Rosstat: the real disposable incomes of Russians in 2015 decreased by 4%

Rosstat: the real disposable incomes of Russians in 2015 decreased by 4%

MOSCOW, January 25. Real disposable incomes of Russians in 2015 decreased by 4% compared to 2014. Such estimation is contained in the preliminary report of Rosstat.

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In December last year real disposable income compared with the corresponding period of 2014 decreased by 0.7%, while compared with November 2015 rose by 43.4%.

Cash income average per capita in 2015 compared with 2014 increased by 10.1% to 30,311 thousand rubles, while in December 2015 has increased by 11.2% to 45,212 thousand.

Average monthly accrued wages of employees of organizations in 2015, according to Rosstat, amounted 33925 rubles and in comparison with the year 2014 increased by 4.6%, in December 2015 – 42684 rubles, an increase compared to the corresponding period of the previous year by 1.6%.

The increase in the number of unemployed

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The number of unemployed in Russia in 2015, according to preliminary data of Rosstat, amounted to 4,264 million, which is 7.4% more than in 2014. In December 2015, the rate of unemployment amounted to 4,426 million, or 5.8% of the economically active population, a decrease compared to November 2015 by 0.2%. Thus in comparison with December 2014, this figure increased by 9.5%.

At state establishments of employment service as unemployed in December 2015, there were 1.0 million people, including 0.8 million people were receiving unemployment benefits.

The number of economically active population in December amounted to $ 76.7 million, or 53% of the total population of the country, according to data of Rosstat.

Russia’s GDP

GDP of Russia in physical terms in 2015 decreased compared to the previous year by 3.7%. For comparison, in 2014 Russia’s GDP grew 0.7% compared with 2013.

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On Monday the Minister of economic development of Russia Alexei Ulyukayev told reporters that the downward trend of Russia’s GDP in December of 2015, according to preliminary data, has not survived.

Previously Ulyukaev reported that, according to preliminary estimates, the GDP of Russia in 2015 was 3.9%. Last forecast Ministry foresaw the downturn in the whole year at the level of 3.7-3.8%.

The Minister also told journalists that the devaluation of the ruble does not become a driver of growth for Russian economy due to the lack of investment and production capacity.

Turnover in retail trade

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Retail trade turnover in Russia in 2015 year in comparable prices fell by 10% compared to the previous year and amounted to 27.6 trillion rubles.

In 2015, the turnover of retail trade at 91.5% was formed by trading organizations and individual entrepreneurs operating outside the market, the share of retail markets and fairs amounted to 8.5% (in 2014 – with 91.3% and 8.7% respectively).

In 2015 in the structure of retail trade turnover the proportion of food, beverages and tobacco products amounted to 48.6%, nonfoods – by 51.4% (in 2014 47% and 53% respectively).

The production of passenger cars

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The production of passenger cars in Russia in 2015 fell compared with the corresponding figure of the year 2014 by 27.7% and amounted to 1 million 213 thousand units.The production of trucks (including chassis, but without trucks) for the reporting period declined by 14.7% to 131 thousand cars. Over the past year has decreased and the production of buses by 17% to 36.7 thousand.

In December 2015 compared to December 2014, production of passenger cars decreased by 38.9 per cent to 88.4 thousand units, the production of trucks decreased by 1.4% to 14.9 thousand units, bus production fell by 16.2% to 4.3 thousand.

The largest manufacturer of passenger cars in Russia is AVTOVAZ, trucks, KAMAZ

Industrial production in Russia

Industrial output in Russia in 2015 decreased by 3.4% compared with 2014, according to the materials of Rosstat.

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In December 2015 this indicator in annual terms decreased by 4.5%. In comparison with November of 2015 the industrial output in December grew by 7%, according to the Agency.

In the past year compared with 2014 in the segment of mining saw an increase of 0.3%, in the segment of manufacturing industries fell by 5.4%, production and distribution of electricity, gas and water decreased by 1,6%.

Agricultural products

The volume of production of agriculture in 2015, according to preliminary estimates, grew by 3% compared to 2014 and amounted to 5 trillion 037,2 billion rubles This figure includes data for all agricultural producers – from farms to populations of large holdings.

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By the end of 2014, the agriculture market grew slightly more – then growth in production was 3.5%.

According to the Rosstat, the gross grain harvest in Russia in 2015 amounted to 104,3 million tonnes (in weight after processing), which is 1% less than in the previous year. The structure of grain production of 59.2% was wheat (in 2014 – 56,7%), 16,8% – on barley, 12.2% is for corn. On rye in the total volume of grain we had in 2015, only 2% (in 2014 to 3.1%).

The main producers of grain and industrial crops remain selskohozyaystve: their share in grain production in 2015 amounted to 72.6%, sunflower – 70,3%, sugar beet – 88,6%. Farms and individual entrepreneurs in 2015 received 26,4% of the total grain harvest in all categories of farms (slightly more than in 2014 to 25.3%).

Rosstat also reported that at the end of December 2015 the number of cattle in farms of all agricultural producers was estimated at 19 million head is 1.6% less than the previous year.

Oil and coal

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Oil production in Russia has grown in 2015 by 1.3 percent to 533 million tonnes. According to Rosstat, Russia’s 7.9% increase in production of associated petroleum gas to 79.5 billion cubic Primary oil processing amounted to 287 million tons, 2.7% less than the same period last year.Manufacture of gasoline has grown in 2015 by 2.3% to 39.2 million tonnes, of liquefied propane and butane 4.7% to 15.3 million tonnes, of dry stripped gas by 8.9% to 62.8 billion cubic meters.

In addition, in 2015, the decreased production of diesel by 1.1 percent to 75.9 million tons and fuel oil by 8.9% to 71.5 million tons.

Coal mining in Russia in 2015 has increased by 4.5% compared with 2014 year to 372 million tons. While coal production in December fell compared with December 2014 by 1.5%, as opposed to November 2015 – increased by 0.9%.

Construction in Russia

The volume of construction works in Russia by the end of 2015, in comparable prices decreased by 7% compared with the same period of 2014 and amounted to 5,94 trillion. In December 2015 the figure was 834,8 billion rubles, which is 1.5% less in comparable prices than in the corresponding period of the previous year, stated in the message Department.

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Meanwhile, last year by organizations of all forms of ownership built to 11.69 million new apartments, which is 8.2% more than in 2014, according to Rosstat.

The Ministry of construction has not yet summed up official results of the 2015 volume of housing commissioning. In December 2015, the Minister of construction and housing Mikhail Men predicted volume of housing construction at the level of 75 million square meters, which is 11% less than in 2014.

Earlier the Deputy Minister of construction and housing and communal services Oleg Betin told reporters that the Agency predicts the decline in housing construction by the end of 2016 by 20%, if current economic trends persist.

Investments in fixed capital

Investments in fixed capital in Russia in 2015 decreased by 8.4% compared with 2014. In absolute terms investment in fixed capital last year was 14 trillion RUB 5.4 billion.

In December compared with November 2015 investment grew 67.5% to 2 trillion 460,3 billion.