President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has called for a “reset” of the government without holding early elections. This is stated in the press service of the President after his telephone conversation with the managing Director of the International monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde, held on Wednesday evening.
Earlier Lagarde warned the Ukrainian authorities about the possible cessation of the assistance programme countries, if the IMF will not see progress of Ukraine in improvement of public administration. In response, Poroshenko on Thursday called on MPs and the government to continue the reforms.
The government crisis deepened in early February, when the resignation of the Minister of economic development aivaras abromavicius, accusing the authorities of sabotaging the reform process and corruption. To resolve the crisis on 16 February, when the Parliament with the government’s report for the year will be performing Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk.
Technocrats vs. politicians
Abromavicius, who announced his resignation on 3 February, the first government Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, who wrote a letter of resignation. It is made already four Ministers — health Minister Alexander Kvitashvili, the Minister of agrarian policy and food Oleksiy Pavlenko, Minister of infrastructure Andriy Pivovarsky and the Minister of information policy Yuriy stets. 4 February in Kiev took place the meeting of the government with the participation of Yatsenyuk, following which the four Ministers had publicly stated that they withdraw their statements. However Abromavicius refused to do so. “I submitted the resignation, and I don’t plan to work in this government,” he said in an interview with the BBC.
Abromavicius was a representative of the group of “technocrats” in the Ukrainian government — the so-called invited to work in the Cabinet of foreigners. Besides Kvitashvili and Abromavicius, the group includes Finance Minister Natalie Jaresko, the Deputy interior Minister Eka Zguladze.
Abromavicius defends the necessity of forming in Ukraine a government of technocrats: “I Think everyone agrees that should be a technocratic government that can bring Ukraine’s success and progress.”
According to the head of one of the departments of economic development Ukrainian Olena Tregub, the chances that the reserve Fund will remain in the current government, no. “He is very determined that they can return to running the country, only if there’s a new breakthrough in the development of our country, and the Parliament will go to make a new government from people who are professional, independent experts,” said Tregub (quoted by “Gromadska radio”). This approach is supported by the West, referred to in the joint statement of the ambassadors of the USA, Canada and the leading countries of the EU. The same wants the head of the presidential administration Borys Lozhkin, who invited foreigners into the country, said earlier the Ukrainian political scientist Vadim Karasev.
The coalition will not miss
The current government was formed through elections in Parliament in October 2014, the Coalition has formed a Bloc of Petro Poroshenko, people’s Front, Samopomich, Batkivshchyna and Radical party, which later withdrew from the coalition. The government was headed by the leader of the “Popular front” Yatsenyuk. The technocrats are foreigners in the government on the proposal of Petro Poroshenko.
Yatsenyuk last week proposed to keep the principle of a single team in government: “we Have the following principle: one for all and all for one. We came as a team, and we will work as a single team” (quoted from the website of the government of Ukraine). The representatives of “Popular front” does point out that if will be supported by the Prime Minister’s resignation, the faction out of the coalition. The collapse of the coalition, in turn, could trigger early parliamentary elections.
According to Ukrainian political analyst Vladimir Fesenko, the probability of resignation of the government of Ukraine exists, but it is unlikely she will be held until will be received the next tranche from the IMF. According to Fesenko, there is a possibility to increase the number of technocrats in the government, if it be the goodwill of the factions of the coalition, however, to find such people, willing to sacrifice political ambitions will be difficult.
On Wednesday, the relevant Committee of the Verkhovna Rada on economic policy took note of the report of the government. In practice, this means that the voting for the resignation of the Cabinet next week, said the MP from the “Samopomich” Victoria Wojcicki (her words results in the publication “Left Bank”). After that, in order to submit for consideration the resignation of Yatsenyuk and government’s need to collect signatures of 150 MPs — 100 collected so far, said the Deputy.
A rating against the government
The resignation of Prime Minister Yatsenyuk is supported by almost 70% of the respondents and the holding of new elections to the Parliament — 50%, showed last week’s poll of the Sociological group “Rating”. The most trusted among the active politicians are the mayor of Lviv and leader of the party “Samopomich” Andriy Sadovy and the Governor of the Odessa region Mikhail Saakashvili trusted by every third Respondent. Every fourth trust ex-defense Minister Anatoly Gritsenko and President Petro Poroshenko.
President satisfied 21% of respondents, the Chairman of the Parliament Volodymyr Groysman — 14%, Prime Minister Yatsenyuk — 8%.
If the elections to Verkhovna Rada took place in January, were elected to Parliament following parties: Block Poroshenko “Solidarity” (16,3%), Opposition bloc (13,8%), Germany (13,5%), Batkivshchyna (12.9 percent), Liberty (8.3 Percent), Radical party (6.5 percent), and DILL (5.2 per cent).