EKATERINBURG, November 25. More than 30 thousand exhibits and 130 thousand photos submitted in the first Russian Presidential center of Boris Yeltsin. Grand opening of “Yeltsin centre” will take place on Wednesday in Yekaterinburg with the participation of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
The tradition of preserving the historical heritage of presidents originated in the U.S. in 1939 after the decision of the 32nd President Franklin Roosevelt to donate to the Federal government all of their personal belongings and official papers for the organization of the historical archive.
The artifacts of the Museum
Among the unique artifacts of the Museum is a facsimile of the letter Boris Yeltsin Mikhail Gorbachev with notes and corrections, in which he criticizes the party bureaucracy.
According to the Deputy Executive Director of the Presidential center B. N. Yeltsin Lyudmila Telen, Fax a copy of the letter presented for the first time in the Museum. “This letter was first published in the biography of Yeltsin “Confessions on a given topic”. Much later in the archives Yeltsin was found a facsimile copy of this letter with notes and corrections,” said she.
© Pavel Smertin/TASS archive
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The Museum also holds the tricolor raised over the Kremlin on 25 December 1991, and the nuclear suitcase, which Yeltsin gave Vladimir Putin on 31 December 1999. “But the most surprising exhibit of the Museum – Cabinet of the first President of Russia, which migrated from the Kremlin in the Museum space”, – told organizers. In the study preserved the table on which lay a folder marked “Secret” and reports ITAR-TASS with messages for 31 December 1999.
In the archives of the Museum contains tens of thousands of documents. “In General, the Museum and archives contain more than 30 thousand items. Among them were 3,600 artifacts, more than 130 thousand photos. Specially for the Museum was shot in two years, more than 130 interviews, 163 are mounted mediaprograms”, – told in the Museum.
During the opening of the Centre on the monitors including broadcast unique record a video interview with Nemtsov, made shortly before the assassination attempt that targeted policy on February 27, 2015 in Moscow.
“He could say, “I’m wrong”
Historical contribution of the first President Boris Yeltsin can be compared with the decisions of the Emperor Alexander II Tsar-liberator. This opinion was expressed by Boris Nemtsov in his last video interview. Interview the creators of the Presidential center of Boris Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg recorded shortly before the assassination policy, said Deputy Director of the center Lyudmila Telen.
“If you compare Yeltsin historically to other leaders of the country, then it certainly is near Alexander II. For me it is quite obvious. They are completely different people, with different fate, but their contribution to the development of the country is identical. And he and the other liberated Russia from slavery, holista. And it’s worth it. These people had the courage to bring freedom to the people, moved the story,” said Nemtsov in an interview.
© Sergey Karpov/TASS archive
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“He could say “I am wrong”. The phrase “Boris, you’re wrong” it always made me laugh. Many times we remembered her. If there are arguments and people willing to Express them clearly, Yeltsin always listened to. He was an important freedom. First, journalistic freedom, freedom to Express their point of view. The second is the freedom of choice, he to the election to be treated as not very pleasant, but unavoidable lesson. And he understood federalism as a certain freedom of regions” – said Nemtsov.
70-minute TV interview Nemtsov recalled the history of political relations with the first President. “Yeltsin in 1994, when I was Governor (Nizhny Novgorod oblast – ed.), for the first time, kind of like jokingly said, “Well, thank God, I’m calm, you can retire, there’s a young lad, Nizhny Novgorod Governor, he will be my successor.” Everyone was shocked,” recalled the politician.
“I perfectly understood that from that moment, the province will have problems. All the bureaucracy in Moscow, which and so not much for me, can close the valves off the field. And indeed, when Yeltsin left the region cut off from all government programs. I then called Yeltsin and told: “Boris Nikolaevich, what you did, you said something there – in the end I have a lot of programs stops”. He: “what to do, who to call?”. To call can, and have someone say, but basically got the whole thing on the brakes, not speed up. And he acted then with restraint”, said Nemtsov.
