MOSCOW, December 30. Complex international relations will make adjustments to the schedule of the Russian President for 2016. However, it will not be any less busy or less stressful, especially in the Affairs of Russia the head of state with a surplus.
A difficult year for Putin
Disagreements with the West on the soil of Ukraine, ongoing for almost two years, were released of Vladimir Putin from having to visit the summits “the eights” and Russia-EU, has stopped the practice of annual intergovernmental consultations with Germany. No more talking about similar negotiations with Turkey.
But the participation of the Russian leader’s two largest annual summits of the group of twenty and APEC – is not in question. He will choose whether it is convenient at one time or another to travel to distant countries.
It is unlikely Putin will skip a tour, traditionally held in the fall. In 2016 it will be taking Chinese in Hangzhou. It is a popular tourist town with a population of over 5 million people. His power has assured that the hotel rooms (250 hotels, 26 of which are five-star) is ready to receive the dignitaries. Decided on the Chinese side and the main topics of the meeting is to stabilise the rate of global economic growth and optimization of working mechanism of the “twenty”. The group of twenty leading international forum specializing in global economy and Finance. It includes 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Britain, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Canada, China, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, USA, Turkey, France, South Africa and Sweden) and the European Union.
Asia-Pacific economic cooperation
In 2015, Putin did not go to the APEC summit in the Philippines with a mandate to represent Russia at the forum, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, who visited in this region. To decide what to do in 2016, the President has enough time summit scheduled for November in Lima (Peru). Key topics of the meeting will be trade in services, development of tourism opportunities in alignment with the APEC various integration projects such as the TRANS-Pacific partnership.
The mistress of yet another summit on “Asian track” will be Russia itself. Putin has already announced that in 2016 Sochi will host the summit Russia-ASEAN (Association of South-East Asia). “We hope to reach a mutually beneficial agreement in the field of traditional and renewable energy, emergency response, food security and agriculture in the summit Russia-ASEAN which will be held next year in Sochi,” wrote the Russian leader in the article “APEC: an open, equal cooperation for development”.
Putin called for the establishment of economic partnership of the countries of the EEU, the SCO and ASEAN
In ASEAN, formed in 1967, includes 10 countries in the region. Dialogue partners of ASEAN are Russia, Australia, India, China, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, USA, Japan.
Russia is no less important, and other meetings at the highest level. Them in your calendar-2016, several. So, in the coming year Russia will hand over chairmanship in BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) India, which will hold the eighth summit of this Association. On the agenda of the BRICS New development Bank, in the capital at the beginning of 2016, member countries will list their first contributions. The capital of the Bank at the initial stage should amount to $10 billion Humanitarian project, which, according to the plans, should start the year after the creation of the Eurasian Academy with the participation of Russia, India and China, have own award – analogue American “Oscar”.
Determined the time and place of one annual summit – the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO), comprising China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and will soon include India and Pakistan. The leaders forum is scheduled for September 2016 in Uzbekistan.
In the post-Soviet space
The CIS leaders at the summit in Kazakhstan has signed 16 documents
In the compulsory program of summits in the post-Soviet space consists of three forums: the Commonwealth of independent States (CIS), the Organization of collective security Treaty (CSTO) and the Eurasian economic Union (EEU).
2016 will be a jubilee for CIS – the Commonwealth marks a quarter of a century. Putin has repeatedly stressed that the development of close cooperation in the CIS remains a priority of Russia’s foreign policy. According to the Russian leader, for 25 years the CIS has confirmed its relevance. In the current global economic situation, the CIS “it is necessary to consider a package of measures to reduce the dependence of national economies on external markets and think about the revival of business ties within the Commonwealth”, says the President of the Russian Federation.
Take the jubilee CIS summit ahead of Kyrgyzstan, which assumed the chairmanship in the Commonwealth. Exact dates are not determined yet, but we know that it will be summer-fall. Bishkek has already developed the concept of the presidency, which involves a set of measures in the field of security. The Kyrgyz side intends to propose to the partners to intensify cooperation in the fight against terrorism and extremism, the protection of the state border, and combating organized criminal groups.
The Eurasian economic Union
The organization of the collective security Treaty
As for the CSTO, the chairmanship in it in December was transferred to Armenia. Yerevan has announced that the next CSTO summit will take place in autumn 2016. It is obvious that the main topic will be issues of ensuring international and regional security in response to the challenges of extremism and terrorism.
