SIMFEROPOL, December 16. /Corr. Elena Bogdanovich/. Crimea completes first full year of living in the status returned to Russia in the region. He has already established new connections with other subjects of the Russian Federation, and also built good relations with a number of prominent foreign politicians.
The issues of transport accessibility and energy security, are still pain points for the Crimea, which many now jokingly called the “island”.
From 1 January 2015 in the Crimea began operating a free economic zone (SEZ) with preferential taxation and subsidies to compensation of certain costs for residents. All the authorities have signed more than 100 treaties on the entry into the FEZ. Is the implementation of a number of major investment projects. Interest in the business in Crimea and show foreigners, including the German business.
Crimeans are willing to endure temporary difficulties
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The situation in Crimea
© ITAR-TASS/Alexey Pavlicek
Crimean pine, which the locals bought for the New year, were red-listed
Novak: Crimea continues to partially receive the electric power from Ukraine under the contract
Putin from the Kremlin gave the command to start the second leg of the power bridge to Crimea
Putin will deal with the supply of the Crimea
Sharp for Crimea’s relations with Ukraine, blocking the Peninsula in many different ways. Meanwhile, the Crimea thanks to a powerful Federal support from Moscow continues to grow both economically and culturally. A couple of years – and it will not depend on Ukraine in anything, believe the Crimean authorities. Meanwhile, residents are willing to endure hardship, but would not ask anything about Ukraine.
“Ukraine has blocked the water did not work, blocked the railway failed, blocked vehicular message – nothing happened. The generation we have its not there, and it was understood that the effect of this will be, but coped with these problems. On the other hand, they rallied even more all Crimeans, – said the head of the Crimea Sergey Aksenov in an interview. – Now running an energy bridge from Russia, built a road bridge. Ukrainian products in the stores anymore. So, we broke up completely.”
March 16, 2014 on the Peninsula held a referendum on self-determination, the results of which for the reunification with Russia voted 96,77% of voters of the Republic of Crimea and 95.6% of the Sevastopol. The turnout was more than 80%. However, Ukraine, the USA and the EU refused to recognize the independence of Crimea and its reunification with Russia.
Beginning to break the political blockade of the Crimea put a visit to the Peninsula delegation of the Parliament of France led by Thierry Mariani. Deputies met with the leaders of the Republic, visited the facilities and were able to communicate with ordinary inhabitants of the Peninsula on the streets of Simferopol and Yalta. “The answer to those who tell us that we should not come here, like this: what are you afraid of?” – said Mariani. The French parliamentarians expressed the desire to organize trips to the Crimea for their colleagues and unanimously voted for the lifting of sanctions against the Crimea.
Putin and Berlusconi toured the exhibits of the Museum reserve “Chersonese”
11 September 2015 at the invitation of Russian President Vladimir Putin in Crimea with a private visit by former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. He showed the Khan’s Palace in Bakhchisaray, Yalta embankment and were treated to wine in the cellar “Massandra”. During the visit the reserve “Chersonese” Berlusconi supported the idea of creating a historical and cultural center of Christianity.
“If President Putin deems it necessary, I will be ready to direct here Italian architects and to bring Italian plants”, – he said.
Current Italian politicians decided to keep up with the former Prime Minister. Their intention to visit the Crimea for the second time confirmed the leader of the party “Northern League” Matteo Salvini. His colleague, Gianmatteo Ferrari during a trip to the Peninsula in November of 2015 reminded that the party was among the first who recognized the Crimea part of the Russian Federation. “Crimea is a land where can live many different peoples. And it can be an example for other countries. “Northern League” was among the first who recognized the Crimea part of Russia. Now every day we reaffirm all that we saw, when he came to the Crimea,” said Ferrari.
The leader of the Japanese socio-political organization “Isshiki” Mitsuhiro Kimura after the annexation of Crimea to the Russian Federation visited the Peninsula four times. In this year the delegation of Japan observed additional elections in regional and local parliaments as well. “I think that in the Crimea, even to some extent, more transparent and more democratically organized elections than in Japan,” Kimura told reporters during a visit to one of the polling stations. He proposed to create in Japan a cultural center where could you to know about Crimea and its residents. Such organization that provides the Crimea with the culture of Japan, it was decided to establish on the Peninsula.
The issue of transport accessibility is now one of the sore points for the Crimea, which many now jokingly called the “island”. This is due to the fact that the communication by land is between Ukraine and Crimea trains, buses and trucks. This “blockade” organized by former leaders of the Majlis and joined them activists of the banned in Russia “Right sector”.
Aksenov: Crimeans are waiting for the “Christmas miracle”
To resolve the issue should the Kerch bridge. Actual construction will begin after completion of all examinations, preparations are under way. In addition to technical conducted on-site archaeological work. Scientists have already found tens of thousands of fragments of ancient ceramic vessels in the Kerch Bay in preparation for the construction of the bridge.
The construction of the bridge across the Kerch Strait provided by the Federal target program “Socially-economic development of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol until 2020”. The project involves the construction of two parallel bridges under the road and rail traffic. The final construction cost has not been determined, said earlier to journalists Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak.
