The Russian defense Ministry was forced to purchase four additional communications satellite “Meridian” due to the fact that planned on the satellites of new generation “Area-In” was too heavy for available rockets. About this “Interfax” reported in the aerospace industry.
According to the interlocutor of the Agency, the problems with substitution, in particular of electronic components, has led to a significant increase in the mass of devices of type “Sphere-In”.
“It so happened that the current Russia’s carrier rockets “proton-M”, “Angara-A5″ is incapable of leading a high-elliptical orbit satellites of this type in new configuration”, — said the Agency interlocutor.
On 11 February, the newspaper “Kommersant” with reference to sources in the space industry and the defense Ministry reported that the Ministry of defence is compelled to request an additional 14 billion rubles for the purchase of four satellites “Meridian”. One of the sources said that the issue was discussed at a closed meeting chaired by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin.
The interlocutors of the newspaper then said that the defence Ministry needed to buy satellites “Meridian” because of “problems with spacecraft of new generation”, but what kind of problems did not elaborate. According to them, these new machines were to become the satellites of the “Sphere”, the first of which was planned to launch in 2018. The sources also added that due to technical difficulties the launch of the first satellite “Scope-In” has been postponed to no earlier than 2021.
Satellites “Meridian” were developed by JSC “Information satellite systems” named after academician M. F. Reshetnev” commissioned by the Ministry of defense and provide the relation of the Supreme political leadership of Russia. From 2006 to 2014 from the cosmodrome in Plesetsk launched seven “Meridians”, while working only four of them. As was said by the “Kommersant” with reference to unofficial information, with the help of these devices can be, in particular, given the signal for combat use of strategic nuclear forces.
About what to replace the “Meridians” comes the new generation satellites, in 2013, reported the General Director of “Information satellite systems” Nicholas Testoedov.
If the defense Ministry did not return to the project of “Meridian” by 2021, the military risked to remain without a single unit in highly elliptical orbits, marked “b”. The interlocutors of the newspaper said that a return to “Meridians” is only a temporary solution, since the military need reliable communications throughout the Arctic, and these devices do not meet the challenge fully.