EKATERINBURG, November 25. The President of Russia Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, who arrived in Yekaterinburg for the opening of the Presidential center of Boris Yeltsin, almost an hour was paid to the inspection of the exhibition dedicated to the first President of the Russian Federation.
© Pavel Smertin/TASS archive
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Accompanied by his wife of the first President of Russia Naina Yeltsin the they walked all the halls of the Museum, listened to a detailed story of Yeltsin’s daughter Tatyana Yumasheva.
At the end of his visit, Medvedev gave the Center an album dedicated to the visit of Yeltsin in Leningrad in March 1991. It contains copies of newspaper articles, photographs, snippets of the transcript of the meeting between Yeltsin and a delegation of the Leningrad city Council.
The head of the Russian presidential administration Sergei Ivanov, also toured the Museum with the leaders of the country, stressed its uniqueness, scale, and noted the importance of emergence in Russia of the tradition of a presidential centers.
Before visiting the exposition Putin and Medvedev looked quite a long film about the history of the Russian state since the times of the Novgorod Veche, and to the present day, performed with the use of modern computer technologies in order to attract the attention of the younger generation. The epigraph to the film was the phrase that democracy was born in Russia before the monarchy. The documentary ends with the coming to power of Boris Yeltsin.
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Yumashev showed the guests some unique documents from the family archive, including the record of the interrogation of father Yeltsin, who was dispossessed and repressed. In the Museum a number of photographs, preserved since his student years Yeltsin, his records and timesheets, which he led during operation of the plant.
The President and the Prime Minister could see that was flat Yeltsin in the days of the 1991 coup. The Museum arranged one of the rooms of this apartment with real furniture and a TV that is “Swan lake”.
The Museum has many unexpected exhibits, for example, on one of the walls are portraits of all the people, according to Yumasheva, Yeltsin considered as the heirs or who thought of himself as such.
The Museum used all the possibilities of interactive technologies, many of the exhibits can be touched, to feel like a participant in the events of those years.
After viewing the exhibition Putin and Medvedev was photographed with the staff of the Yeltsin center and the first left record in the book of honorable guests.
The Museum exposition is organized on the principle of “seven days” where each day is associated with a turning point in the history of modern Russia. The idea to organize the exhibition belongs to the famous Russian Director Pavel Lungina.
The Museum opens the “Maze” room, which is dedicated to the history of the Yeltsin family against the background of events of the twentieth century. Then begins a series of halls under the title “Seven days that changed Russia” – they talk about the first President of the Russian Federation, about the Yeltsin era.
The first room is called “the first Day. We are waiting for changes!” – about the beginning of perestroika and the role played in it by Boris Yeltsin. Here you can learn the extent to which the conflict between the party leaders – the future President of Russia and the future Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev who changed the course of Russian history, what actually was contained in the famous speech of the first Secretary of the Moscow city Committee of the CPSU and comrade Yeltsin than his original statement differed from the many counterfeits distributed through samizdat.
One of the unique exhibits of the hall’s handwritten letter to the Secretary General of the CPSU Gorbachev, dated September 19, 1987. In the letter, Yeltsin explained his request for resignation and the withdrawal of candidates to Politburo membership.
© Sergey Karpov/TASS archive
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The second day of the exposition of the Museum is devoted to the August 1991 coup. It is about how Yeltsin and his closest supporters took the removal of the President of the USSR Gorbachev from power, as was the resistance to the putsch, what was your reaction to what is happening, the wife and daughter of the President of the Russian Federation. The exposition of this hall reflects the atmosphere of those dramatic days. Visitors can feel themselves at the barricades, which were erected on 19 August, the defenders of the White house.
The third day is called “Unpopular measures.” In this hall visitors can enjoy interactive game “Make your voucher”: everyone has the opportunity to exchange your voucher for the shares, sell them with the “benefit” or “hide in the locker”. Those who don’t remember, looked like stores of the early 90-ies, will be able to walk along the empty shelves, the renovated hall.
Hall “Day four” is called “Birth of the Constitution” and tells about the events of October 1993. Photos and documents presented in this room, help them to understand how worried the Russian President critical situation of those days and how hard it a tough state decisions.
“The fifth day. Vote or lose” includes the real materials of election campaign of Yeltsin in 1996. They give the answer to the question, what arguments convinced Yeltsin to go to the next presidential election, and how exhausting the work was let to the first Russian President to become the winner of the race.
Hall “the sixth Day. Presidential marathon” devoted to the second term of presidency of Yeltsin. The exhibits of this hall is reminiscent of the beginning of a second term – with hospitals and heart surgery. Three months after assuming the office of President for the first time in the history of the country the head of state has reported problems with health. On November 5 the brigade Renata Akchurina has successfully operated on Yeltsin.
This hall contains materials relatives and friends of Yeltsin, which allow you to feel the gravity of a situation of the President and the enormous risks associated with the surgery. However, a few days after Yeltsin continues on its marathon presidential trips around the country, meeting with foreign leaders, the controversy with Parliament, which had nearly ended in impeachment.
“The seventh day” in the exhibition entitled “farewell to the Kremlin.” In this room you can learn all the details of the transfer of presidential power after Yeltsin, 31 December 1999 announced his resignation. In the hall fully restored study of Yeltsin, here everything is authentic – the office actually moved to the Museum from the Kremlin.
Exhibit number one in the final part of the exposition is the real “nuclear briefcase”, which is officially called “Mobile remote control nuclear capabilities “Cheget”. Similar exhibits in other museums of Russia.
The culmination of the Museum is the hall of Liberty – a platform for open discussion on civil rights and freedoms in Russia. You can hear what the word “freedom” for a variety of people – from former President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma to the actress Leah Akhedzhakova, the US President bill Clinton to TV presenter Ivan Urgant, from the writer of Michael Zhvanetsky to musician Andrei Makarevich. Special Studio in this room gives each visitor the opportunity to record their own opinions on the video would later appear on the screens of the hall.
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“Yeltsin Centre”. Dossier