The guide, published today on the website of the Ministry of internal Affairs of great Britain, is intended for researchers who are engaged in growing animals in human bodies or to use the hybrid creatures to explore methods of treatment of human diseases. These researchers also established a Supervisory body that will provide advice on the conduct of ethically ambiguous experiments.
The document was prepared in consultation with the Office for use of human tissues, office of the fertilization and embryology of man and the Academy of medical Sciences of great Britain. Experiments in this area decided to split into categories according to their degree of ambiguity.
Low priority will be given to research which has already become customary such as the use of mice with human cancer tumours to study the influence of drugs. A high priority is set for experiments for which you want to prove their scientific value and ethical acceptability. In this case we are talking about experiments on primates, tissue transplant the human brain in animals, or creating animal resembling a human form.
For experiments, the latter category will require substantiation, what is their benefit for health. As a result, scientists will be able to legally experiment on animals with the brain, “similar to human”, or using animals in human eggs and sperm.
The British government hoped, The Times noted that the simplification of rules for creating hybrids of humans and animals, will make the country a world centre for such studies that can lead to major discoveries aimed at eliminating the shortage of donor organs. The publication explains that the new technology will help in future to grow organs to order in sheep or pigs.
In early February, as reported by bi-Bi-si, the British authorities permitted the modification of the genome of a human embryo using the technology of CRISPR/Cas9. Earlier in Europe intervention for the purpose of modifying genes in the human embryo has been banned.
The permission was issued only for experiments for research purposes to find out how to treat infertility in women and to prevent birth defects and various pathologies in children.
At the end of January in an interview with Scientific American Spanish scientist Juan Carlos Belmonte Izpisua involved in the creation of chimeras with human cells, said that his work has earned the approval of Pope Francis. The official position of the Vatican on this issue are not yet known, the Russian popular scientific edition N+1.