Negotiations instead of fighting
The leaders of all four parliamentary parties — United Russia, the CPRF, “Fair Russia” and LDPR — are negotiating the conclusion of the pre-election inter-party agreement that would allow political forces to fight each other in some districts in Duma elections this fall, said two sources close to the leadership of the lower chamber. The agreement may affect 40 single-member districts: in each of the parliamentary parties will fix the ten districts, which will put forward their most prominent deputies, and the other party will not put up their candidates, retells prior arrangement, one of the interlocutors. It turns out that 40 territories current deputies will oppose only representatives of non-parliamentary parties. Just in the state Duma 450 deputies, half elected by lists and the other half by districts.
“The topic under discussion,” confirmed the Secretary of the General Council “United Russia” Sergei Neverov, but added that “talk about agreements early.”
Talks are at an initial stage, said the Vice-speaker of the state Duma from LDPR Igor Lebedev. “The idea is supported by all parties,” he says.
To receive the comment of the leader “Fair Russia” Sergey Mironov (according to the interlocutor of the Duma, negotiations are going on with it) failed. Other a just Russia said that the negotiations have not heard anything.
To receive the comment of the leader of the CPRF Gennady Zyuganov and the first Deputy speaker from the Communist party Ivan Melnikov also failed.
Why would the parties to agree
Neverov explains the necessity of the agreement that each party have a strong experts in certain areas and “it is important to maintain and preserve”.
“That would be nice, if one single-mandate district will meet Zhirinovsky, Zyuganov, Mironov and Vasiliev? One pass, three stay behind. Anyone doesn’t need it. All want decent people had the opportunity to get into the Duma,” — says Lebedev.
In single-member districts vote more for the person than for the party or who she is, says political analyst Aleksandr Pozhalov. Therefore, according to him, if in one district the parliamentary party will unite around its candidate, that the representatives of small parties have only a slight chance. In the opinion of the Fire, the parliamentary parties are interested in this arrangement, since due to the transition to the mixed system they will lose some guaranteed on a proportional list seats in the Duma, and key figures in the Parliament they need to save.
A source close to the Kremlin, claims that the agreement will lead to the fact that the most powerful representatives of the parliamentary parties will be guaranteed in the lower house, will be required, the government has hit back and in such key positions “will always be able to negotiate”.
In these elections, nobody wants a sharp struggle in the crisis need to ensure that the vote went as quietly, says another source close to the Kremlin administration. “Minimizing expenses and efforts is beneficial to all: power and system opposition, therefore, such an agreement is logical,” he says.
But Neverov argues that the majority party has the most to lose from the agreements, since the United Russia party can nominate strong candidates everywhere. According to him, in those territories where the “United Russia” will give opponents one-mandate districts, the party will fight for places on party lists.
Who will go “easy” districts
Cross-party agreement will apply existing and most valuable for each faction of deputies of the state Duma, and for beginners the agreement does not apply, notes close to the Kremlin source. In the case of “United Russia” it can be such people as the Secretary of the General Council Sergei Neverov, his deputies Andrey Isaev and Sergei Zheleznyak, the leader of the Duma faction Vladimir Vasilyev, Chairman of the Duma Committee on security Irina Yarovaya, co-Chairman of the Central headquarters of the onf Olga Timofeeva, Secretary of the Moscow branch of the party Nikolai Gonchar, the Chairman of agrarian Committee Nikolay Pankov, head of the transport Committee Evgeny Moskvichev and Deputy Chairman of the Committee on constitutional legislation Vyacheslav Lysakov, list two relatives to the leadership of the state Duma of the interlocutor familiar with prior agreement.
From the socialist-revolutionaries in these districts may be proposed by the head of the Committee on housing policy Galina Khovanskaya, zamrukovoditelja of the faction Mikhail Emelyanov, Valery Hartung, responsible for elections in the party, Alexander Burkov, says the interlocutor in the state Duma. However, he Burkov said that I do not see sense in such agreements between the parties.
The liberal democratic party, according to interlocutors , discussing the nomination thus the Chairman of Committee on Affairs of public associations Yaroslav Nilova and the Deputy Chairman of the Committee on science, ex-the candidate in mayors of Moscow Mikhail Degtyaryov. Lebedev said that agreements on candidates and districts don’t have.
From the Communist party can be such deputies as are included in the party Central Committee, first Vice-speaker of the state Duma Ivan Melnikov, Chairman of the Committee on natural resources Vladimir Kashin and chief legal officer of the party, Vadim Solovyov, the interlocutor assumes in the lower house.
But the agreement will not save these people from a possible response from some governors, predicts a source close to the leadership of “United Russia”. “It is likely that if heads of regions somewhere will not be happy with the candidate, they will be able to nominate people from non-parliamentary parties,” he says.
Head close to the Kremlin Fund ISAPI Dmitry Badovsky notes that the coalition agreement confirms the principles established in the current Duma in the framework of the “Crimean consensus”. “The parliamentary party seek to sustain this new level of culture in the political system”, — said the expert.
The arrangement in 40 districts will not only in the elections of the state Duma, knows a source close to the Kremlin. According to him, in many regions to negotiate with the opposition are the governors. “The format of a formal agreement, as in this case, will not, but will be informal agreements. For example, one district Governor in their region allows the opposition, but in others the opposition is seriously not undermining the authorities,” says the source. Because of this intrigue, most districts will be charged in advance, predicts the source.
United Russia and the Duma opposition has repeatedly concluded the inter-party agreement. For example, on elections of the Governor of Vladimir region in the fall of 2013 “Fair Russia” has not endorsed a candidate, but the elected Governor Svetlana Orlova (“United Russia”) in exchange put forward on a post of the Senator from the area of Asara Anton Belyakov. Last year elections of the Governor of the Omsk region, the socialist-revolutionaries also missed, and became the Governor of the United Russia member Viktor Nazarov has nominated the Deputy from “Fair Russia” Elena Mizulina for the post of Senator. Similar agreements were a year ago and with the Communists and the liberal democratic party — United Russia put forward in the Orel region against the Communist Vadim Patomskogo, and in the Smolensk region against the liberal Democrat Alexei Ostrovsky.
But the case of the agreement on state Duma elections is unprecedented and may be fraught with consequences, said political analyst Alexander Kynev. “It’s hard at first to separate the County from “United Russia”, and then it is debated. Arise positional contradictions, ambiguity for the campaign on the list,” he says. In addition, according to him, the formal release of the County for one of the parties is not a guarantee of victory, as regional elites to negotiate multi-layered and not always easy.