TASS KIT. From 1 January 2016 in Russia come into force several Federal laws or their subsections, as well as some important secondary legislation and technical regulations. have prepared a review that will change for the Russians with the new year.
Under the ban on the import into Russia hit the Ukrainian agricultural products, raw materials and food
Experts: the Russian embargo on Ukrainian goods will not lead to significant consequences
Predamage against Ukraine
From 1 January 2016 effective “food embargo” – a ban on the import of certain agricultural products, raw materials and food from Ukraine.
In the sanctions list of Ukraine entered 13 August 2015, when the government of the Russian Federation expanded the list of countries against which restrictive measures established. However, the introduction of “food embargo” was postponed until the entry into force of the economic part of the Association agreement of this country with the EU until 1 January 2016.
According to statistics, in the first nine months of 2015, the imports from Ukraine to Russia amounted to $242 000 4 000 (15% of the total merchandise exports of Ukraine). According to the Federal customs service, the share of production which has got under sanctions of the Russian Federation amounted to $94,4 million – 3%.
Kiev estimates the losses from the food embargo Russia to $600 million, Moscow announces slight damage to the economy and the consumer.
Economic measures against Turkey
Since the beginning of the year is in effect the main part of the sanctions against Turkey. The relevant law on application of special economic measures, President Vladimir Putin signed on 28 November 2015.
From January 1, will be operational prohibitions or restrictions for Turkish companies for their individual types of works and services; a ban on hiring new workers from Turkey. Re-introduced a visa regime.
Entering into force of the embargo on the import of some food, flowers, and edible salt. Just for January-September 2015 from Turkey to Russia imported these goods for $709 579 000, representing 18,9% of the total value of Turkish exports to Russia. As noted by the Turkish economist, columnist for Bloomberg TV Murat Sagman, the loss of Turkey from the Russian specter
New in the sphere of social support
Compensation to the families of military personnel
Families of missing military personnel will receive compensation. Still a monthly compensation payment (currently – 14 thousand rubles per month) relied only the families of servicemen who recognized dead. Federal law “On amendments to article 3 of the Federal law “On military pay and provide them with separate payments” from 22 October 2014 and distributes payments to the families of the missing servicemen. The payouts will be determined by the government of the Russian Federation.
Will increase the minimum wage
The minimum wage (SMIC) in Russia will grow 4% to 5 965 rubles to 6 rubles to 204 in a month. Relevant Federal law was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 14 December 2015. Thus, indexing should be 4%. The minimum salary necessary to determine the size of temporary disability benefits. The minimum wage is also used to determine the amount of taxes, fees, fines, and other payments. Employers do not have the right to pay the workers monthly wage less than the minimum.
Changes relating to persons with disabilities
The Russian Federation will begin to report on implementation of the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities
The situation of disabled people in Russia. Dossier
Enters into force RF government decree of 11 June 2015 a report on measures taken to implement the obligations of the Russian Federation under the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities. Responsible performer of the report is the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Russian Federation.
Will increase the tax deduction for parents of children with disabilities
Parents of a disabled child can receive a deduction in the amount of 12 thousand rubles from the tax to incomes of physical persons, if they are raising a disabled child under the age of 18 years or a child under 24 years of age with a disability group I or II, studies on internal office of the University or graduate school. Corresponding amendments to article 218 of the second part of the Tax code introduced by Federal law of 23 November 2015.
From January 1, will change the criteria for establishing groups of disability.
They will be set according to the degree of expressed disorders of the functions of the body, caused by trauma, injury or illness (has previously used the criterion “limited activity”, i.e. the loss of the ability to serve themselves, to learn, to work, etc.). Appropriate changes August 6, 2015 submitted by the government of the Russian Federation in “the rules of recognizing a person as a disabled person” of February 20, 2006.
For the first time introduced the concept of “habilitation”, which implies the formation of abilities to household, social, employment and other activities. The law also requires providing people with disabilities unfettered access to all cultural, domestic, transport and other public facilities.
