Moscow. November 19. Russia in 2015 was on the 75th line of the ranking of the Global Gender Gap index (gender gap), which since 2006 publishes the world economic forum (WEF).
The number of countries for which the index is calculated, has increased from 142 to 145 in 2014. None of them, however, have so far failed to achieve full equality for all 14 variables of the 4 key areas that are monitored WEF: economy and career, education, health and survival, political rights and opportunities.
Over the last 10 years the gap has narrowed by only 4%. Moreover, in the economic sphere, the convergence was less pronounced with 3%, that is, the achievement of full equality for this indicator will require another 118 years. According to the WEF, the world average, women now earn the same as men received in 2006.
With the formation of the situation is ambiguous: in the world in General, this indicator is 95%, i.e. it is separated from equality only 5% against 8% in 2006, and 25 States women and men have equal access to this kind of benefits. However, in 22% of countries lagging behind women has increased since 2006. In 97 countries entering University, more women than men, but only in 68 countries women constitute the majority of skilled workers and most managers and political leaders in only four.
The closest thing to equality the indicator of health and survival is 96%, in 40 countries, the gap eliminated. Worst case with political rights – 23%.
As in past years, the WEF is led by countries in Northern Europe, changing only their order: this year, first Iceland, followed by Norway, Finland and Sweden. The top ten includes also Ireland (5th), Switzerland (8th) and Slovenia (9th), while there was not a single representative of the group of seven, the Middle East or the Americas. The Asia-Pacific region took the 7th place by the Philippines and New Zealand on 10-th place, Africa – Rwanda on 6-th position.
The best result in the G7 countries has shown Germany – 11th position. The U.S. fell from 20th to 28th place, Canada – from the 19th to the 30th.
In the BRICS countries in the lead South Africa at 17th place, followed by Russia. Significantly worsened the situation in Brazil (85-I in 2015) and China (91st).
However, positive changes are observed in the UK, rising from 26th to 18th place, Italy from 69 to 41, India – from 114 to 108.
The best of all the situation with equality in education – the 27th place in the world, followed by health and Economics – 42-e in both cases. Russia, in particular, shares with a number of countries the first place in the percentage of women among technical and other graduates.
However, the assessment of average labor income varies considerably – $19 886 thousand per year for women and $356 for 32 thousand men. The share of companies, including top managers of whom are women – 20%.
The situation is most critical on the political criteria of gender equality (128-e a place against 125th in 2014). For him, the WEF estimates including the gender composition of the Parliament and the government, looking, can a woman to take the post of head of state and whether such precedent in modern history.