UN, December 19. The resolution on Syria, adopted on 19 December the UN security Council, recorded the agreements reached earlier in the negotiations on the Syrian settlement in Vienna. The importance of their international legal fixation was noted by many participants, including the Russian foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
One of the main tasks of the International support group Syria (MGPS) was reconciling two lists: active in Syria, terrorist groups and the opposition’s delegation for negotiations with the government. However, the resolution as adopted, neither the list are not included. Their fate became clear only at the press conference following the meeting of the UN security Council.
The resolution is, lists no
Lavrov: only the “Vienna format” can provide the external conditions for settlement in Syria
On the list of terrorists, Lavrov said that work continues. “Given the rather motley composition of the Vienna group, in which many countries hold diametrically opposite positions, the list was very controversial, said the head of the Russian dipvedomstva. – There are many situations where one country considers a huge number of small terrorist groups, while the other does not consider them as such, she has created her own list”.
However, he added that should clarify the criteria according to which those or other groups of fighters can be considered terrorists.
“For us these criteria will, for example, a regular attack specific organizations of residential quarters of Damascus and other towns, including repeated mortar shelling of the Russian Embassy in Syria, as well as some other obvious manifestations of terrorist behavior”, – gave the example of Lavrov.
According to him, MGPS members agreed that such criteria be formulated. The date when it will be done, he said. So far as terrorists by all participants MHPS recognized the “Islamic state” and “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” (banned in the RF group).
Kerry thanked Lavrov for assistance with setting up resolution on Syria
No and finally approved the delegation of the opposition. As noted by Lavrov, the meeting participants listed all activities that have been held in various capitals, including Moscow, Cairo and Riyadh, in order to unite the whole range opponents of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on the platform of negotiations. Although, according to the Minister, the results were not always unambiguous, participants in these contacts is still called for negotiations with Damascus.
“(The special envoy of the UN Secretary General on Syria – approx. ed.), Staffan de Mistura, to implement resolution of the UN security Council, will take into account all these processes,” Lavrov said.
Meanwhile, the adopted resolution calls on the UN security Council to start negotiations between the delegations of the opposition and the government in early January 2016.
Time is short
However, as pointed out by Lavrov, the main thing in organizing Syrian peace talks – their performance-rather than in strictly defined terms. “We have identified an indicative, aspirational date to early January. But we won’t do her any ultimatum, said the Minister. – The main thing – the content side of things, and it will require additional efforts and the UN team, and all those who will somehow affect the government, the opposition, in order to bring them together and that they have started negotiations”.
The foreign Minister of Jordan: to agree on a list of terrorist organizations in Syria failed
In this situation the perspectives of the other steps within the process of political transition in Syria in certain in resolution, the timing raised questions from the audience at the press conference journalists. Lavrov, however, assured them that in MGPS still hope to reach the formation of the governing body following the talks, the government and the opposition for six months, and the final political settlement – a year and a half.
“Yeah, I guess it’s not something that can be solved in one sitting,’ he admitted. – We want this process dragged on forever, we agreed on a landmark”. “We believe that it is possible for six months to try to reach such an agreement (about the formation of the governing body – approx. ed.), next will be the drafting of a new Constitution is a General recommendation – on the basis of which elections will be held, – said Lavrov. – The whole political process we believe it is possible to put in one and a half years – 18 months approximately”.
At the press conference was called another period – the regular meeting MGPS. As Lavrov said, its members are planning to gather for another round in January, which is expected to be known the composition of the opposition delegation at intra-Syrian negotiations. All previously advertised date of the next contact group was aged.
The spectre of a military solution
At the next meeting of the members MGPS, in addition to the terrorist list, there will be other topics for discussion. As noted Lavrov, differences remain on a number of points – not all participants of the negotiation process refused to even the possibility of a military solution to the Syrian conflict.
“Only the Syrian people can determine the fate of their country, – stressed in this regard the Minister of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. – This principle, all agree, though, I confess, not all abandoned the prior conditions, not all have abandoned their own interpretations of how this principle is possible in practice to realize, not everyone has abandoned the possibility of a military solution to the Syrian crisis that is totally unacceptable for us”.
The UN security Council unanimously adopted the plan of peaceful settlement of the conflict in Syria
Differences remain regarding the fate of Assad, whose departure insist Western countries, including the United States. Here Lavrov recalled the principled position of Moscow: “We cannot in principle agree with some approaches that assume the imposition of any people from outside the decision about who he wants to see his leader.”
To help end the conflict in Syria, many of the participants MGPS can immediately react as a part of their military operations. Here Lavrov especially stressed the need for urgent action to block the Syrian-Turkish border, through which support terrorists. “If we’re talking in principle about external support from various factions that are fighting in Syria, it would be ideal, as has been repeatedly spoken and countries represented here, and many others, to block the border of Syria with Turkey. And I hope that those who work on the land, and those who help them from the air, will address this issue urgently,” he said.
The fight against terror would facilitate and coordinate attacks on the detachments of extremists caused HQs of the Russian Federation and the US-led coalition, But, as noted Lavrov, while contacts between the Russian military and their colleagues from the USA, France, UK continue close coordination of actions against ISIS and other terrorist organizations linked to Russia’s position on the fate of Assad. “It is sad that again we do our common task – the suppression of terror – hostage to the fate of one character”, – commented on this approach Lavrov.
The Russian Minister also stressed that the Russian proposal to the US to coordinate strikes on terrorists still in force.
In General, Lavrov positively, albeit with reservations, praised the progress of the Syrian settlement: “there is Progress, it may be, is not as significant and not as radical as we’d all like, but the situation is very complicated”.
“Islamic state” (ISIS) – an Islamist terrorist organization operating inside Iraq and Syria. Established on 15 October 2006 by the merger of 11 radical Sunni groups. The core group forming the militants, who fought with American troops during their stay in Iraq and with the forces of the government of Bashar al-Assad in Syria.
The IG recognized as a terrorist organization in the USA, Canada, UK, Australia, Turkey, Egypt, UAE, India, Indonesia, and Russia (29 December 2014).