“Fourth industrial revolution” has become the main theme of the world economic forum in Davos. Countries should actively invest in innovation, said the head of Sberbank German Gref.
DAVOS (Switzerland), 22 Jan.Prime. The world economic forum in Davos has chosen as its main theme the “fourth industrial revolution”, which means acceleration technology to cycle, for whom the world has no time to escape. At the business Breakfast of Sberbank on the theme of “Government in the era of the fourth industrial revolution: ready, willing, able?” forum participants argued that should Russia expect in the new era.
“Fourth industrial revolution is happening before our eyes: the progress of technology has accelerated, innovation and speed of implementation is key to economic success”, — said the head of Sberbank German Gref.
Shown during the discussion, the video stated that the world is on the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution, when artificial intelligence, robots, three-dimensional printing, super arrays of data and unlimited resources to store and access the knowledge to radically change lives.
“Now there is a conflict. We see that already can’t handle the state of the system with the flow of innovation and the flow of changes, even with the adaptation of existing management systems”, — said Gref.
Against this background, countries should actively invest in innovation, stated the head of Sberbank. “The main challenge for States, including for Russia, is that the adaptation of public institutions to keep pace with the events of the fourth industrial revolution, said Gref. “For me, the most difficult story to adapt himself, and then 300 thousand people working in Sberbank”, — he admitted.
In the world of information technology have been five revolutions — the invention of computers, the creation of personal computers, the Internet, social networks, and blockchain, have described Gref.
The Blockchain is the system of organization of the distributed database, according to this technology, in particular, works database, which stores information about transactions of the bitcoin crypto currency. There are expert suggestions on the blockchain to transfer the whole system of registration of rights.
“The Blockchain will change everything, unfortunately, and the public authorities too, I mean unfortunately, because it will be a challenging transformation for all of us, but Dominic (Barton, managing Director McKinsey & Company — ed.) said he would jump, and he will be accompanied by more powerful technological change,” said Gref after the performance Burton.
The development of the Blockchain will lead to liquidation of many government agencies, Gref added, citing the opinion of experts in this field. “These guys say that there were no bodies (registration — ed.) will not… It is more reliable than any state register of rights. The same payment of taxes,” — said the head of Sberbank.
New technology will allow not to collect certificates, but state control over the business will also take place online, agreed the ex-Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin. “For me, the Blockchain means that each person can log in to the database to issue all the necessary documents for the purchase of land, to build this package in an hour, send it to the relevant authorities, within the hour, if everything is confirmed, to receive the answer. This is definitely a revolution,” he described.
“I still dream that when the politician who promises something and stands with the offers, each on your computer will immediately be displayed, whether his statement of the resources that the state has, the scenarios on which it will be possible to go”, — said Kudrin.
Technosphere and refugees
To cancel only future innovation in the pursuit of wrong Blockchain, bet with Gref and Kudrin the head of “RUSNANO” Anatoly Chubais.
“We forget, in fact, the material component of the technosphere that is around us created by man… Without radical changes here mankind simply will not survive”, — said Chubais.
According to him, global warming will lead to increased numbers of refugees in Europe up to 100 million people by 2015.
“Let’s say, Europe can be expected by 2025 and to 100 million climate refugees… That there must be some other solution, new solutions that can help us to escape from this catastrophic risk”, said Chubais.
“Can iPhone or IPad in this case to save us — no, and even Blockchain, Gref, also can’t… We just need new materials with considerably higher strength properties”, — said Chubais.
“If we know that even the best car Mercedez carries five people weighing 100 kilograms, and it weighs 2 tons — that means that its efficiency is 20%… If we are able, at least in half to increase the strength of the base materials, this means that the whole processing chain, starting with the extraction of raw materials, we are able to get huge effect,” hopes the head of “RUSNANO”.