MOSCOW, February 9. Urgent measures for stabilization socially-an economic situation in Russia may require 827,7 billion. This is stated in the draft plan support the Russian economy in 2016, which read.
The implementation of these measures 207,4 billion rubles can be directed from the anti-crisis Fund, 446,87 billion roubles will be allocated from the Federal budget of 39.8 billion roubles – funds of the national welfare Fund (NWF) and the sources for 133,65 billion rubles will be determined by the government in the execution of the budget in 2016.
Support non-oil exports
The project also includes the 25.3 billion rubles for the development of non-oil exports. To increase support for high-tech exports from the crisis Fund will allocate 13 billion rubles to subsidize interest rates to VEB for loans issued in support of high-tech exports.
Eximbank of Russia for the same purposes will be provided 8.4 billion rubles from the Fund. In addition, the VEB will allocate 900 million roubles in the form of asset contribution to improve conditions, support non-oil exports.
Also “Russian export centre” will be allocated 3 billion rubles in the form of subsidies for financing costs associated with the registration foreign markets intellectual property of the Russian manufacturers, the Russian adaptation of products to foreign markets and promotion of high-tech and innovative domestic products. In addition, the document provides for the allocation of extrabudgetary resources 10 billion roubles to provide accelerated development of the ICT industry.
As stated in the document, in particular, support the development and promotion of the Russian software (SW).
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It is assumed that for these purposes will be allocated funds generated by fees of users of the radio frequency spectrum according to the results in 2016 auctions to obtain licenses for provision of communication services. In particular, in February, an auction for LTE frequencies in the range 2570-2620 MHz.
These measures are expected of the developers of the document, will ensure high growth rates of ICT, to increase exports and IT services, create new jobs and reduce dependence on imports in this field.
Also it is planned to allocate 10 billion roubles to support the export of transport engineering. According to the document, the draft provides for the allocation of 10.5 billion rubles from the anti-crisis Fund to support agricultural machinery.
This measure support shall be performed in the 1st quarter of 2016 and is aimed at stimulating demand for Russian agricultural machinery, as well as reducing the burden on the Russian agricultural producers, says the document, seen by the.
Responsible for the execution of this item of the programme, the Ministry of industry and trade, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of agriculture.
Support priority sectors of the economy is estimated at 100 billion rubles.
Also, the draft plan provides for the allocation of up to 2.2 billion rubles of subsidies to industrial enterprises for partial reimbursement of costs for interest payment on loans taken in Russian banks for working capital and (or) financing of current production activity. The source and the final amount of the grant will be determined during budget execution.
The document envisages the allocation of up to 21 billion roubles on support of research and development (R & d) on creation of new products. This measure also includes support for a mechanism to stimulate demand by subsidizing the discounts of the means of production, including special machinery implemented by Russian engineers.
The final amount of investment and source of financing will be determined during budget execution.
The measure is aimed at providing the necessary support to manufacturers of equipment for food industry, road construction machinery and municipal equipment, mining equipment, machine tools. Support is intended to promote import substitution and competitiveness, according to the draft document.
Responsible for the implementation of this measure the Ministry – the Ministry of industry and trade, the Ministry of Finance and economic development. The deadline of April 2016.
To support the automotive industry
However, the program of support of car industry was included in the draft plan to support the economy in full. So, in the project document on the implementation of programs to support the automotive industry it is proposed to issue 88,59 billion rubles from the Russian budget and 49.1 billion rubles from anti-recessionary Fund.
The program is designed to stimulate demand for motor vehicles, to save jobs and to support demand in the Russian automotive market and to reduce the rate of decline of the automotive market. Responsible Ministry – the Ministry of industry and trade, Ministry of economic development, the Ministry of Finance.
Earlier, the Russian government adopted a programme to support the automotive industry in 2016, which also included subsidies for the industry on several fronts with the release of 88,59 billion rubles from the Russian budget and 49.1 billion rubles from extrabudgetary sources.