Federal target program “Available environment”
The development of an accessible environment
Federal authorities and authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and municipalities will begin to develop the plans, with exact dates and performers, to ensure to persons with disabilities accessibility to all services and facilities transport, cultural institutions, information and communication, health, education, trade, etc. the Relevant government resolution was signed on 17 June 2015.
Official sites will be accessible to the visually impaired
Authority to ensure the availability of official sites of Federal, regional and local authorities for the visually impaired January 1, 2016 responsibility of the Ministry of communications and mass communications of the Russian Federation. The corresponding changes in the regulations of the Ministry were made on 9 June 2015 in connection with the ratification by Russia of the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities.
Corrective sunglasses cheaper
Sales of sunglasses with the function of vision correction and frames to them will be exempt from value added tax. Federal law “On amendments to article 149 of the Tax code of the Russian Federation” of November 23, 2015, eliminates the ambiguity in the law that allows to sell without VAT corrective glasses, however, extends the tax on lenses with low light transmission.
Changes in employment
Ban “contingent labor”
A ban on the use of “contingent labor” – the work that the employee performs on the orders of his employer, but in the interests, under the management and control of the natural or legal person not being its leader. Previously this term was not used in Russian legislation. He was introduced by Federal law dated 5 may 2014. “On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation” (Tax, Labour codes, employment act, etc.) and the same document is prohibited.
Putin signed a law banning contract labor
The ban is due to the fact that the management companies often used temporary Agency work on a permanent basis, bringing some of the staff from the staff to reduce their costs (outsourcing), or with the aim of attracting foreign workers without registration of necessary quota. Now companies will be able to “rent” staff only on a temporary basis (up to 9 months) and in cooperation with an accredited private employment agencies and firms authorized to engage in activities for the provision of workers.
The relationship between the parties will be governed by the contract under which the contractor temporarily sends its employees with their consent to the customer, and the customer undertakes to pay for these services and to employ workers in accordance with employment contracts.
New rules for employment agencies
Private employment agencies every three years will undergo accreditation in the Fes under the new rules, approved by government decision on October 29, 2015 According to them, the authorized capital of the Agency shall not be less than RUB 1 million, it should not have debts on payment of taxes, etc. fees. The head of the Agency must have higher education and work experience in this area for at least two years during the last three years and have no criminal record.
Changes to fines and tariffs
Discounts on fines
Upon the payment of certain types of administrative fines no later than 20 days from the date of the judgment is “discount” to 50% of the amount of the fine.
Putin signed a law imposing discounts for early payment of certain fines
It will not apply to fines issued for gross violations, e.g., driving intoxicated, a second red light, etc. of the Innovations provided by the Federal law “On amending the Russian Federation Code of administrative offences in terms of improving the collection of fines for administrative violations in road traffic” dated 22 December 2014.
Will rise in price travel on trains of distant message
Joint stock company “Federal passenger company” (subsidiary of JSC “Russian Railways”) decided to increase from 1 January the cost of travel in compartment cars, SV and “Luxury” class, plying within Russia. Prices for these tickets will increase by 5%, but will be differential tariffs in different periods during the year, taking into account the demand of trips.
Tariffs for transportations in the distant message will be below, or equal to the average level for 196 days. Accordingly, in a period of 170 days will be in effect multiplying factors.
Yakunin: the fare in compartment and sleeper carriages in 2015 will grow by 5%
So, the low level of tariffs at 10% below the annual average level provided in the periods from 11 January to 18 February, 24 February and 3 March, 9 March to 28 April, from 1 October to 2 November and 7 November to 16 December.
The tariffs for passenger transportation in cars of a class “Lux” differentiated on the calendar periods 2016 odds will not apply. Passengers of cars of this class will be transported at the average annual rate.
