KRASNOYARSK, February 20. “Strategy-2030” should be subjected to public discussion, said in an interview with TV channel “Russia 24” Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich.
Russia-2030: raw materials, land, people. The main points of a Business Breakfast on Sep-2016
“We agreed that the “Strategy-2030″ should not be some government document, but a document of the company. It should pass broad public discussion and to be if not a consensus, it is indeed perceived positively overwhelming part of society,” said the official.
The main theme of the day of the Krasnoyarsk economic forum, Dvorkovich called “the need for new program development, first of all, school education”.
“We lost quality at the secondary level and high school,” said Deputy Prime Minister. Changes in the educational system, in his opinion, “will take several years”.
Dvorkovich also noted that Russia needs “a maximum emphasis on private initiative, public initiative and non-profit sector”.
About the changing economic model
The government of the Russian Federation in the preparation of the plan of support of economy is considering the possibility of changing the economic model of the Russian Federation, Dvorkovich said.
The anti-crisis plan 2016 – less money, more action
“In preparation for the anti-crisis plan we are adjusting our model,” he said.
“It is important to adjust policies, plans, management system, so that it was configured on a different model of development, not directly associated with revenues from commodity exports. To make the maximum emphasis on nestroevoy exports, on the occupation of new niches in the global market through new technologies. This contributes to the low rate of the ruble, which was formed at low prices for oil and gas,” Dvorkovich added.
From the beginning of 2016 Brent oil price fell by 14% to $33 per barrel. Russian authorities to discuss a plan of priority measures to support the economy. According to preliminary data, measures 250 billion. The plan includes support for the automotive industry, transport engineering, light industry and housing.
The total cost of activities in support of the economy in 2016 is 880 billion, a portion of them (440 bn) included in the budget.
On regional taxes
For increase of incomes of subjects of the Russian Federation it is necessary to work on improving the administration of regional taxes, he said.
“Given the expectations of relatively low oil prices unlikely to pass a substantial portion of taxes to the regional level, but you can achieve the best of collection of those taxes, which is today,” said Dvorkovich.
According to him, this will contribute to the increase of incomes of subjects of the Russian Federation. “All this growth really be left at the level of regions and municipalities, which may be more important, since municipalities are very depleted in resources”, he added.
“In addition, it is necessary to give regions and municipalities greater opportunities to earn money by charging additional fees from the growing business. Importantly, these charges are not crushing business. If there is growth, development, to obtain additional resources from this growth,” he added.
Earlier speaking at the plenary session Dvorkovich suggested in the context of decentralization of the economy does not sponsor regional budgets by transferring funds from the Federal Treasury into a regional, and to expand the capabilities of the regions to replenish the budget.
“There should be no illusions”
Arkady Dvorkovich suggested that in the context of decentralization of the economy does not sponsor regional budgets by transferring funds from the Federal Treasury into a regional, and to expand the capabilities of the regions to replenish the budget.
Dvorkovich: the government should do what it says is the recipe for growth
“Decentralization – that is, in principle, need to do now. Should not have illusions that we will be able to do, transferring resources, for example, regions or municipalities. We can give them the opportunity to earn, regions can set new taxes, to earn a living and develop their economies, their systems. But we have no resource that we can pass,” said he.
Dvorkovich noted that initially the Russian government was the idea to transfer to regional budgets funds for the development of agriculture in the form of subsidies, but businessmen opposed. “Businesses are asking not to do it, but first to complete the programmes that we have outlined up to 2020. And then already to transfer resources, and agriculture will evolve after reaching certain results more decentralized,” reported the Deputy wishes.
“Resources can be transferred to people, that is to reduce taxes, for example, based on the premise that people are better this resource will use. Will buy the right things, will be to create something yourself. Then, I repeat, is not a transfer region, and transfer of end entities, and to do it in my own way. It has given a green light yet, but it’s something that could be done,” said Dvorkovich.