In the EEU, which includes Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, the presidency from 1 January transferred to Kazakhstan, which will organize a meeting of leaders. However, the presidents of the EEU meet several times a year, so it has been decided that one of the forums in 2016 will be held in the Russian city of Omsk, which will be 300 years old.
Another anniversary in 2016 will have a “Russian Davos” – the St. Petersburg international economic forum (SPIEF). Twentieth St. Petersburg international economic forum scheduled for June 16-18, 2016, and it will be held for the first time on the new site “Expoforum”, and not in the usual “Lenexpo”. Traditionally St. Petersburg international economic forum the President of Russia. It also held meetings with foreign guests of the forum.
The meeting in “Norman format”. Dossier
Putin is a regular participant in the so-called “Normandy format” meeting of leaders of Russia, France, Germany and Ukraine. The Quartet was formed a year and a half ago to search for a political solution in Ukraine and in February 2015 approved a package of so-called Minsk agreements. The deadline for compliance formally expires January 1, 2016, but, as repeatedly stated in Moscow by the fault of Kiev, the implementation of the agreement stalled.
It is not excluded that the heads of the “Norman Quartet” will have again – and again – to hold either a personal meeting or phone calls in the near future.
“A million invitations”
In addition to the multilateral formats in 2016 Putin expects bilateral negotiations. For example, by long tradition, the leader of Russia annually exchanged visits with colleagues from China and India. In 2016 the likelihood is high that Putin’s participation in the summit of “twenty” in Hangzhou and will coincide with the visit to China. Must be the trip of the Russian President to India as the Prime Minister of the country Narendra modi visited Moscow in December 2015.
Above: who most often wrote in 2015
A similar rule annual meetings alternately in one country applies in the relations between Moscow and Astana. The presidents of Russia and Kazakhstan has already played eleven inter-regional forums of cooperation, the twelfth in 2016 should be arranged in one of the Russian regions.
More than a year stretches the story with a possible visit of the Russian President to Japan. An agreement in principle it reached, but the terms are not defined. In November, Putin’s press Secretary Dmitry Peskov said that the Prime Minister of Japan plans to visit one of the regions of the Russian Federation to the Russian President’s visit to Tokyo. Peskov stressed that Putin’s visit to Japan “will be discussed further, to talk”.
As previously noticed, the Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov, “Putin million invitations in different countries, including Japan.” “Putin, too, every leader says – come to Moscow, but this does not mean that the guest will be here tomorrow,” – explained the intricacies of diplomatic Protocol, the representative of the Kremlin.
However, the head of the Russian state have an invitation from Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff to attend the summer Olympics in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro. Putin’s arrival in 2016 and expects Slovenia, which as occasion offers 100 anniversary of the Russian chapel, built in Slovenia in memory of Russian soldiers killed in the First world war. Will be happy to see visiting President of Russia and his colleagues from South Africa and Thailand. About the plans of Putin’s visit to Turkmenistan in 2016, said earlier the Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko. Planned projects of Russia and Iran, so the visit of the Russian President to the country in 2016, did not rule out the first Vice-Premier Igor Shuvalov.
The Kremlin is also preparing for the meetings of leaders of other countries. Among them, for example, the state visit of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg in Russia in 2016. Ushakov also reported that the visit of the king of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud may take place in the first months of 2016.
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In “the obligatory program” Russian domestic Affairs of the President for the year includes meetings of the state Council, various boards and commissions at the head of the state. As reported on the official Kremlin website, the working groups prepare Council meetings at least two to ensure road safety and the development of the construction industry and the improvement of urban planning.
Also several times a year the President receives credentials from new foreign ambassadors in the Russian Federation, awards state distinguished compatriots, gives the rank of the military. Regular meetings of the President with the permanent members of the security Council and the Cabinet of Ministers, parliamentary parties and businessmen, personal meetings with governors. Usually at least once a month he goes on business trips around the country.
One of them can be predicted with a high probability. Tentatively for spring – dedicated to the cosmonautics Day April 12 is scheduled the first launch from a new cosmodrome East in the Amur region. Putin picks the location for the spaceport and supervising the project, hardly misses the opportunity to attend the first start.
Putin is among three of the most influential politicians in 2015, according to AFP