Moscow. December 29. High-tech companies in 2015 strengthened leadership in the list of the largest by market capitalization in the U.S. and the world: Apple Inc. retained the top spot, but Alphabet Inc. (parent holding company and Google Android) have significantly closed the gap, for the first time being in second place, writes The Wall Street Journal.
Apple started 2015 with a market capitalization of about $640 billion, increasing in the spring to $750 billion, however, in the last session of the year the market price of the most expensive companies of the world fall below $600 billion because of concerns about demand for the iPhone in the short term.
Meanwhile, Alphabet this year has made a significant leap forward, increasing capitalization by 45% to more than $530 billion.
A remarkable recovery in recent months and demonstrated Microsoft Corp., escaped on the third place with a market capitalization of nearly $450 billion of the company’s Shares has risen this year to marks that were last seen 15 years ago when she owned the title of largest in the world.
The number of U.S. companies that managed to overcome a mark in $300 billion market value, rose to a historical high.
However, not all segments of the situation was so serene: the industry suffered from a sharp decline in oil prices. Exxon Mobil Corp. for the first time in more than a decade is neither the first nor the second line in the ranking of American corporations, ranked by market capitalization. Throughout the years it with variable success struggles with Berkshire Hathaway (an investment and insurance holding company of billionaire Warren buffet) in 4-th position.
The last time Exxon was completing the year at the 5th place in 1999, when it was worth $278 billion, from $604 billion to Microsoft.
Followed Amazon.com Inc., the cost of which for a year has more than doubled to $315 billion the ten largest companies In the U.S. also includes Facebook Inc., General Electric Co., Johnson & Johnson and Wells Fargo Bank.
In the red in 2015 appeared many retailers in the U.S. industry leader Wal-Mart Stores Inc. lost almost 30% of the cost, reducing it to less than $200 billion for the first time in several years. In early 2013, Wal-Mart took the 3-th line.
Companies from other countries appear in the ranking only from the second ten, according to the data of Bloomberg Agency: on December 29 at the 11th place was the largest Chinese Bank Industrial & Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), c 13 th to 15 th place – three Swiss companies: Roche Holding, Nestle SA and Novartis AG.