MOSCOW, November 12. The Russian President Vladimir Putin will not attend a summit of Asia-Pacific economic cooperation (APEC), which will be held in the Philippines on November 18-19, Russia at this event will represent Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. The journalists said the press Secretary of the head of state, Dmitry Peskov.
“I can confirm that indeed Russia at the APEC summit in Manila (Philippines) will be submitted by the Chairman of the government,” he said.
Peskov said that the Premier had planned other visits in the region of South-East Asia. “And in this regard, from the point of view of optimization of schedules of the top leadership of the country President it was decided that the President and the Prime Minister with a difference of just one or two days this far together did not fly,” – said the representative of the Kremlin.
This Peskov stressed that Putin has traditionally paid much attention to the problems of APEC and the summit agenda. “It is planned to publish the article of the President in connection with the agenda of this APEC summit, and in General in connection with cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. This article will be released before the summit in leading mass media of the APEC countries”, – said the press Secretary of the President.
Press Secretary of the President of Russia is sure that the head of the Russian state “there will be no omissions” in contacts with colleagues due to the decision not to go to the APEC summit. “Part of the bilateral meetings (planned at the summit) will be compensated by telephone calls, some of the meetings have not been agreed, so here in this case, no gaps will not be”, – said the representative of the Kremlin.
In the Kremlin, also called the erroneous assumption that the appointment of the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, the head of the Russian delegation at the APEC summit instead of President Vladimir Putin was due to the fact that the head of the government has been more than good relations with U.S. President Barack Obama, who also intends to participate in the forum. “This is a wrong assessment that shows a misunderstanding of the essence of the Russian policy in the Asia-Pacific region”, – said the press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation.
“This (Russian policy in the Asia-Pacific region) self-measurement of foreign policy of Russia, it is absolutely not indexed in any way on bilateral relations with the USA”, – said the representative of the Kremlin. In his words, “Russia has a constructive and close relations with many representatives of the Asia-Pacific region and, naturally, this cooperation will continue regardless of our bilateral relations with third countries”.
Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev, who will travel to the APEC summit in the Philippines instead of Russian President Vladimir Putin, he will develop a program of bilateral meetings with foreign leaders, said press Secretary of the President. Dmitry Peskov refused to answer the journalists ‘ question whether Medvedev is in the Philippines meeting with the President of the United States. “In this case, of course, need to address to the government this question – Mr Medvedev will form its programme and, probably, I not here to say anything,” – said the representative of the Kremlin. This Peskov stressed that “such summits that provide an excellent opportunity to communicate everything with each other “on fields” General activities”.
About changes in the composition of delegations
Replacement in the composition of delegations is not a unique practice. Putin previously several times missed large international summits. In particular, in 2002 he was forced to miss a meeting of leaders of APEC economies Mexico in connection with capture by terrorists of the Theatrical center on Dubrovka. Putin was in Moscow to monitor the progress of the operation to free the hostages, but instead to the summit went holding then a post of the Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov.
In 2012, Putin has also delegated at the annual meeting of the leaders of “eight” in the U.S. the Chairman of the government of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. The head of state himself, who at that time was entered on a post of the President, considered a priority the formation of a new Cabinet of Ministers.
Other leaders also sometimes resort to substitutions on large forums. For example, President Barack Obama did not attend the APEC summit in Russia in 2012. This meeting coincided with the date of the Congress of the Democratic party that marked the start of pre-election struggle for a post of the head of the American administration. At the summit in Vladivostok, the U.S. was represented by Secretary of state Hillary Clinton. A year later, Obama again failed to attend the APEC summit in Indonesia because of problems with the budget, which even led to the forced leave of the American administration. The U.S. delegation was then headed by Secretary of state John Kerry.
The APEC forum
Intergovernmental forum of APEC (Asia-Pacific economic cooperation) was established in November 1989 by twelve countries in the Asia-Pacific region as an instrument of peaceful solution of economic, social, environmental and other problems in the Asia-Pacific region. Currently APEC is the most representative regional structure dialog, which deals with issues of creating favorable conditions for trade and investment cooperation, security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.
Today the membership of the forum includes 19 countries: Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Canada, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, USA, Thailand, Philippines, South Korea, Japan, China, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Chile, Russia, Vietnam, Peru, and two territories – Hong Kong (Hong Kong) and Chinese Taipei. They account for 57% of world GDP, 48% of the international trade turnover, more than 40% of the volume of foreign direct investment and over 40% of the world’s population.
APEC has no formal Charter, therefore, cannot be called an organization, and acts as an international forum, an Advisory body. Taking into account the specifics of the composition comprising the territory, APEC members decided to not designate as “state” and “economy”.
APEC Chairman, changing on an annual rotating basis. His functions shall be performed by the country that will host the next summit. The current APEC summit will be the capital of the Philippines Manila. Russia was the Chairman of the forum in 2012. Last year the summit was hosted by China. According to the preliminary agreement, and in subsequent years to chair APEC will be Peru (2016), Vietnam (2017), Papua New Guinea (2018), Chile (2019), Canada (2020), New Zealand (2021) and Thailand (2022).