In Moscow and St.-Petersburg will rise in price of public transport
Tariffs for journey in the Moscow municipal above-ground public transport and metro will grow, on average, by 6.9%. Optimized ticketing system from sale will disappear malovodiane “single” tickets for 5 and 11 trips. The “single” ticket for 60 trips will go up from 1400 to 1570 roubles Also will increase the cost of monthly metro pass for students: from 230 to 240 rubles will Not change the price of single tickets for one trip (50 rubles) and travel for 1, 3, 7, 30, 90 and 365 days. The corresponding decree was approved by the Moscow government on 15 December 2015.
The cost of tokens per trip in the St. Petersburg Metropolitan area will increase from 31 to 35 rubles, while the ticket for public transport will rise in price from 28 to 30 rbl. the Corresponding amendments made to the city budget, deputies of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg on November 18.
The carriers themselves requested a tariff increase to the level of inflation to 12.2%, but the city government decided to restrict their queries.
In Moscow will rise in price trains
From 1 January in Moscow will rise in price travel on trains . The decision to raise the cost of the trips was made on 6 December 2015. Regional energy Commission of Moscow. The fare within the city will increase from 30 to 32 rubles, for travel within the “new Moscow”, the tariff is 20.5 instead of 19 rubles per zone. Change of tariffs within the inflation forecast for 2016 and lower limit value for the Russian Federation (10%).
New in the field of media
The state Duma introduces fines of up to 1 million roubles for search engines for violating the “law of forgetting”
The law on the “right to oblivion”
Operators search engines on the Internet will be obliged to stop giving links to information about the users who have addressed to them with the corresponding requirement. Federal law often called the “law on the right to oblivion”, was signed by President of Russia Vladimir Putin on 13 July 2015. For unjustified refusal to remove links to search engines threaten large fines.
The ban on foreigners control the media
Foreigners will be prohibited from owning more than 20% of the shares in the Charter capital of any Russian media, as well as directly or indirectly to control of its founder. Respective amendments were made to the Federal law “On mass media” on October 14, 2014.
Changes in the environmental field
Prohibition of drift nets for fishing
From January 1, prohibits the use of smooth (drift) nets for catching fish, making migrations for spawning. The ban, introduced by the Federal law from 29 June 2015, applies to both industrial production and production in scientific research.
Putin signed a law banning drift-net fishing from 2016
Drift-net fishing is a fishing float in the surface layers of the water fish using nets (the drifters) with a length of up to several kilometers. In such networks in addition to get different fish, marine mammals, birds and other organisms. During this drift-net fishing is called “wall of death”. Drift-net fishing is harmful not only to dwindling populations of salmon, but also sea mammals and birds.
First of all, the law will affect Japanese fishermen who caught fish drift-net fishing in 200-mile exclusive economic zone of Russia. Their income may drop by $200 million (total revenue of Japanese fisheries reserves of about $14 billion).
Creating a Single register on subsoil
Establishing a common Fund of geological information on subsoil, which will include all primary (directly obtained in the process of subsoil use) and interpreted (after processing of raw information) geological information. This provision was amended on 29 June 2015 in the Russian Federation law “On subsurface resources” and certain legislative acts.
The document obliges to take all the information in the Federal Fund of geological information and its territorial subdivisions, as well as in funds of subjects of the Russian Federation. In addition, certain matters related to the copyrights in this field, in particular, repealed the copyright geologists on the results of their intellectual activity.
New in the field of state
The law on the protection of Russian state property
Putin signed the law on the protection of the property of the Russian Federation abroad
Abolished the absolute immunity previously enjoyed in Russia the property of foreign States. Accepted 3 November 2015 the Federal law “On jurisdictional immunities of foreign States and property of a foreign state in the Russian Federation” provides the ability to limit court decision of foreign state immunity, if it applies to the Russian Federation and its property immunity more limited than those offered by the Russian legislation. The law will allow to respond more effectively to threats of arrest of Russian state property abroad.
