MOSCOW, November 25. The Association of retail companies (ACORT) said that the possible difficulties with supplies of fruits and vegetables from Turkey in connection with the enlarged regime of inspection of cargo in the port of Novorossiysk can cause problems with the provision of food retail in Russia. About this informed the head of the ACORT Presidium Ilya Lomakin-Rumyantsev.
The participants of foreign economic activity in the port of Novorossiysk previously reported about the tightening of inspection rules. In particular, it is specified that all imports from Turkey is sent for 100% inspection. According to the participant of the market, customs office informally advises importers of perishable products is to look for suppliers from other countries.
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Russian regions refuse to purchase Turkish products
“This is another factor that, unfortunately, in the autumn-winter period may result in some problems with the provision of fruit and vegetables grocery chains. Catastrophe, probably will not, but the amount of Turkish products is quite significant. After the introduction of embargo on products from the EU, Turkey has become one of the active participants of the Russian market. Although Russia reduced the import of Turkish fruit and vegetables due to the fall of the ruble, the index of fruit & vegetable imports from Turkey remained at the level of $1-1. 7 billion per year in monetary terms”, he said.
The share of the Novorossiysk port of all imported fruits and vegetables to Russia accounts for 20% of bananas, 80% of tomatoes and 80% of citrus.
While Turkey is the main supplier of tomatoes and citrus in this area. Turkey accounted for almost all (a small fraction of Israel’s and Egypt) import of tomatoes (about 250 thousand tons per year total for RF) and half citrus (more than 2 million tons total in Russia), experts in the industry.
A quarter of the imports of citrus fruit coming from Turkey
According to the Federal customs service (FCS) of the Russian Federation, for ten months of current year imports of agricultural raw materials and food from Turkey to Russia amounted in monetary terms, about $1 billion, which is 20% less than in the comparable period in 2014. In 2014, the import from Turkey to the Russian Federation remained at the level of 2013 and amounted to $1.7 billion.
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Basically, Turkey is lucky in Russia, citrus and tomatoes, which account for almost half of Turkish imports in Russia, reported the press service of the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation.
During this year Turkey imports to Russia of about 250 thousand tons of citrus fruits, a quarter of the total volume of these products imported into Russia, said the office. Also Russian imports of Turkish grapes (10%), sunflower seeds (5%), a small amount of different vegetables and fruits, confectionery, fresh fish.
Overall, the Turkish import in the total Russian imports of agricultural products and food during the reporting period was 4.3%.
Retailers prepared to find a replacement for Turkey
Trade networks have not pointed to supply disruptions due to increased screening procedures of Turkish goods in the port of Novorossiysk.
“We will monitor the situation in the following weeks. We are now entering a very important new year period, and many vegetables and fruits (which, including, are supplied from Turkey) are very important on the holiday table. We will respond very quickly and adapt as quickly as possible (under new conditions)”, – told reporters the General Director of Metro Cash&Carry in Russia Boris MINALI, answering the question of whether the retailer expects the deficit on the shelves of Russian stores due to the introduction of intensified control of Turkish goods.
The situation is closely monitored by the retailer Dixy.
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“Problems with deliveries from Turkey to our network per day there. No cases in our example, we are not able to show and confirm. By sea is a large amount of vegetables and fruits from Turkey, so we are very closely monitoring the situation,” – said the official representative of the group of companies Dixy Catherine Kamanina.
According to Mineola, Turkish vegetables and fruit make up 25% of total sales of Metro in Russia in that category. Turkey was among those alternative suppliers who replaced vegetables and fruit from the European Union and with the introduction of predamage, he recalled. Then in a short time the company has switched to products categories fresh from Serbia, Israel, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and other countries.
“I would not want the imposition of economic sanctions between Russia and Turkey. But if it happens, we can assure that adapt quickly,” – said the head of Metro in Russia.
According to Rumyantsev-Lomakina from the HSE, if the situation with the delay of supplies will last long enough, the networks will have to look for suppliers from the southern hemisphere. After the introduction of predamage networks have found alternative suppliers in a reasonably short time, said Lomakin-Rumyantsev.