Moscow. January 21. Total foreign direct investment worldwide has grown in 2015 by 36% compared to the previous year and amounted to $1.7 trillion. At the same time in Russia it decreased by 92%, according to the world investment report prepared by the United Nations conference on trade and development (UNCTAD).
Last year, global investment has peaked after the global economic and financial crisis of 2008-2009. The United States last year regained its traditional first place in terms of foreign investment, surpassing China with Hong Kong.
The inflow of foreign direct investment in the U.S. economy was $384 billion the U.S. was the leader on this indicator since the early 1980s, when UNCTAD started collecting data on financial flows, until 2014, when the top line behind China.
In the club most investment-attractive countries in 2015 also includes Hong Kong (China), ($163 billion), mainland China ($136 billion), the Netherlands, the UK, Singapore, India, Brazil, Canada and France.
Major factor in the global growth of foreign direct investments was the inflow of funds in industrialized countries increased almost twice. However, this growth was mainly driven by cross-border mergers and acquisitions with a minimum investment in the projects related to productive assets. The volume of such M&A transactions jumped 61 percent to $644 billion.
Investment flows to developing countries, compared with 2014 increased by only 5% and reached by the end of 2015 $741 billion of Investments in Asian developing countries increased by 15%, while for India they had doubled to $59 billion.
The report’s authors find that in transition economies the flow of foreign direct investment decreased by 54%. They associate this decline with the conflicts and the decline of commodity prices. The greatest reduction of direct foreign investments was noted in Russia and Kazakhstan 92% and 66%, respectively.