The privateers against Internet giants: how does the taxi market in Moscow


How many taxi in Moscow?

From 1 September 2011, in order to become legal capital as a taxi driver, you need to obtain a special license. From this moment the license in Moscow received 62 086 persons, follows from the data of the register of issued permits for carrying out activity on transportation of passengers and Luggage automobile taxi. On 3 February 2016 12 almost 800 previously issued licenses were revoked. So, now to provide taxi services in Moscow have the right about 49 300 motorists.

In the middle of 2015 at the meeting of the Moscow government, the head of the Department of transport capital Maxim Liksutov said that in accordance with the adopted state Program number of licenses issued due to 2020 to reach 55 thousand

In 2014, solemnly handing over a 40-strong license to conduct the activities taxi, Moscow mayor Sergei Sobyanin said that the number of legal taxis in Moscow on par with new York. According to CNN, in mid-2015, in new York, there were 13 600 licensed taxis — the famous new York Yellow Cabs, 20 600 cars were tied to the online service Uber.

According to the Department of transport of Moscow, daily taxi services in Moscow are about 260 thousand passengers. The average bill for a taxi ride in Moscow in 2015 was 650 rubles (700 rubles against in 2014). The average time last year was 7-8 minutes after the call, average travel time is 26 minutes, with an average distance of 16.7 km and the average speed of 38.2 km/h.

Who divides the capital’s taxi market?

From the register of registered taxi in Moscow, it follows that valid licenses for this activity have 15 638 individual entrepreneurs (IE) and several hundred legal entities. a year and a Half ago, Sobyanin said that in commercial transportation of passengers in the capital of companies engaged in 758, but the analysis of the registry of issued licenses does not allow to accurately determine their number. The registry contains information about many urlich, which have less than five vehicles, and the main activity is not connected with the provision of public transport services.

Large companies with their own fleet exceeding 600 vehicles, in Moscow, about a dozen. According to the same registry, the largest private fleet — car 2806 — a of the companies belonging to the group Asap. According to SPARK, its owner is the Dutch Holding B. V. Molberg, its beneficiaries are not disclosed. Cars of this company out on line under the brands Nexi and Grandee.

The second largest owner of taxi fleet with cars 2787 is the SALT company, operating under the brand “MSC.Taxi”. On the SALT website States that the company is in the group “Avilon” Alexander Varshavsky. “Avilon” — a major car dealer, most of the fleet “MSC.Taxi” are they selling the Hyundai Solaris.

Another major player in the capital’s taxi group of companies “Commander” (the companies of the group operate on the market under the brands “Commander”, “Swallow” and “2412”). 2044 her own car. According to the data SPARK, owners of the group are Vasily Baranov (41.5 per cent), Oleg gaponyuk (21,6%), Andrey and Natalia Novikov (18,45% each).

The ten largest owners of vehicles also includes a New transport company (brand “New yellow taxi”, 1003 car), “Taxi Rhythm” (890 cars), “city Service” (brand Cabby, 855 cars), “Formula taxi” (660 cars). A private taxi company and the government of Moscow: on balance of JSC “Taxi Moscow” (brand “Mostaksi”) — 696 cars.

How is the taxi market in Moscow?

The work of a taxi in Moscow is regulated by city law, adopted on 11 June 2008. The obligation to obtain a license for this activity was introduced from 1 September 2011. And legal entities, and entrepreneurs such license is issued for five years. Still it is free.

From 1 July 2013, new licenses are issued only to owners of cars that are painted yellow or pasted over with a special yellow film. To the owners of the cars licensed sooner, this requirement does not apply. But July 1, 2018, expiration of the five year license term at the last negentig taxi in Moscow, all the vehicles engaged in these activities will have to be the same color.

A license in addition to legal status ensures taxi drivers a number of advantages over ordinary motorists. For example, they are allowed to drive on dedicated lanes. Also, they put 450 of free metered Parking and free travel insurance.

In addition, the government of Moscow since 2012 is implementing the program of subsidizing interest rate on leasing contract taxi. The program involves the car not more expensive than 1.5 million rubles, not more than five years old, an ecological class not below Euro-3.

How to work in the Moscow taxi aggregators?

The service is an aggregator of cab actually replaces the traditional control room, but can aggregate data about a larger number of cars/taxis. The pioneer of such services in the world was founded in 2010 in San Francisco-based startup Uber, which allowed the user to install the app to your smartphone and use it to call a taxi. In Russia first became aggregator “Yandex.Taxi”, which in 2011 began on its platform to aggregate data of the Moscow taxi pools.

Different apps give the user different information about the upcoming trip: for example, the approximate time and cost. The taxi driver has a separate app for your smartphone or tablet, in which he sees the nearby orders, and customer orders which call it in advance. Some services (e.g., Uber) can increase the rate if the monitoring shows that in some districts the number of orders at a certain point exceeds the number of available machines.

In Moscow there are many taxi aggregators, the largest of them — “Yandex.Taxi”, GettTaxi and Uber. Each of them passenger to pay by credit card (Yandex Gett and also allow you to pay cash). When paying money gets not the driver, and the company, with the driver calculated the service itself after some time. This design allows the aggregators around the world to circumvent national legislation on taxi — to the outrage of traditional taxi companies and the authorities of the countries.

“Yandex.Taxi” originally worked only with taxis (the drivers which have permission to carry passengers), Gett (formerly GetTaxi), only coming to Russia, and worked with private companies — in fact, “fish” without a license, but refused it. Now the service only works with drivers that have a license through the taxi companies or directly with IP. According to competitors, Uber, which entered the Russian market in 2013, first also worked with drivers without licenses, but the company now insists that he collaborates only with legitimate drivers.

Accurate data on the distribution share of aggregators in the Moscow market. Assessment of the General Director of LLC “evrotransservis” (brand “Formula taxi”) Bogdan Konoshenko, who heads the relevant Committee at the Moscow chamber of Commerce and industry, the share of “Yandex.Taxi” may be about 50%, the remaining 50% is divided between Gett, Uber and other smaller services. Uber may account for approximately 10% of the market, he says.

Complaining about taxi drivers?

In Moscow, almost no major companies that work under the classical scheme: hired drivers for their machines, says Andrey Azarov from the company Aerotaxi. Most companies rents cars to private owners, performing the functions of the control room, he said: “On the orders they earn a bit, and on machines for rent — 30-40% per annum”. But the activities of such control and aggregators poorly written in the law, says Azarov: “That the resolution of this question would be to the authorities: to determine the areas and parameters of responsibility of all parties in the taxi market”.

“About 80% of drivers in Moscow have not been placed in a state of taxis, even if they are embodied for them. Most of them are individual entrepreneurs”, — says Alexander Onikienko, head of the taxi companies Take It (1200 cars in the Park). And the prices on the market, he said, dictate the aggregators — Gett, “Yandex.Taxi” and Uber. The main claim to mobile services — low rates and fees. In February 2015, the drivers, working with aggregators, staged a three-day boycott of all three services. To work then went out about 4 thousand drivers, told the Chairman of the public movement “Forum taxi” Oleg Amosov. They refused to take orders, demanding to negotiate new rates and to limit percentage allocations to the owners of aggregators.