The government contract for the design and construction of the bridge was signed on 17 February 2015 between PKU “Federal highways “Taman” and the company “stroygazmontazh”. In December of 2018 will complete construction and be opened to traffic on the bridge in the operating mode. In 2019, after the completion of all commissioning works and landscaping, the bridge will be put into operation. According to the forecast, the number of tourists in the Crimea with the commissioning of the bridge will increase from 4 to 8-10 million people a year.
More than two million inhabitants of Crimea were left without electricity, and, therefore, without light and heat, in late autumn – on November 22, Ukrainian activists began a blockade of energy, undermining support all four lines feeding the grid of the Peninsula. However, the complexity of electricity was reported just for 2-3 hours, does not undermine the confidence of the Crimeans in the choice that was made in March 2014.
Fueled Patriotic sentiment, and enter the first leg of the power bridge from the Krasnodar region on 20 days ahead of schedule. The ceremony was attended by President Vladimir Putin. This news was a pleasant surprise for residents of the Crimea, which brought the hashtag “Svetach” at tops you’ll ever need. He continued the combination of “Crimea is ours”, which entered into the everyday life of Internet users during the referendum on self-determination of Crimea.
December 15, earned second circuit power bridge, which would provide about 200 MW. Now through the Kerch Strait in the Crimea will receive more than 400 MW, the same amount will give the second phase, which will be launched before the summer of 2016. After that needs to be severed contracts with Ukraine for the supply of electricity, which are not executed: at the moment works only one of the four lines (also may be out of date!), supplying a total of 150 MW.
To ensure uninterrupted electricity to consumers and businesses Crimea is necessary to 1350 MW. Now own generation gives the order of 400 MW. Significantly change the situation with the construction of two thermal power plants with capacity of 940 MW. According to the new Minister of fuel and energy of Crimea Svetlana Borodulina, they can be introduced not earlier than in one and a half to two years.
FSB in Crimea is investigating a criminal case against the organizers of undermining the power lines on the territory of Ukraine under part 2 of article 281 of the criminal code “act of Sabotage”. As explained earlier, the Prosecutor of the Republic Natalia Poklonskaya, the suspect faces up to 20 years in prison. From the announcement of the specific names she had abstained, adding that suspects can be put on the international wanted list.
The national question
“The gift we never from anybody did not take anything”: started the first circuit of the power bridge to Crimea
One of the most controversial topics for Crimea remains an ethnic issue, which is trying to exploit the former leaders of the Mejlis. They argue about the oppression of the Crimean Tatars, but the facts say otherwise – for the first time in support of the deported 70 years ago people, billions of dollars.
As told the Vice-Premier of the government of the Republic Ruslan Balbec, unprecedented for the region amounted to more than RUB 2 billion and to solve some urgent problems. The money building housing for rehabilitated peoples, schools, roads, formed the media – the TV channel “millet” and radio station “Vatan sedasy”.
One of the “litmus paper” policy towards the Crimean Tatars is the Hajj, which this year tried to disrupt the Ukrainian authorities. Despite this it managed to make 322 a Muslim from the Crimea. Next year the quota for Crimeans plan to increase to about double to 600. The price of trips has decreased in two times.
Another illustrative decision is the beginning of the construction of the mosque, which the Muslims of the Crimea waited 15 years. “Constantly there were any obstacles. It was interesting and the group of Mustafa Dzhemilev’s (former leader of the Crimean Tatars). Because the place changed periodically because the rogues of Majlis every time sold to commercial structures the territory as determined under construction,” said Balbec. The money for the mosque has already been collected – 2 billion roubles from extrabudgetary sources.
Among the important measures for rehabilitation of Crimean Tatars is also worth noting that the Crimean Tatar language became the state, and Muslim holidays are made public holidays. “Overall, these facts – the construction of the mosque, the Hajj, the socio-economic and cultural issues – forced to abandon the idea of creating an image of Crimean Tatars as a people-sufferer,” the Balbec.
The economy and investments
From 1 January 2015 in the Crimea began operating a free economic zone (FEZ). It involves a special regime of entrepreneurial activity, including preferential taxation and subsidies to compensation of certain costs for residents. All the authorities have signed more than 100 treaties on the entry into the FEZ.
Implementation of several major investment projects has already begun. Among them – the bookmark of the vineyard a thousand hectares in the form of a map of Russia, reconstruction and technical re-equipment of shipbuilding plant “Zaliv”, the construction of a new terminal building of the airport in Simferopol, cement plant in Kerch, factories for production of men’s shoes in Evpatoria. There are large projects in the field of energy, agricultural, sanatorium-resort complexes.
Interest in the business in Crimea is also shown by the foreigners. In the autumn of the safety work on the Peninsula has convinced German entrepreneurs. By developing various schemes bypass European sanctions, they are ready to start manufacturing led saving lamps, to open the production of concrete, to build a dental clinic.
It is noteworthy that in November in the Parliament of Ukraine registered the draft law on the abolition of free economic zone “Crimea”. Obviously, its mechanisms and so do not work, however, according to some experts, the adoption of this bill will constitute a waiver of the Peninsula. In particular, this opinion is shared by first Deputy head of the faction of the party “Block of Petro Poroshenko” (BPP) Igor Kononenko.