VIENNA, December 16. /Corr. Mikhail Shcherbakov/. Iranian experts in the next two to three weeks will complete the withdrawal of the calender (of the reactor vessel – approx.) on the heavy water reactor at Arak.
IAEA: Iran needs to finish the preparations for the implementation of the agreement with the “six”
This was reported to journalists by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation to the international organizations in Vienna Vladimir Voronkov.
“The Iranians have promised that this work can be done within two to three weeks,” he said. “They say it’s quite doable in a fairly short time,” added the Russian diplomat.
He noted that this aspect of Iran is engaged in cooperation with China and the United States. “There is a formal organizational and technical issues, but from the point of view of realization of all is in normal mode,” – said Voronkov. According to his calculations, “within two or three weeks this question may withdraw from the agenda”.
Reconfiguration of the reactor in Arak is one of the aspects of a comprehensive agreement between Iran and the “six”, which was produced in July 2015 in Vienna. The document specifies that “Iran will not engage in further construction on the existing unfinished reactor on the basis of its initial project” and “will remove an existing calender”. It must also be made inoperable by pouring concrete into it. These measures must be completed before the “day of implementation” Joint comprehensive plan of action (SVPD).
During reconstruction, the reactor will not be able to acquire weapons-grade plutonium. On 16 November the foreign Ministers of Iran and “six” and the EU completed the signing of the document on the reactor at Arak, which implies that the main participants of the project will be organization of Iran, China and the United States.
A surplus of enriched uranium sent to Russia in the coming days
Vladimir Voronkov has informed that Iran in the coming days will send surplus enriched uranium to Russia.
“Logistics is established, it goes through the port of Bushehr, in the next few days will be uploading and sending to Russia,” he said.
The agreement with the “six”
In agreement with the “six” (five permanent members of the UN security Council and Germany) Iran is obliged to be reduced from 10 tons to 300 kg stockpile of enriched to 3,67% uranium. The Iranian authorities took the decision to sell the surplus abroad in exchange for supplies of natural uranium. As previously reported by the Deputy foreign Minister of Iran Abbas Araghchi, in exchange for enriched uranium Iran will have 140 tons of uranium ore.
Limitation of reserves of enriched uranium is one of the mandatory conditions for transfer of agreement on the nuclear program to the phase of “implementation”. By this point, Iran must also dismantle excess centrifuges and place them in storage under IAEA monitoring, leaving the “ranks” only 6.1 thousand units of the first generation. In this case, the enrichment of uranium to levels no higher than 3.67% can be made only on 5060 centrifuges installed at an enrichment plant in Natanz.
The implementation of the Joint plan of action
The Russian side considers it realistic called Iran the timing of the preparatory steps for the transition Joint comprehensive plan of action (SVPD) to the stage of implementation, said Voronkov.
“I’m inclined to believe the Iranian side that they are in the next month ready to complete it,” he said. He predicted, “you can say that in the beginning of next year, most likely even in January, the day of implementation will come, and Iran will begin to exempt from certain penalties”.
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The diplomat also expects the International atomic energy Agency (IAEA) will be able to quickly confirm the fact of fulfilment by Iran of the preparatory steps. “I think not in the interest of the IAEA to tighten. Everything must be thoroughly checked, but to delay the beginning of implementation there is no reason for many reasons,” said Voronkov.
In preparation for the execution SWPD Iran needs to be reduced from 10 tons to 300 kg stockpile of enriched to 3,67% uranium, dismantle excess centrifuges and place them in storage under IAEA monitoring, leaving the “ranks” only 6.1 thousand vehicles of the first generation, but also to dismantle the “core” of the heavy water reactor at Arak and to lead it inoperable.
The creation of the Iranian research center with the participation of Rosatom
Creation on the basis of the Iranian enrichment plant at Ford scientific research center with the participation of “Rosatom” will take more time than previously planned. This was reported today to journalists by the permanent representative of the Russian Federation to the international organizations in Vienna Vladimir Voronkov.
According to him, the execution of that provided for Joint comprehensive plan of action (CITD), step “no associated time limits” and not delay the entry of the agreement on the nuclear issue, in “phase the implementation”.
Rosatom has several times talked with the Iranians about the organization of this production will take some more time than planned,” the diplomat added. However, he stressed that Russia “intends to help the Iranian side to reach the production of stable isotopes as quickly as possible”. Earlier, Deputy foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov also noted that “grounds for concern, worry not.”
Iran and the IAEA: closing the nuclear dossier