MOSCOW, January 1. Russians today no longer can buy in the shops of the Turkish tangerines, tomatoes, cucumbers and several other fruits and vegetables. Under the ban also froze the chicken, salt and clove flowers, formerly supplied from Turkey. The reason for the imposition of economic sanctions – downed Turkish fighter jet Russian air force su-24 bomber.
The Russian plane was shot down on 24 November and 28 November, the President signed a decree on special economic measures against the Republic of Turkey. Among other things, the document envisages a ban or restriction on imports from Turkey of certain goods. Since 1 January the country will not be able to deliver to Russia oranges, tangerines, grapes, apples, pears, apricots, peaches and nectarines, plums, strawberries, and strawberries. In the restrictive list and vegetables – tomatoes, cucumbers, cauliflower and broccoli, onion. In addition, ban the importation of frozen parts of carcasses and offal of turkeys and chickens. Also outlawed were fresh Turkish cloves and salt.
The place of Turkish products on the Russian market
According to the Russian agriculture Ministry, Russia’s total food imports in Turkey had not so much – 4% by the end of 2014. In monetary terms, shipments fell even without the embargo. Thus, in 2014 the import of food and agricultural products from Turkey to Russia at least remained at the previous year – 1.7 billion dollars. But in the first 10 months of 2015 the import of products from Turkey decreased by 21.2% compared with the same period of 2014 and amounted to $ 1,035 billion.
Most noticeable for Russians, especially in winter, could be the disappearance from the shelves of Turkish mandarins and fresh vegetables. Just fruit and vegetables (and nuts – but the embargo does not apply) were the main import items from Turkey. According to the Ministry of agriculture, the share of Turkish vegetables accounted for 20% of the total volume of supplies of vegetables to Russia and a quarter from the total volume of imported citrus.
However, the Russian authorities believe that the disappearance of Turkish plant products does not lead to shortages on the shelves – to replace the outgoing supplier will be able other countries. As said earlier the head of Ministry of industry and trade Denis Manturov, to replace Turkey can, for example, Egypt and other “friendly” to Russia of the country. According to the Minister of agriculture of Alexander Tkachev, the import of vegetables, primarily tomatoes, the Russian Federation will be able to replace supplies from Iran, Morocco, Israel, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and imports citrus imports from South Africa and Morocco, Argentina and China.
The only “non-food” product, caught in the embargo list – carnation flowers. But here problems with the replacement at all. According to participants of the flower market, Turkey provided not more than 3% of the total quantity of imported cut plants.
Fears of rising prices
The authorities have also stated that the loss from circulation Turkish products will not lead to higher prices, especially as the retailers had more than a month to find alternative suppliers. However, in late December, the FAS promised to monitor the price situation on the market. Surveyed retailers and food producers have stated that they will continue to restrain prices in the conditions of prohibition of supply of certain goods from Turkey. In addition, the Rusprodsoyuz Association noted that the decline in consumer demand, the price increase is unprofitable to anybody from participants of the market.
FAS warned about the inadmissibility of the growth of prices in connection with predamage against Turkey
The list could be broader
As noted earlier, the Minister of agriculture Alexander Tkachev, in the embargo list did not include some types of food, for which Turkey is the largest supplier for the Russian Federation. For example, the ban not affected the supply of figs and hazelnuts, which are used in the confectionery industry, as well as fructose, used in the production of baby food.
Also the list does not included the spices and ingredients for the food processing industry, and fish products. Although initially the fish included in the proposed list, according to the Federal Agency for fishery. Thus, according to estimates by the Ministry, Turkey’s share in total supply of fish in Russia is small and does not exceed 3%.
Will be destroyed Turkish products?
As of 1 January 2016, the question remains open about the possibility of destruction of imported Turkish products, by analogy with European sanctions. After all, when was the decision made about the destruction of the sanctions of products from the European Union (from 6 August 2015) and other countries sanctioners (USA, Canada, Australia, Norway) on the Russian border, President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on special individual economic measures. However, the Turkish products, which have been banned since 1 January, under the scope of this document is not yet covered.
The head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova did not preclude disposal of prohibited Turkish products. At the same time, the products from Turkey can be destroyed if hit on the territory of the country as impersonal – that is, as products whose origin is not confirmed or is questionable. The Rosselkhoznadzor on December 30, 2015 have proposed to the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation to initiate a change in the rules of destruction of food prohibited for import to Russia from the USA, EU, Canada, Australia and Norway, adding to the list of countries the Republic of Turkey