The machine builders of the Russian Federation it is necessary to triple capacity to ensure mining

The machine builders of the Russian Federation it is necessary to triple capacity to ensure mining


MOSCOW, November 19. /Corr. Victor Fat. The Russian machine-building companies need to triple the capacity to meet the needs of the coal industry in the mountain-mine equipment. In an interview, said the Deputy head of the Federal service for ecological, technological and nuclear supervision (Rostekhnadzor) Boris Red.

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According to him, at present about 34% of all mining equipment in the domestic industry are produced in Russia, 32% – in Ukraine and about 27% in EU countries. Also this equipment to some extent is made in Belarus (about 2%), China (3%) and USA (2%).

With the largest Ukrainian machine-building companies supplying mining equipment in Russia, situated in the South-Eastern part of Ukraine.

“The coal industry of Russia as the main means of production uses machinery as Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Germany, USA, China, Poland, and the Czech Republic. To meet the needs of the coal industry in harvesters, mechanized roof supports, conveyors, locomotives and drilling equipment domestic machinery necessary to triple the capacity,” said Red.

In the coal industry for nearly 500 hazardous facilities

According to the Deputy head of Rostechnadzor, the current technical level of safety in coal mining industry one of the highest in the industry.

“This was largely due to the technical policy of mining and metallurgical and coal-mining companies, such as SUEK, Evraz, Mechel, Severstal, Kuzbassrazrezugol, SDS and others, and new domestic developments in the field of automated production control systems and processes,” said Red.

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As of early 2015, the register of hazardous production facilities (HPF) in the coal industry 468 registered objects.

Coal mining is carried out in the Urals, in Eastern and Western Siberia, the far East, including Yakutia, the Sakhalin region, the TRANS-Baikal, Primorye, Khabarovsk Krai, Republics of Tuva, Komi, Kemerovo, Chelyabinsk, Amur, Rostov regions, also have a small incision in the Ryazan region.

In the Kuzbass mines currently in operation 46, 89 sections, 41 a processing plant in the Komi Republic – 6 mines and 1 open pit, Rostov oblast 6 mines.

But some of the mines due to the lack of sales of coal produced in financial difficulty. “This is especially noticeable in the Rostov region. Most of the mines of the Donetsk coal basin in the period from 1994 to 2010 were eliminated (just on the restructuring program closed 188 mines in the Rostov region – 47 – approx. ed). Today the extraction is carried out by only 6 of the 12 mines,” said Red.

Safety in coal mining as a priority

For the first 9 months of 2015 at the enterprises of the coal industry occurred 6 accidents, 5 of which in underground mining. The number of fatally injured 14 people, said the Deputy head of Rostechnadzor.

Compared to the same period in 2014 the number of fatal accidents decreased by 32%. Proportion of fatal accidents in 2014 was 0,07 persons/million tons, and for 9 months of 2015 was 0.05 persons/million tons. This corresponds to the best values in developed coal mining countries, said Red.

Long-term program of development of coal industry of Russia till 2030, approved by decree of the RF government in summer 2014, aims to reduce the country’s specific fatal injuries by 2020 to 0.1; by 2030 to 0.05.

“The accident rate and fatal injuries in the coal industry of the Russian Federation for the last five years at rather high and stable level of annual production /350-360 million tons per year/ on a steady decline,” said Red.

Administrative measures reduce the accident rate

“Rostechnadzor focuses on the violations that pose a real threat to the life and health of people. In this case, the number of detected violations in the coal industry is calculated annually by the digits of the same order – from 50 to 60 thousand”, – said Red.

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By the end of 2014, coal industry Rostechnadzor carried out about 8.5 thousand inspections, of which 92% in the regime of permanent supervision. 62 thousand revealed violations. In 2014, administrative penalties were imposed 9411 times, the total amount of fines amounted to 405 million rubles.

In the first half of 2015 was held 5204 inspections, identified 34 thousand infringements, the mining stopped 356 times, fines were imposed 4637 times the amount of 204,3 million.

“The number of administrative suspensions of activities as a result of violations, which may result in an accident, amounted in 2014 – 645, 2013 – 666 times. For comparison, in 2008 these suspensions was 168, i.e. administrative suspensions became 3-4 times more. In this specific fatal injury rate fell during this period several times – from 0.16 to 0.07. We have to admit that the following administrative measures to infringers of industrial safety continue to have a sufficient effect on the reduction of the risk of major accidents,” – said Red.