The program provides systematic support measures in the automotive enterprises and the support measures of demand, such as the renewal of its fleet through a concessional car lending, leasing, trade-in, as well as subsidies of a number of state and municipal procurement
Small business support
45,43 billion rubles is planned to allocate for support of small and medium business. The draft document stipulates that 10 billion roubles will be allocated from the bailout Fund to the creation of new small and medium-sized enterprises and jobs.
This should contribute to the creation and development of centers of excellence in innovation, microfinance and guarantee funds, to support single-industry towns, grants to modernize the production of small and medium entrepreneurship, creation and development of private industrial parks, grants to budding small businesses.
Another 10 billion rubles will be provided in the form of asset contribution to “the Federal Corporation for development of small and medium enterprises” (SME Corporation) to improve the conditions of leasing of equipment by the enterprises of small and average business.
In addition, the state guarantee will be provided by 18 billion rubles, “SME Corporation” for collateral for Bank guarantees issued to small and medium businesses in implementing their investment projects.
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Expansion of measures of support of small innovative enterprises can be directed to 4.43 billion rubles from the Federal budget and 3 billion rubles from anti-recessionary Fund.
These funds, including, can be allocated to enterprises for financial support to potentially successful innovation projects in scientific-technical sphere.
The document also provides for the extension of the single tax on imputed income after 2018 “ensuring the renewal of the taxation system in the form of unified tax on imputed income after 1 January 2018”, – stated in the project. Previously, a preferential tax regime was to be extended only until the end of 2017.
The project plan to support the economy involves “the introduction of tax deductions for small and medium enterprises, reduce the cost of compliance with mandatory requirements for recording data on volumes of production, trafficking and retail sale of goods in automated information systems (AIS)”, the document says.
Interested Federal Executive authorities – the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of economic development, Rosalkogolregulirovanie.
Taxes for the oil industry
The project plan provides support for the economy in the second quarter of the amendments to the Tax code of the Russian Federation concerning the application of the system of taxation of oil production on the basis of the financial result to stimulate the development of deposits (for pilot projects), follows from the draft document.
According to the document, this will ensure involvement in the development of oil deposits, production of which is economically inefficient in the current tax system. Also this will stimulate the increase of oil recovery factor and the rational use of subsoil.
Earlier, the Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation Anton Siluanov reported that the Ministry of Finance will work with the Ministry of energy taxation of the oil industry within 2016. He explained that now there are so many tax regimes that concern the provision of benefits at the initial stage, benefits at the final stage, when the already depleted field.
Under the project, the regular payment for subsoil users, which on its own initiative, extend covered by the license terms of exploration, can be increased in multiples. In turn, for companies that are ahead of the timing of geological studies, will provide multiple size reduction of the regular payment.
According to the draft document, the Ministry of natural resources, the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, Rosnedra to the fourth quarter of 2016 should develop a draft Federal law that will provide stimulation of exploration and speed up the return of subsoil for re-licensing.
The energy Ministry and the Finance Ministry in the last few years led to a debate about a new tax regime for oil fields. The two departments have developed their own, according to experts, hardly compatible concepts.
In particular, the Ministry of energy supported the concept of taxation of financial result (NFR) and proposed to implement it gradually, spending in 2016 the experiment on the “pilots”, including existing fields. The Finance Ministry proposed to introduce a added tax income (JPM), but only on new deposits.
NFR a bill was introduced in the state Duma in 2015, but at the end of this year, the Ministry of energy acknowledged that the bill will not have time to introduce from 2016. Then the Ministry moved on to discuss the single concept of taxation of the industry on the basis of the PDM.
However, it imposes a moratorium on increasing fees for water use, water tax and ekoplaza. “The introduction of a temporary moratorium on raising fees for water use, water tax and ecological payments”, – the document says.
The period of performance measures – 1st quarter of the current year.
The project envisages the increase of subsidies for the upgrading of medical vehicles up to 5 billion rubles. The document notes that renovation of sanitary vehicles due to the high degree of wear can be allocated up to 5 billion rubles (source of funding will be determined during budget execution). Responsible Ministry – the Ministry of health of RF, RF Ministry for economic development, the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, Executive authorities of the Russian Federation.
