The new manual on countering hybrid warfare will set out the actions that the Alliance should take to assist the partners who were under the pressure of a hostile country, writes The Wall Street Journal. Such support, according to the publication, may include the direction of computer experts to fight against hackers, specialists in public relations — to deal with the promotion and placement of a rapid reaction force.
Sources at NATO indicate that the methods of hybrid war is meant to ensure that the Alliance did not use the clause of its Charter on collective defense. Therefore, said the interlocutors of publication, the Alliance must develop a new understanding and improve their ability to make decisions quickly.
“Hybrid war is a combination of different activities,” — said the Czech army General Petr Pavel, head of the NATO military Committee. “Its main goal is to make an impact strong enough, but not enough to trigger article 5 on collective security and thus to perform the tasks, without provoking the response of the opponent”, — he said.
The interlocutors told the WSJ that hybrid threats can take many forms, including support of the political opposition, propaganda broadcasts targeted at ethnic minorities, or steps to limit energy supplies. At the meeting of defense Ministers of the Alliance, which will take place in Belgium on Wednesday, as part of the development strategy they will present for consideration a possible hybrid scenarios that you could encounter in the Alliance.
“This debate is about political decision making that senior managers can understand, what decisions he needs to make and that these decisions often have to be enacted on the basis of incomplete and ambiguous intelligence information” — explained the problem, the General of the air force Philip Breedlove, which is the Supreme commander of allied forces in Europe.
Even after the discovery of the hybrid attacks the decision to send a rapid reaction force will not be easy to accept, affirm the interlocutors of the publication. A source in the leadership of the European Union added that the EU is working to establish a hot line with NATO to share information in the event of a threat. Interlocutors of the edition explained that such contact is critical, as the EU has a variety of diplomatic and economic tools that are not in NATO, such as the provision of assistance for violation of energy supplies and the imposition of sanctions.
Military and Western diplomats accuse Russia of using the techniques of hybrid war for the annexation of Crimea and the creation of a zone of instability in Eastern Ukraine. The representative of Russia to NATO Alexander Grushko said the Alliance uses the threat of hybrid warfare, “in order to justify their activity on the Eastern flank”.