MOSCOW, December 3. The President of Russia Vladimir Putin will deliver his annual address to the Federal Assembly, which outlined his vision of the main directions of development of the country in the coming year and beyond.
This message will be the 22nd in the latest Russian history and 12th for Putin.
© Mikhail Japaridze/TASS
The annual message of the President of Russia to the Federal Assembly. Dossier
According to tradition, the event will begin at noon Moscow time in Georgievsk to a hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace. In addition to parliamentarians from the state Duma and the Federation Council, on delivering the message invited members of the government, the chairmen of constitutional and Supreme courts, the Prosecutor General, the head of the Central electoral Committee, audit chamber and the Public chamber, heads of regions, other high-ranking officials, heads of major denominations and representatives of the media.
The speech broadcast live on television and radio.
The duty of the President to read out the message, which assesses the state of Affairs in the country and main directions of internal and foreign policy, defined by the Constitution.
The President always personally pays much attention to the training of the Epistle, working on the text, the main messages and ideas. As reported the President’s press Secretary Dmitry Peskov, Tuesday and Wednesday this week were the main days in this work (which did not prevent Putin to travel to Crimea in the late evening the day before the announcement of the message).
© Alexey Druzhinin/press-service of the President of the Russian Federation/TASS archive
The message of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly since 2000 in numbers. Dossier
The head of the Kremlin administration Sergey Ivanov, in turn, stressed that it is the desire of the President depends, as accents, “when he read the outline of the draft message and will make adjustments”. “And more often he does it with his own hand in the literal sense”, – said the head of the presidential administration of the Russian Federation.
Thus, according to Putin, “the message is the result of collective work”. “No government, no Central Bank it can’t be done on a high professional level”, – said the head of state.
The content of the document
In the Kremlin traditionally do not disclose the content of the message before its announcement. And this time the President’s spokesman immediately rejected the attempts of journalists to lift the veil: “have We ever told (about the themes of the message)? What gives you hope that it will happen this year?” said Peskov.
Thus, commenting on an appearance in the last month of the publication in the press, the representative of the Kremlin has denied some of the guesswork, which is the focus of the message. Thus, in particular, he gave a negative answer to the question will be whether the Central theme of the President’s address to the Parliament, security issues, and whether (in the context of the events around Turkey) raised the issue of the construction of the gas pipeline “Turkish stream”. “Of course, it’s not a matter of figuritively in the presidential address to the Federal Assembly, if you mean one specific project,” in particular, Peskov said.
The expectations of parliamentarians
Their expectations about the content of this policy document is, and the parliamentarians will be brought to the message.
Thus, state Duma speaker Sergei Naryshkin believes that the message to the Federal Assembly “will be balanced”. According to him, Putin will act with the suggestions associated with external challenges (primarily terrorism) and the solution of internal tasks. Among the latter Naryshkin called to stimulate economic growth, support for entrepreneurship, protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, the legal consciousness of the Russians and their social protection.
The speaker of Council of Federation Valentina Matvienko considers that, among other priorities internal and foreign policy of the President will affect the upcoming elections to the state Duma in 2016.
In turn, the leader of the CPRF Gennady Zyuganov hopes that the President will touch on the theme of education. “The defence and security without high-quality science and education does not happen” – said the leader of the Communist party.
First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on defense and security Franz Klintsevich expects Putin “the most unexpected of moves, including in the field of internal policy”. According to the Senator, all the measures “will be offered in the context of further consolidation of Russian society”. Vice-speaker of the state Duma Andrey Isaev (“United Russia”) expects that the President in his address will speak about his vision for overcoming the economic crisis, will provide answers “to urgent problems of war and peace”, as well as issues of further relations of Russia with Turkey and with Western partners.
The messages are expected not only parliamentarians, but also representatives of various structures and associations. So, Secretary of the Public chamber and co-chair of the Russian popular Fronde Alexander Brechalov expects that in the message, in particular, will include some suggestions of community members for the development of non-profit organizations in Russia.
The head of “Agency for strategic initiatives” (ASI) Andrey Nikitin expects to hear the message theme the support the investment climate and removing administrative barriers.
The attention of the press
The message to the Federal Assembly is considered a major presidential events and call the relevant interest of domestic (Federal and regional) and world media. This time to work in the Grand Kremlin Palace were accredited more than 500 journalists representing various Newspapers and magazines, online media, TV and radio companies, etc. Among them foreign reporters, including from Turkey, China, Europe, USA and other. Last year’s President’s message were accredited journalists 495, in 2013 this number reached 522 people.
Date of President’s speech with a message not fixed and is determined each year depending on the work schedule and the readiness of the document.
Key statements by the President of the Russian Federation in his address to the Parliament
With the first such address to both chambers of the Federal Assembly was addressed by President Boris Yeltsin in February 1994. In the first two presidential terms Putin’s message echoed in spring and summer, when President Dmitry Medvedev date of performance has moved closer to the end of the year. All appeals to the Federal Assembly Putin during his current presidential Board was held in December.
Until 2008, when the annual address was moved in front of the residence of the head of state – George hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace, the event was held in the marble hall of the 14th building of the Kremlin.
Practice of the President to parliamentarians in many countries of the world, Dating back to the throne speech the monarch (at present the throne speech remain in the UK, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands). The President of the United States every year since 1790, says Congress speech “state of the Union”. In France, Italy and some other countries heads of state read out a list of instructions to their governments. In Germany and Austria to the Cabinet of Ministers address chancellors. The Institute requests the President to the Parliament and exists in many countries in the post-Soviet space.
The length of messages of the President of the Russian Federation
The length of messages of the President to the Federal Assembly, the main topics of the presentations. Infographics