MOSCOW, November 13. /Corr. Nadezhda Gerashchenko, Maria Dorokhina/. The Kremlin believes that the government will find a compromise in solving the issue of the imposition of tolls on trucks. “The government is engaged in (this issue), the government is very quickly taking the necessary steps, so we have absolutely nothing to add”, – told reporters the President’s press Secretary Dmitry Peskov.
He reiterated that “this issue is at the centre of attention of the relevant departments, in particular, of the Ministry of transport”. “The transport Ministry is making every effort to find the necessary compromises, to exercise maximum flexibility” – said the representative of the Kremlin. He also expects that “flexibility should in this case be shown with all (the parties to a dispute)”.
New Board with trucks
November 15, 2015 payment on account of compensation of harm, caused to the public roads of Federal importance lorries with a permissible maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes. To control the passage of trucks on Federal highways will be cars with instruments photo and video recording, and is also located on the roads construction of station control. It is planned that the collection of payments will bring 40 billion in Federal road Fund. The government of the Russian Federation on 10 November has decided to reduce tariff for freight carriers. In the period from 15 November 2015 to 29 February 2016 Board with lorries weighing over 12 tonnes will be charged in the amount of 1,5293 RUB./km. later, in the period from 1 March 2016 until 31 December 2018, the tariff will be increased to 3,06 rbl./km.
Until may 1, 2016 owners of such vehicles will not be fined for the violation of this requirement outside of the Moscow region. Then the penalties for all regions constitute the legal entities in the amount of 450 thousand rubles for the first violation and 1 million for re.
Earlier in Russia’s regions drivers of heavy vehicles held a protest against the charging of trucks. However, Minister of transport Maxim Sokolov has accused private carriers that they knew in advance about the introduction of fees from the trucks and are now trying to affect decisions already taken.
The actions of food producers
Major food producers, including PepsiCo and Danone, began to notify the trade network that the introduction of paid travel for trucks and installation requirements on the vehicle special vehicle unit, can guarantee only a week uninterrupted supply. This was reported by several sources in the retail market. A corresponding letter from the manufacturers to the retailers received.
In the Russian office PepsiCo did not comment on this information. In Danone-Russia claim that the company sent out to its suppliers any messages.
“PepsiCo and Danone say that the whole crisis reorganization of logistics will ensure the continuity of supply in the horizon of one week. Beyond this horizon they don’t make,” said a source in one of large Federal retail chains.
That is, under conditions of force majeure, they are guaranteed to have enough resources for a week of supplies, and then there may be delays, and they are not taken to predict the situation for a longer period, explained the Agency interlocutor.
A source at another large retail chains confirmed that some suppliers are actually warned the company about the possibility of supply disruptions. However, he did not specify which ones.
The official representative of X5 Retail Group (networks “Perekrestok”, “Pyaterochka”, “Karusel”), Oleg Poletaev confirmed the information in that network group received the supplier of the notification of the occurrence of elevated risks associated with “care and discipline of the schedule of delivery of goods in distribution centers”.
The representative of one of the largest food producers has confirmed that suppliers have sent their partners an official letter stating that there may be difficulties with the transport companies can affect the timely delivery of products for reasons beyond their control. “In that letter we also stated that every effort to minimize risks up to ensure that key partners – carriers onboard devices”, – said the Agency interlocutor.
The reasons for the expected failure of supply
The problem of delivery of goods will affect the whole supply chain in the consumer market, affecting both retailers and food manufacturers.
In a letter to the Ombudsman under the RF President on protection of entrepreneurs ‘ rights Boris Titov on November 6, 2015 to the head of the government Dmitry Medvedev () specifies a list of unresolved issues associated with the organizational and technical failure of the system of payment by 15 November 2015. So, not piloted systems, increasing the risks of erroneous penalties on the carriers. There is no detailed regulation of the process of charging, including in case of involuntary rerouting, and the ability of timely equipping of vehicles with on-Board devices designed for satellite fixing of journey on Federal highways.
Vendors indicate that the latter November 12, a statement by the representative of the Ministry of transport that to may throughout Russia (except Moscow region) will cancel the fines for violation of the requirement on payment, no piece of legislation is not supported.
In “Soyuzmoloko” are also convinced that without test mode, run the accounting system collect fees from trucks can occur the collapse of transportation. Previously, providers of dairy products in collaboration with industry unions and associations has written to the Prime Minister a letter asking to enter up to 15 November 2016, zero duty on heavy vehicles for travel on Federal highways with a further increase of the rate until the beginning of 2019.
Commenting on the concerns of retailers about the supply disruption, Poletayev from X5 indicated in the interview with rather, the problem is not fully proven technology this fee.
“The main problem is accounting for movement, and not charging a fee (for driving trucks over 12 tons – approx. ed.),” he said. The fleet at X5 Retail Group, for example, account for approximately 70% of the volume of transportation of goods from distribution centers to stores. The group has obtained all the necessary devices, and by November 15 all cars will be equipped by the new rules. Another 30% of traffic in the interests of the network perform a transport company attracted small and medium scale. “Today, from their fleet of vehicles from 10% to 15% are willing to work under the new rules, we have received the necessary onboard devices for data communications,” – said Poletaev.
As explained by the representatives of the leading manufacturer, currently new devices only get “large” market participants, which owns 300 vehicles and more. However, traditionally, over 60% of traffic falls on loan vehicles small and medium – sized companies that the large companies-shippers work on contracts. The new devices are available only in Central Russia, the Urals, they are expected not before the end of November – beginning of December.
The rise in prices is possible
In “Soyuzmoloko” believe that the introduction of fees with a 12-tinnikov will accelerate inflation to 2 PCT from the Central Bank projected for next year to 5.5-6.5%. This assessment generally agree and the Chairman of the Presidium of the Association of retail companies (akort) Ilya Lomakin-Rumyantsev. Business Ombudsman Titov predicts the increase in the price of the most popular products next year by 5%. “Set the transition period in three months does not allow to fulfill the newly introduced a system of fees, and increase its size to 3 rubles from March 1 next year will increase the cost of freight traffic by 15-20%”, – explained the reasons of acceleration of inflation in “Soyuzmoloko”.
The shelves won’t be empty
However, retailers will try to mitigate the situation. “We expect that in the coming days when optimizing supply chains, we will keep the situation under control because during this period, our contractors their problems on equipment decide. The problem becomes global so that it was noticed by the buyers of the stores,” explained Poletaev of X5 Retail Group. The representative Dixy Catherine Kamanina to believe that the issue of fees with 12-tinnikov will not affect the fullness of the stores goods. “The supplies will be delivered on time and in full. The company continues to retool its fleet. But to say that the system is now fully ready,” – she explained.
In the group Metro Cash&Carry also do not expect problems with providing stores with goods, said a company representative Oksana Tokareva. To mitigate such risks, the organization of manufacturers of food products “Rusprodsoyuz” is going to appeal to retailers with a request not to set penalties for any failure to deliver goods.