Corruption instead of reform: why are the Ministers of Yatsenyuk


“Professional” out of business

Invited from Lithuania, the Minister of economic development of Ukraine aivaras Abromavicius on Wednesday announced that he had decided to resign. We have acquired the citizenship of Ukraine the official, according to him, have no desire “to be a cover for outright corruption.” According to him, Ukraine has “a sharp intensification of blocking reforms.” “This active work seeks to paralyze us. From the unexpected withdrawal of the protection of the Minister and his family prior to the appointment of questionable characters on my team,” he said (quoted by 112.ua).

Against the resignation of Abromavicius said the ambassadors of European Union countries, USA and Canada. In the last year Abromavicius and a team of professionals took important decisions to promote the tough but necessary economic reforms to help stabilize the Ukrainian economy, eradicate rampant corruption, the statement said the ambassadors of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and USA. Ukraine’s future depends on the work of professionals who put the interests of citizens of Ukraine above their own, it is important that the leaders of Ukraine ceased to defend their narrow interests and continued reforms, the statement said.

President Petro Poroshenko, taking the post in June 2014, among the priorities of its work, called the cessation of the military conflict, the fight against corruption, reform of Ministry of interior, decentralization. Earlier this year he talked about the fact that many of the reforms began to be implemented, drawing attention to the fact that “war has never led to the fact that someone prospered.”

On the website of the National Council reforms, headed by the President, monitored the execution of the reforms to 18 destinations. Implemented according to the schedule there are 12 reforms: judicial, decentralization, deregulation and development of entrepreneurship, law enforcement systems, national defense and security, tax reform, the promotion of the interests of Ukraine in the world agricultural reform, management of state property, financial sector, constitutional reform and reform of public procurement. Implementing all of them is valued at more than 50%, and decentralization on schedule completed on 84%.

At risk are three reforms: update the authorities and anti-corruption, energy reform and education. Considerably behind schedule, the reform of public administration and health care systems.

Steps against corruption

Summarizing the results of 2015, Poroshenko as achievements led the beginning of the work of anti-corruption authorities. For the year since the formation of the coalition government, in Ukraine there were created four special body to fight corruption: the National anti-corruption Bureau, Special anti-corruption Prosecutor’s office, National Agency for combating corruption and the National Agency for search and management of assets derived from corrupt activities. Was accepted and the policy document — anti-Corruption strategy for the years 2015-2017.

However, the full force of all of these authorities have not earned. Thus, the state anti-corruption Bureau is staffed only half — started to work until 70 detectives, reports the website of the Council reforms.

The investigation into allegations Abromavicius may be the first high-profile case of the Bureau. Detectives of the National anti-corruption Bureau of Ukraine started Wednesday the inspection of the facts stated by Abromavicius, concerning possible interference in the work of the Ministry by first Deputy head of the faction “Block of Petro Poroshenko” Igor Kononenko and other people’s deputies, told the Ukrainian news Agency.

A regular critic of the pace of reform, became the Governor of Odessa region Mikhail Saakashvili, whose supporters are considering forming a political party, systematically fighting corruption.

Reform without end

The state reported on the beginning of budget and fiscal decentralization, the introduction of which was the increase in first half revenues to local budgets by 12 billion USD (40 billion rubles). To complete the decentralization process needs changes in the Constitution, but until they are adopted, the process of decentralization is at the grassroots level. “Mostly at the grassroots level — in communities — reform has begun, according to the law on Association of bulks. More than 8% of the communities have already come together. In March there will be elections, and we’ll get to the mark of 10%. A new wave of associations will go from July, when people actually see the results of fiscal decentralization,” — said in an interview with the newspaper “Zerkalo Nedeli” Anatoliy Tkachuk, Director on science and development of Institute of civil society.

Special praise from the President at the final press-conference was awarded to the head of the National police khatia Dekanoidze, who was invited from Georgia. She is responsible for the creation of the patrol police unit responsible for public safety. New patrols earned in Kiev, Odessa, Lviv, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, etc. However, to cover the entire country until a new police force could not.

And stalled health care reform, which had to be also invited from the Minister of Georgia Alexander Kvitashvili. Bills on health care reform, which he submitted to the Verkhovna Rada were blocked by the health Committee. The health Ministry asserts that the leadership of the Committee continued to lobby for their interests and did not understand why the Ministry of health refuses to live under the formula “you — you’re”, in particular, deputies have suggested to the Minister to allocate funds for the programs they lobbied, and he refused.

Kvitashvili wrote a letter of resignation, but the Parliament’s resignation was not accepted. As a result of the conflict was Glad to be obstacles to reform, and Kvitashvili did not understand why his reform was not supported by the Rada, a Ukrainian commentator Oleg Gavrish for the magazine “New time”.

While it is difficult to say which sphere of Ukrainian life was successfully reformed, the successes in this area spoke only Vice President Joe Biden, but in Ukraine, the success is not obvious and not visible, categorical Ukrainian expert Kost Bondarenko.