MOSCOW, November 15. The fee, which starts from November 15 days to pay trucks permissible maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes, practically will not affect the total price of the transported goods, believe the experts interviewed.
Goods can grow by 1-1,5%
So, according to General Director of JSC “NIIAT” Alexei Vasilkov, the increase in transport costs for companies will affect the price of the goods, however, this increase will be insignificant.
Agree with him Alexander Shumsky, head of the project “tubes.no.” “85-90% of goods transported 12-tonikaku, is non-food items. Basically it is building materials, bulk commodities – gravel, sand,” he said.
The cost of transportation of goods by truck in an average of 30 rubles per 1 km, With a maximum tariff, which will be launched only in 2019, the cost will be 33,73 ruble. Accordingly, the cost of transportation will grow by about 10%. However, the transport component in the price of goods is only 4-10%. Therefore, the final cost of goods may increase by 1-1,5%. We can improve not even feel it,” says Shumsky.
He added that the conducted calculations, in particular, on the example of the departure of the truck from Makhachkala to Moscow is the rising cost of goods was approximately 1%.
“Do not forget that, in addition, transport companies will be reduced transport costs associated with the repair and maintenance of the operating status of the vehicle. The road surface thanks to the funds raised to be of higher quality, which is beneficial for the companies,” he added.
Damage from heavy trucks
Now the truck is applied to 50% of the damage to Federal highways, the rest are cars. The very passenger cars in Russia about 40 million, while large trucks is around 1 million Because the increase in payments will be phased, to cope with the new tax burden will be able both large and small companies, the expert concluded.
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According to the Director of the Institute of transport economy and transport policy Michael Blinkina, paid for heavy trucks to travel on Federal highways is a right step in addressing the issues of road repairs. “Come to that and other countries, since trucks weighing more than 12 tonnes of the General damage caused to the road surface,” he says. The introduction of a tariff for journey will balance the situation where construction materials are transported by road to avoid charges for railway infrastructure, adds the expert. But the system itself is still working smoothly enough, so carriers face technical difficulties, paying for the fare.
From November 15 trucks with a permissible maximum weight exceeding 12 tonnes have started to pay 1.53 per ruble for each mile of way on Federal highways in Russia. Such fees, according to the decree of the RF government dated 3 November, will continue until 29 February 2016.
The reduced fee is achieved by using a decreasing ratio of 0.41 to the previously adopted rate of 3.73 per 1 ruble per km From 1 March 2016 until 31 December 2018 heavy trucks will pay the tariff with a reduction factor of 0.82 – 3.06 rubles per 1 km. From January 1, 2019 the fee will be for heavy vehicles full – 3,73 rubles per 1 km on Federal highways.
In anticipation of the introduction of the collection of representatives of several major retail chains and food producers have expressed concerns that the new fee may lead to disruptions in supply and, consequently, to higher prices for goods, which transport trucks.
Preparations for the introduction of user fees from trucks was conducted by the Agency for about two years. The ultimate goal of the project is to compensate for the harm caused to highways of General use of Federal value trucks. During the discussion, the government agreed to compromise, reducing the initial level of the fee, and repealing penalties for a transition period.
Collecting payments should also bring annually about 40 billion rubles to the Federal road Fund, from which funds will be allocated for repair and construction of new roads.
Drivers of heavy vehicles in the regions of Russia last week held protests against the toll collection from the trucks. From his part Minister of transport Maxim Sokolov noted that private carriers knew in advance about the imposition of levies on trucks, and are now trying to affect decisions already taken.