According to Nemtsov, the question of a successor was raised in private conversations several times. “The second time he this thought became close, when I already work in government. But then we started a war with Berezovsky, Gusinsky, with the oligarchs. And once when he opened a chapel of Boris and Gleb on Arbat square, Yeltsin told me: “I’m tired of you to protect.” One sentence only, without any introductory. Well it was clear to me that this is the end of history”, – said Nemtsov.
The size of the Presidential center is 22 thousand square meters, there are educational and children’s centres, gallery, meeting room, Museum, archive and library. The core of the “Yeltsin centre” is a Museum of the first President of Russia.
The exhibition opens with “the Labyrinth of history”, which introduces visitors to the social and political context of the twentieth century. The route that should be passed to the guests, is through a chain of chambers, each of which is associated with one or another turning point in the country’s history – the coup of 1991, economic reform of 1992, October 1993, elections, the war in Chechnya. Seven turning points, seven days in recent history.
According to the head of the archive of the Presidential center B. N. Yeltsin Dmitry Pushkina, the author of the artistic concept became known Russian Director Pavel Lungin. “Each day is a decision, or some challenge, response. The contrast between what was and became. And here are the seven key decisions, each of which will last for a political biography of any politician, formed the basis of our the main composition”, – said Pushkin.
The history of creation
“Yeltsin centre” established under the Federal law “On centers of historical heritage of presidents of the Russian Federation who have stopped execution of powers”, which was adopted in 2008. According to Lyudmila, teleni on its funding from the Federal budget allocated 2 billion roubles for the purchase of the building in Ekaterinburg, and another 3 billion rubles for its construction.
More than 30 thousand exhibits: all about Yeltsin in the first Russian Presidential center
“Besides, we got 2 billion commercial credit from the Ministry for state property management of the Sverdlovsk region (MUGISA). This is a refundable credit, which we pay a percent,” she said. According to her, “Yeltsin Centre” and used the sponsorship money, the amount of which is not disclosed on the wishes of the donators. “Some of the areas that are adjacent to the center will be rented out. Money Center will go to its development”, – said the Agency interlocutor.
In an open tender for the design involved 20 companies. Russia was represented by the Studio of Artemiy Lebedev. The centre is made in the concept, which was developed by Russian historians, archivists, journalists and writers. The competition was won by the US company Ralph Appelbaum Associates Incorpоrated, which had previously developed the project of the Jewish Museum and tolerance Center in Moscow.
“Yeltsin Centre” nearly 50 sponsors. This well – known politicians, including Vladimir Putin, Dmitry Medvedev, major companies, Russian and Ural businessmen.
Boris Yeltsin was born on 1 February 1931 in a peasant family in the village of Butka, Sverdlovsk region. Upon completion in 1955 of the Urals Polytechnic Institute, Yeltsin three decades he worked in the Sverdlovsk region. Started as a foreman of the trust “Uraltechnostroy”, finished his career at the Urals as first Secretary of the Sverdlovsk regional party Committee.
When assigned to work in the capital, Yeltsin headed the construction Department of the CPSU Central Committee, became Secretary of the Central Committee, then first Secretary of Moscow city party Committee. In 1987 Yeltsin has been displaced from their positions and returned to politics only in March 1989. Then, gaining more than 80% of the vote in the first democratic elections in the country’s history, Yeltsin became the people’s Deputy of the USSR.
In 1990 he was first elected on an alternative basis by the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. In the same year, announced its withdrawal from the CPSU.
On 12 June 1991 by popular vote elected the first President of the Russian Federation, received in the first round more than 50% of the vote. 3 July 1996 Boris Yeltsin was re-elected to the presidency, having received second round support for nearly 54% of voters. Yeltsin on 31 December 1999 announced the resignation, early folding of the powers, and finally retired from politics. Died the first President of Russia 23 April 2007.