, we first created anti-corruption units in every region of the Russian Federation and ordered them to be headed by the Governor. These units are just starting to work,” Ivanov explained, specifying that “this is not a reproach to regionals”.
“As for legislation, I think we have all the substantive provisions of anti-corruption laws are respected, they are accepted, they are, UN confirms it”, – said Sergey Ivanov. The head of the Kremlin administration added that “the presidential administration of such plans (under the new laws – ed.) no.
At the present time the courts received the first claims on the return to the state of the houses and cars purchased by civil servants on unconfirmed incomes. It is the “return to the state of real estate, vehicles that revealed how obscure the source of proceeds that the defendant can not explain”, said Ivanov.
The problem of collection of fines
The collection of fines for corruption-related crimes in 2015 have decreased in 2014 were collected 6.4 billion rubles, and in 2015 – slightly less than 1 billion rubles, said Bad.
“Penalties (for bribery – comm.) discharged into the billions of roubles, and in a few years it became clear that the collection of these penalties in the area of statistical error, that is, nothing is going. In this regard, the Supreme court decided that fines should be larger than the size of the bribe, but not the same as previously discharged, is repeated,” said Ivanov.
The problem of collection of fines for corruption crimes is not completely solved, Ivanov admitted. “In my opinion, here to invent it is necessary nothing: do not pay the penalty is a prison, although a certain period of time to give to the fundraiser and payment”, – said the head of the Kremlin administration. According to Ivanov, “also should be imposed severe restrictions – not departure abroad, non-registration of weapon, i.e., defeat in civil rights.”
“It is common in contests wins by the same company, which, as then it turns out his wife, daughter, granddaughter, regional official in charge” – he brought an example of a conflict of interest. According to Ivanov, to overcome this practice should help recent law, under which officials at all levels are obliged to inform about any conflict of interests.
The head of the presidential administration noted that by law in a conflict of interest may involve not only family, but friends, and other “economically connected” with official citizens. “In the case of nasaline on conflict of interest, the official is automatically exposed to sanctions, including dismissal,” – he recalled.
For the first half of 2015 real sentences for corruption received 5,5 thousand people, reported in his turn, the head of the anti-corruption office.
Due to the return from abroad of assets earned by a criminal way, Russia managed to return 8.5 million rubles.
As explained by Sergei Ivanov, the return of assets from abroad, “the lion’s share of success depends on good bilateral relations of our office and Prosecutor’s office of the state where the property is located”. “If good relations or there is no hard political team – nothing to do, everything else is useless”, – stated the head of the administration.
“Oddly enough, the Prosecutor’s office of Latvia a good relationship, and from Latvia we have returned on request 1,5 million roubles, from Switzerland, has returned 7 million roubles from the property of ex-Senator izmestiev in Switzerland, Deputy Minister of agriculture Bojanowo work is also underway on the restoration of funds,” – said Ivanov.
Features of legal mechanisms
The procedure for the return of arrested overseas assets is very complex, said Ivanov. “You have to find first, then request, then wait for a positive response, then this needs to be the property of the castle or mansion – someone bought it, and only after that funds received from the sale will be returned”, – he described this legal framework. The head of the presidential administration assured that the work is being done.
As an example, he cited France, where the seized property ex-wife of the Minister of Finance of Moscow region Alexey Kuznetsov, “on the Kuznetsov now received a claim to the French Prosecutor’s office to arrest his castle in Saint-Tropez and another thing, acquired by overwork”.
Assessment Ivanov, “the worst situation is with the Anglo-Saxon countries – USA, Canada, England” on asset recovery in Russia. There are times when “the fugitive – Frank the crook, the crook, the crook, is given the status of refugee and that was the end, in the Anglo-Saxon countries”, said the head of the presidential administration.
Anti-corruption conference in St. Petersburg
The world’s largest anti-corruption conference held in St. Petersburg from 2 to 6 November. In addition to daily plenary meetings, the programme – several meetings on the sidelines of the conference, including seminars, “round tables” and meetings of bodies responsible for fighting corruption in their countries – only about 35 events on specialized subjects. Following the session it is planned to adopt the St. Petersburg Declaration, and also about 10 resolutions.
THE CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION
The Convention against corruption was approved by the General Assembly on 31 October 2003 and entered into force on 14 December 2005, ratified by 172 States. Russia signed the document was one of the first in December 2003, ratified on 8 March 2006. The international Treaty provides for measures to prevent corruption, punish the guilty, but also mechanisms of international cooperation in combating it. The Convention obliges member States to carry out anti-corruption policies, to endorse the relevant laws and set up special bodies to combat this phenomenon. In accordance with the Convention, States must ensure that their officials showed integrity, honesty and responsibility. The Convention obliges countries to prevent and suppress the export of illicit proceeds abroad and to strengthen international cooperation to their return.