KHABAROVSK, December 3. /Corr. Sergey Mingazov/. In Komsomolsk-on-Amur is almost no social infrastructure. The factories of the defence industry, located in town, work with, however they have problems – debt and lack of staff.
© Yuri Spituk/TASS
Putin proposed to extend preferential treatment on a key harbour in the Far East
“I am ready to sign under every word said today by the President regarding my city. Recently in our town was visited by well-known author Eugene Grishkovets. He was just horrified at the state of streets and yards in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The same opinion polls show ordinary people” – said journalists the Deputy head of the Duma from the CPRF Oleg Pankov.
The President of Russia Vladimir Putin set the task of priority development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. According to him, the city should become one of the most dynamic centers of the Far East. “I think that within existing programmes need to concentrate resources and, without delay, be directed at solving the urban problems of Komsomolsk-on-Amur”, – said the head of state, acting with the message to the Federal Assembly.
However, he noted that “municipal and social infrastructure are found here in a state of neglect”. “This also applies to the General appearance of the city, and objects of sport, culture, health care, education,” – said Putin.
The city has not recovered from the 1990s and floods of 2013
The population of Komsomolsk-on-Amur – more than 200 thousand people. It is the third largest city in the far East after Vladivostok and Khabarovsk, he is the centre of production of the defense industry. However in 1990-e years for large enterprises fell on hard times, and social infrastructure of the city, which was owned factories, fell in non-core assets that no one wanted.
© ITAR-TASS/Alexander Semenov
The economy of the far Eastern Federal district of the Russian Federation
On the neglect of urban impact and long tenure of the mayor – the mayor Vladimir Mikhalev, who served in the position since 1996. The regional authorities decided on a change of mayor in Komsomolsk-on-Amur only in 2014, when Mikhalev actually failed work to protect the city from flooding of 2013 and the plan for the construction of housing for the victims.
The new head of the city appointed a native with local aircraft plant them. Gagarin of Area Klimov, and the ex-mayor went to the deputies of the regional Duma.
Residents of Komsomolsk-on-Amur often complain about the poor condition of the roads and courtyards in the city, the lack of modern cultural, entertainment and sporting venues. In need of modernization of education and health of the city. The highest wage – oil refineries.
Debts and lack of staff
The largest in the city and budget for the region and the city is Komsomolsk-on-Amur aviation plant named after Gagarin, a branch of JSC “Company Sukhoi”. Defense and export orders for the company enough, but with contracts for Assembly SSJ-100 (“Sukhoy Superjet 100”) the situation is worse. The plant suffers from a shortage of personnel and placing orders for components on the side – at the enterprises in Russia and in China.
Amur shipbuilding plant was created for the construction of nuclear and diesel submarines, the last few years working on a series of military corvettes for the Pacific fleet (4 order). It is assumed that on the basis of AMK will also undergo repair and modernization of diesel submarines “Varshavyanka”. Despite the presence of orders, the factory is in a difficult financial situation due to high debt load as before creditors and suppliers.
“Amurmetal” for the past few years looking for a strategic investor and manufactures metal, but wanting to invest in a plant yet to be found.
The NZCTU “Rosneft” there are no such problems here successfully complete the modernization of production, however, the timing of entering the Eastern oil pipeline (system “Eastern Siberia – Pacific ocean”) moved for almost three years from the previously announced.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is an engineering Outpost of Russia in the far East, and a competitive social environment should form the basis for the development of the city’s high-tech industries, reported earlier, the Governor of Khabarovsk territory Vyacheslav Shport.
“For us, the Komsomolsk-on-Amur – the key city of the region, a developed industrial center and the industrial face of all the Far East, an engineering Outpost of Russia. But the city has not recovered from the recession of the 90-ies: the city left nearly 70 thousand people, and today, there is a negative dynamics. Leaving a high percentage of graduates majoring in engineering. Entered 8 times less housing in comparison with 1990 year,” he said.
In his opinion, the main causes are non-competitive social environment of the city, weak urban infrastructure development, lowering the quality of life of the population.
Factors of development of the TOR and the defence contracts
According to the Governor of the Khabarovsk territory, the development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur will contribute to the launch of the territory of advanced development (TOR), the state defense order, which in the last 5 years has increased by 2.7 times, growth of demand for civil aircraft, military export contracts.
© District administration of Yakutsk
The territory of advanced development: 9 special zones in far Eastern Federal district
Also require the involvement and support of high-tech industries, creation of the social emergency. It is necessary to develop the airport “Central”, to create a complete system to supply the city with gas, to upgrade the road “Khabarovsk – Komsomolsk-on-Amur”.
In addition, according to the Governor, the authorities need to develop specific approaches for the development of the city aimed at retention of personnel, population growth, improving transport accessibility, creation of favorable conditions in the sphere of health, education, social services.
“The province invests in Komsomolsk. Since 2010, aimed at different goals over 18.5 billion rubles from the regional budget (subsidies, subventions, grants), including in the capital construction facilities to 2.7 billion rubles. But this is not enough” – said Shport.
TOR for high-tech industries
THOR “Komsomolsk” includes two sites in the city, one of them (“Amurlitmash”) is classified as “brownfield” and ready for production, at another location (“Sail”) started the construction of infrastructure (road), the completion term in 2017.
The main investor of the platform, “Sail” is “Epsilon-2” (SC “Energy”), which has received the resident certificate. Its investments are estimated at 7.7 billion roubles, the project will be implemented in 2016-2017. It plans the production of aerospace components by request of JSC “Company “Sukhoi” – details of the frame and Radiobiologiya, fasteners, tools. “This is a serious long-term demand, to meet which there is every economic reason”, – said the Governor.
In addition, the top submitted bids for the project on the production of crane and cleaning equipment (JSC “Dalenergomash”), of the project on creation of industrial Park “Amurlitmash” (LLC “CMC Capital”) to accommodate technologies.
“Sectoral plans of import substitution can also be implemented in TOR “Komsomolsk” on the basis of long-term production contracts with state corporations”, – said Shport.
In his opinion, the mechanism of TOR can be an effective instrument of economic development, but “not fully adapted to comprehensively address other important tasks of the city.”
Private investment in THOR “Komsomolsk” is estimated at the first stage in the 10-15 billion rubles, the infrastructure costs are about 2 billion roubles. The regional authorities also defended the idea of creating a “social core” of the TORUS, which includes school of engineering, children’s medical center, sports facilities and other social facilities, the cost of which was estimated at 6.5 billion rubles.