The civil service reform
From the list of types of state service eliminates the concept of “law enforcement service”. While law enforcement officers will remain in civil service, but their activities will relate to “state service of other types”. In fact, the innovation, the Federal law from 13 July 2015, aims at the simplification of terms in civil service.
In addition, from 1 January to 10% decrease in the number of workers of Central offices and territorial bodies of Federal ministries, services and agencies, accountable to the government of the Russian Federation. The corresponding decree was signed by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on 11 December 2015.
Determination of the effectiveness of legal acts
All normative legal acts in the sphere of entrepreneurial and economic activity will now be evaluated from the point of view of their effectiveness. To this end the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation from 1 January 2016 to 1 July 2017 will be to analyse positive and negative consequences of the adoption of these documents. The corresponding government decree was signed on 30 January 2015.
The Central Bank will increase contributions to the budget
From 2016, the Central Bank Razbudit default to transfer 75% (instead of 50%) of its profit to the budget of the Russian Federation. This change shall come into force on the basis of signed on 4 October 2014 amendments to the Federal law “About Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia)”. In 2014, the profit of the Central Bank amounted to 183 billion rubles, However, by the end of 2015, the Central Bank will pay 50% and not 75%, and 90% of the profits – the relevant law was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 28 November 2015.
Changes in public procurement
Common rules of public procurement
Putin asks to respond quickly to signals of corruption in public procurement
Medvedev approved the procedure for monitoring procurement, which will enter into force in 2017
Golikova: the volume of public procurement in Russia in 2015 is estimated at 25 trillion rubles
From 1 January in Russia will begin to apply uniform rules of development and adoption of normative acts on public procurement by the government of the Russian Federation, authorities of subjects of Federation and municipalities. General requirements for the development approved on 18 may 2015 the decree of the government of the Russian Federation, the regulations of the Federal bodies specified by order dated may 19, 2015. In accordance with the deeds, all the acts in the sphere of public procurement should include the cost of goods, works and services, including the limit price, the order of calculation and justification of the choice of a product or service. Documents submitted for preliminary public review in a Single information system and to be discussed at public councils at the authorities. Legal acts in the sphere of Federal government purchases are reviewed at least once a year.
“Prohibition of luxury”
Officials will be limited to the procurement of goods, works and services with excessive consumer properties or are luxury items. Requirements for procured public authorities or agencies goods and the maximum prices approved by government resolutions dated 2 September 2015. Thus, the cost of passenger vehicles for heads of Federal government agencies and their deputies varies from 1.5 million to 2.5 million rubles, while the power of the car should not exceed 200 horsepower.
The maximum price of mobile phone is 15 thousand rubles. For furniture price is not set, an indicator of their value will be the material from which they are made. For example, managers are allowed to purchase furniture from the array of valuable breeds of wood with leather upholstery and officials levels are lower from less valuable species (pine, birch, etc.) with fabric.
Schedules of public procurement
To act new requirements as to the form and order of the schedule of procurement for Federal, regional and municipal needs approved by the government resolutions dated 5 June 2015. Documents, in particular, it specifies the mechanism for amending the schedules, and the inclusion of information about individual purchases. Rules for development, approval, and maintenance of the procurement plan of goods, works, services for ensuring Federal needs, which also take effect from 1 January 2016, approved by the government on 5 June 2015.
Procurement for public institutions
All Federal agencies will have to form a state order for the provision of public services in accordance with the uniform rules. This requirement was approved by the government resolution of 26 June 2015. In the preparation of public procurement will be considered the main activity of the institution and its needs for relevant services and works. For example, for institutions of secondary professional and higher education, the main criterion will be the results of the admissions and enrolment. To ensure transparency and openness of information all information about services should be posted on the website www.bus.gov.ru and the single portal of the budget system of the Russian Federation.
