MOSCOW, November 20. In the Kremlin come from the fact that now in Russia the moratorium on the death penalty. This was stated to journalists the President’s press Secretary Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the proposal of the leader “Fair Russia” Sergey Mironov on the use of capital punishment for terrorism. “It’s only proposed. The death penalty is an extremely complex and there are also many discussions. In the end, (there is) the decision on the moratorium, now we believe this moratorium,” – said the representative of the Kremlin.
Sergey Mironov has suggested to return the death penalty for terrorists
Senator Klishas: the return of the death penalty is contrary to the position of the constitutional court of the Russian Federation
The Chairman of state Duma Committee: discussion about the return of the death penalty in Russia is irrelevant
Matviyenko considers it unreasonable return of the death penalty in Russia at the present time
Answering the question whether the changed position of Russian President Vladimir Putin, previously called the return of the death penalty useless, Peskov said: “Other points of view the President had not voiced”.
The performance itself Mironova with the idea of returning the death penalty for terrorists in the Kremlin has not yet commented. “It’s a completely new proposal, so until I can formulate some sort of position,” Peskov said. Comment on he proposed to contact the author of this idea. “I don’t wish to discuss this topic,” – said the representative of the Kremlin.
The leader “Fair Russia” Sergey Mironov has suggested to return the death penalty for terrorists and their accomplices. “As an exception to set as the punishment for terrorists and their supporters that support the activities of militants who have committed a terrorist act, the death penalty,” said he, speaking at a joint meeting of the state Duma and the Federation Council. In addition, according to the leader of just Russia, “should provide in the legislation measures of material and moral encouragement of the citizens, which helped to prevent the activities of terrorist and extremist groups on the territory of the Russian Federation”.
Earlier with the initiative of the return of the death penalty for some particularly serious crimes, including terrorism, has repeatedly made by the deputies from the liberal democratic party. However, the relevant committees of the state Duma and the Federation Council emphasized that the issue of the return of the death penalty irrelevant.
In April 2013 Putin during the “Straight line” called the return of the death penalty is impractical, explaining that, according to experts, “the tougher penalties will not lead to the elimination of the offences of crime”. The President then cited the example of the Roman Empire, where the punishment for stealing was death penalty. The greatest number of thefts occurred precisely at the time of execution, because a lot of people gathered in the square. “I understand citizens’ indignation and desire to punish criminals. The question of efficiency”, – continued the head of state. He also reminded about the existence of life imprisonment.
In Russia abolished the death penalty
After joining in February 1996 to the Council of Europe Russia undertook to cease executions and adopt a law on the abolition of capital punishment. In may 1996 signed a presidential decree on the gradual reduction in the use of the death penalty and in August of the same year imposed a moratorium on executions.
From 1 January 1997, entered into force the new criminal code of the Russian Federation, in which the death penalty as an exceptional measure of punishment was established only for especially grave crimes encroaching on life. Such crimes are murder (when there are aggravating circumstances); an encroachment on life state or the public figure; encroachment on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of a law enforcement officer; genocide. In April 1997, Russia signed Protocol 6 to the European Convention for the protection of human rights, which provides for the complete abolition of the death penalty.
2 February 1999 the constitutional court introduced a moratorium on the death penalty until the introduction throughout the country of trial by jury. 19 November 2009 the constitutional court extended the moratorium until the ratification of the Russian Federation of Protocol 6 to the European Convention for the protection of human rights.
© Anna Isakova/press service of the state Duma of the Russian Federation/TASS
Joint meeting of the state Duma and the Federation Council to combat terrorism. Text translation