Relevant Federal law should be prepared in March 2016, a government decree in may. To item will be funded from extrabudgetary sources to be identified during budget execution.
Earlier, the RF government approved the program to support the automotive industry in 2016, which also included subsidies for the purchase of vehicles for emergency care – but in the amount of 3 billion rubles.
VAT on railway transport
We also have the zero VAT for domestic rail transportation. The document States that the falling revenues from this benefit will amount to 11 billion rubles.
“The establishment of VAT in the amount of zero percent of the transport of passengers and Luggage by rail on domestic routes”, – stated in the project.
However, according to the document, RZD can get to 39.8 billion rubles from the NWF for the purchase of locomotives in 2016.
Delay for heavy trucks
The draft plan to support the economy provides for the postponement of the increase of tolls 12-tinnikov on Federal highways, are also included in the document. The document also suggests reducing the tax burden for owners of vehicles with permissible maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes, in terms of the transport tax.
The draft says that there should be extended the validity coefficient of 0.41 to the amount of payment on account of compensation of harm, caused to the automobile roads of Federal value by vehicles, having the resolved maximum weight over 12 tons.
The trucks pay a special tax of 15 November 2015. The rate from then until the present time is determined based on the coefficient of 0.41 to the adopted rate at 3.73 per ruble per 1 km is 1.53 and the ruble. Preferential tariffs were established to facilitate the first phase of the tax burden on business. from 1 March 2016 until 31 December 2018 heavy trucks had to pay to 3.06 ruble, 1 January 2019 3.73 per ruble.
When this was discussed the issue of keeping discount rate at the level of 1.53 rubles per 1 km.
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The extension of the program of subsidizing mortgages also included in the project plan to support the economy by 2016. Total funding of 16.5 billion rubles.
The Ministry of construction of the Russian Federation orally revised the draft plan to support the economy item on the program of subsidizing of housing (mortgage) credits (loans) to purchase real estate on the primary housing market in 2016. The date for launching the indicated second quarter of 2016, in March of 2016 ending the current phase of the program of subsidizing mortgage rates.
Earlier at the Congress of the party “United Russia” Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has proposed to extend the subsidy program mortgage rates. The Minister of construction and housing Mikhail Men have repeatedly advocated the extension of the program. “The mortgage we don’t put without support,” – said the Minister.
The extension of the program of subsidizing of the mortgage until March 2017 could cost the budget up to 16-20 billion roubles, informed the first Deputy Chairman of state Duma Committee on housing policy and housing and communal services Elena Nikolaeva. As of December 2015, Russian banks since the inception of the government program of subsidizing of mortgages issued 173,6 thousand housing credits for the sum 309,2 billion rubles.
Additional capitalization of Rosselkhozbank
Annually may be capitalized in 2016 totaling up to 10 billion rubles, also said in the document. The period prescribed by the plan of recapitalization, in the first quarter of 2016.
Measures of social support
The document also provides for the payment of 5 thousand rubles monthly from netcapital low-income families, said a source in the Russian government. “There are several options, including discussion of lump-sum payments to low-income families and monthly payments in the amount of 5 thousand rubles”, – said the Agency interlocutor.
Earlier, Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev has proposed to preserve low-income families for a one-off payment from the parent capital. He noted that the amount of the payment specified. Medvedev has reminded that from may 2016 at the expense of the prisoner was to receive a lump-sum payment of 20 thousand rubles. He added that we need to make this payment “more targeted and efficient.” “Ready to hold the initiative that it should be a monthly payment to low-income families”, – said Medvedev.
Medvedev: the government will not cut social obligations
However, the re-indexation of pensions in 2016 was not included in the draft plan to support the economy. Not included in the plan a measure of implied deindexation of pensions for a further 8.6 per cent in addition to those already held indexation of 4% from 1 February. When indexing from April 1, would have required 285,6 billion rubles, from August 1 159,4 billion.