Russian software for government agencies
The limitation of foreign procurement BY: hopes and doubts
Will appear in Russia the Unified register of domestic programs for electronic computers and databases. Its creation is due to the ban on purchases of foreign software for state and municipal needs, which is imposed by law on the contract system in public procurement. From now on, state agencies will be able to buy foreign software only in exceptional cases: if in the national registry no Russian analogue. Responsible for the maintenance of the register is vested in the Ministry of communications. Corresponding changes were made on 29 June 2015 in the Federal laws “On information, information technologies and about information protection” and “On contract system in procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs”.
New in tax and audit areas
New excise taxes
From 1 January 2016 introduced new excise duties on alcohol products and fuel. Amendments to the Tax code (enacted by Federal law of November 23, 2015) set a new excise tax on wine with a protected designation of origin – between 5 to 13 rubles. per liter. In 2014, when Russia began introduced classification of wines according to the geographic principle, for the development of winemaking in these excise taxes were asked to leave zero.
Also introduced the excise tax on middle distillate (raw material for turbine fuel) and motor gasoline of environmental class below 5 (Euro 5), the production of which from 2016 in Russia is terminated.
Tax incentives in free port of Vladivostok
Come into force amendments to the Tax code of the Russian Federation (signed on 13 July 2015), introducing tax privileges for resident companies of free port of Vladivostok, a new economic zone, launched on 12 October 2015. The company, registered as residents of the port, will be paid within five years after the release of the profitable activity profit tax in the amount of not more than 5% instead of 20%. Residents were also exempt from tax on property and land, they reduced the amount of contributions to extra-budgetary funds.
Vladivostok: Russia’s first free port
Benefits for the SEZ in the Magadan region
On Special economic zone (SEZ) in the Magadan region will be distributed to the tax incentive regime, similar to the priority development areas (Torah) and free port of Vladivostok. Working in the SEZ of the organization will not pay the profit tax in the Federal budget. Benefits introduces the Federal law “On introducing amendments to article 284 and 342 of the Tax code of the Russian Federation” of 23 November 2015.
Routine checks of residents of priority development areas will now be performed jointly by the authorized bodies of state and municipal control, with the consent of the Ministry of the Russian Federation. The corresponding government resolution was signed on 22 October 2015. Under the joint check will not be subject to tax, currency, customs and some other activities of residents.
Dore gold will become minerals
Mining of gold ligature (i.e. alloys of gold with other metals) will need to pay tax on mineral extraction (met). Federal law “On amendments to articles 337 and 342 of the Tax code of the Russian Federation” dated 23 November 2015 resolves a conflict in the law, because of which some of the tax Inspectorate was calculated met based on the volume of gold ore extracted, not only the volume of gold ligature, resulting from artisanal gold mining demanded payment of a larger amount of taxes.
The new law on public-private partnerships
Comes into force a law on public-private and municipal-private partnerships in the Russian Federation. The document, signed on July 13, 2015, establishes the basic concepts and principles of partnership, requirements for the private partner, facilities partnership agreements. Earlier enterprises of this type was not a common regulatory framework in the form of a separate law.
Come into force the regulations of the Customs Union on requirements to automobile, aviation, diesel, marine fuel, as well as the safety of wheeled vehicles. It is forbidden to produce and release into circulation of the fuel below the ecological class 5 (Euro-5). The same environmental standard is introduced in relation to emissions of automotive vehicles. Technical certificate for imported into the territory of the EAEU of the vehicle will now be issued at the border Union. In addition, the planned creation of a unified electronic database of passports of vehicles.
Regulations for dairy products
1 January 2016 will complete the process of entry into force of the technical regulations of the EEU on milk and dairy products. At the same time, according to the Federal law from may 2, 2015. “On annulment of certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation”, terminate the relevant Russian regulations and rules. Manufacturers will no longer be able to call on the packaging of reconstituted milk is just “milk”. Also introduces the concept “dairy beverage”. The process of transition to the new regulations began in 2014, from January 1, 2016 for manufacturers to use containers and packaging with the old labels, do not meet the regulations of the Eurasian economic Union, will face a fine in the amount up to 300 thousand rubles.