MOSCOW, December 29. At the end of 2015, Russia has stepped up contacts with Iran ahead of the lifting of international sanctions against the country. One of the first officials of the economic block of the Russian government to visit Iran amid talk of lifting sanctions, became Minister of industry and trade of Russia Denis Manturov. About how to develop Russian-Iranian relations after began the process of lifting the sanctions, what new projects are discussing Iran and Russia, which countries in this year’s visit to the Minister and the Ministry of trade and industry defends its program amid budget cuts, Manturov said in an interview.
At the end of 2015 you have been with the business mission in Iran, where it reached a preliminary agreement on a number of contracts between Russian industrial companies and the Iranian side. Now with Iran resolved the main restrictive economic sanctions. Do you expect further expansion of cooperation?
Russian-Iranian economic relations. Dossier
– Any prerequisites to cancel our agreements with Iran now. We, of course, counting on the lifting of sanctions against the Iranian Republic. Thus, the main purpose of our visit was to establish bilateral cooperation, which would have developed even if the sanctions against Iran are preserved indefinitely. Now we focus on the development of trade between countries in the supply of Iran’s main agricultural products. As for Russia – we focus on supply high-tech products is primarily the aircraft. We expect the supply of aircraft SSJ-100. We also hope for the possible participation of Iran’s aircraft manufacturing infrastructure in the production of components for our aircraft MS-21 with the subsequent purchase of this liner. Negotiations continue on other civilian industrial sectors – particularly automotive, plant engineering.
– Is there agreement between Iran and the EEU as part of the FTA?
In February 2014, Iran turned to address the Eurasian economic Commission on the establishment of a free trade zone with member States of the EEU. Following the elaboration of this proposal last year it was decided to establish a joint study group to explore the feasibility of concluding such an agreement. The work group will be to report on the basis of which the decision will be taken on the expediency of conclusion of an agreement on free trade with Iran. At the same time, I would like to note that the decision to form zones of free trade with any country was adopted by consensus and depends on the views of all member States of the EEU. The Ministry of industry and trade always takes an active part in such matters, actively defending the interests of Russian industry on foreign markets.
– What countries in the current year you intend to develop a business dialogue, see what other potential partners and markets?
– We will develop the practice of working visits, business missions and international cooperation. This year we will continue to work with the countries of South-East Asia, particularly with Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia. In late February – early March of this year will take place the business mission to Japan. Another goal for this year is to participate in industrial exhibition in Zimbabwe and to combine this visit with the carrying out of session of the intergovernmental Commission. Perhaps we will visit within a single trip to several neighbouring Zimbabwe African countries. We will also continue to develop our contacts with the European countries, and this is an incomplete list of plans for the year. quite a lot.
– In the government continue to discuss the issue of sequestration: according to the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov, when the price of oil at $ 25 per barrel for the shortfall in income will amount to 3 trillion rubles, and sekvestirovat expenditure by 10% will not be enough. Do you expect that will have to revise the budget structure and what it is in the view of the Ministry of industry and trade? Is it possible to reduce the expenditure on government programs under the supervision of your Ministry?
– I want to draw your attention to the fact that at the present time is not sequestration, and budget optimization. The government pursued similar work in previous years. With regard to further changes to the budget and articles relating to our Department, such scenarios we have not yet discussed. But inside the office we are always involved in prioritizing those areas and industries where we see the point of growth and development.
Currently, no sequestration, and budget optimization
In any case, we will focus on those industries and sectors that will give the maximum multiplier effect – not current, not even next year, but in the medium and long term. Of course, now this will require investment by the state, including financial, to ensure budget revenue for future periods. In particular, the preparation of the strategy of industrial development for the period up to 2030 we are looking at how to ensure tax revenue for 2019-2020.
– Do you predict a deep crisis in the sphere of oil production and oil refining equipment due to low oil prices and the risk of freezing oil projects?
– In previous years a huge amount of purchased goods was accounted for by foreign suppliers. Now we are working with the Ministry of energy, oil and gas companies and engineering unit implement the plans for import substitution. The main point of reference for companies is the shift to local suppliers – therefore we should not have any concerns about the state of the industry oil and gas equipment.
Talked Junius Polyakova