A plan to support the economy provides for an increase of the transfer of the FIU in connection with the reduction of insurance contributions. Earlier Finance Minister Anton Siluanov has estimated the funds required money 200 billion.
Indexation of pensions in 2016 could be performed twice, on February 1, pensions will be increased by 4%. Financial-economic bloc in General expressed a position for deindexation of pensions on the background of the difficult situation with the budget, social – indexing in full
Also, the Russian government plans to allocate over 50 billion rubles for provision of free medicines to the citizens in 2016.
In particular, according to the interlocutor of the Agency, provision of medicines for persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it is planned to allocate RUB 21.5 billion
On medicinal maintenance of citizens entitled to receive state social assistance in the form of a set of social services, and compensation expenses related to changes in the exchange rates for the purchase of imported drugs, including those purchased in the framework of the program of state guarantees of free rendering to citizens of medical care, it is planned to allocate 16 billion roubles.
Another 8.5 billion roubles from the budget will be aimed at preserving the achieved level of drug provision to persons suffering from diseases from the list of seven diseases: hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, pituitary dwarfism, Gaucher disease, malignant neoplasms of lymphoid, hematopoietic and related tissue, multiple sclerosis, and also after transplantation of organs and tissues.
Also from the anti-crisis Fund will allocate almost 5 billion rubles on medicinal maintenance of the citizens who have undergone high-tech surgery on the blood vessels in the first year, noted the Agency interlocutor.
The Ministry of construction of Russia has made as a proposal in the draft plan support the expansion of the economy to promote the upgrading of municipal infrastructure by increasing the volume of state support at the expense of means of Fund of assistance to reforming of housing and communal services. Measure of support for industry the Ministry proposes using the appropriate Federal law in the third quarter of 2016.
Volume of financing of state support proposed by the Ministry, is 3 billion rubles, stated in the document. Funds for the implementation is supposed to take anti-crisis Fund. The main objective of supporting the modernization of infrastructures to prevent the deterioration of the quality of services to citizens housing and preventing a significant increase of expenses of citizens on payment of housing and communal services, is written in the project.
Also, the Ministry has made in the draft plan paragraph on the promotion of preferential crediting of capital repairs of common property in apartment buildings, by subsidizing interest rates.
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The measure will help to increase the volume of overhaul of apartment houses and additionally download the construction organization, the document says.
As previously reported, the Deputy Minister of construction and housing Andrey Chibis, subsidized loans for capital repairs proposed to be done by analogy with subsidizing mortgage rates to 12%. He noted that the launch of the program in mid-2016. At this point the Ministry of construction will be collected the cases of successful examples of credit, on the basis of which it will be possible to calculate the volumes of state support, said the lapwing.
Examples of loans for capital repairs in Rostov region, said the Deputy Minister. In the region issued more than ten credits in a variety of types of work – in the amount from 700 thousand to 1.8 million rubles at the rate of 15% per annum. According to the Minister of construction and housing Mikhail men, announced in January 2016 at a meeting in the Federation Council, almost half of residential buildings in Russia in need of major repairs.
Support domestic travel market
The government may send the completion and commissioning of the 28 tourism clusters almost 7 billion. It is assumed that the budget for this project will be allocated 750 million roubles. Planned additional funding of up to $ 6 billion. However, the exact amount and source of additional funding will be determined during budget execution.
Completion of construction of tourist clusters planned as part of measures to stimulate the development of domestic and inbound tourism in Russia in 2016, the project will also create additional jobs.
In the draft document did not specify what clustering is about. According to Rostourism, in the framework of the Federal target program “Development of domestic and inbound tourism in the Russian Federation (2011-2018)” is currently implemented 34 investment projects in 26 regions.
Domestic tourism in Russia in 2015 could grow by 30%, predicted earlier in the Federal tourism Agency. The Agency expects that growth will continue in 2016, including through the reallocation of tourist traffic as a result of the termination of flights between Russia and Egypt, as well as suspend the sale of tours to Turkey. Earlier, Turkey and Egypt were among the most popular foreign destinations for holidays on the sea coast among Russian tourists.
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