World: a depressing picture
“The picture we are witnessing is depressing all over the world. Human rights are under threat everywhere, and has threatened not only human rights, but the institutions designed to protect them,” — said at a press conference in Moscow Denis Krivosheev, Deputy regional Director of Amnesty International for Europe and Central Asia, introducing the report of the organization on the situation of human rights in the world for 2015
One of the most dangerous trends is the growing number of victims of military conflicts and refugees. The ability of countries worldwide to respond to crises and mass forced displacement for which the past year has been a crucible, turned out to be woefully inadequate. Today, worldwide more displaced and asylum-seeking people than ever since the Second world war, according to a report by Amnesty International (AI). The outcome has been that more than 60 million people have become refugees, cited data from Krivosheev.
Speaking about the problems with human rights in the world, Krivosheev noted that 34 countries have been attacks by armed groups against civilians, two-thirds of countries violated the human right to freedom of expression, in 57 countries have prisoners, recognized by AI as prisoners of conscience, human rights defenders 156 in 2015, were killed or died in detention.
Russia: strengthening of restrictions
“In Russia in 2015. freedom of expression and peaceful Assembly remained severely restricted, the authorities had a prevailing influence of print and broadcast media, NGOs faced further harassment due to the application of the law “on foreign agents” and put into effect a new law banning “undesirable organizations”, the report said. “Year after year we have to note that everything is on the line, moving down”, — said at a press conference the Director of the office of AI in Russia Sergey Nikitin.
According to the organization, the authorities expanded control over the Internet. This, according to the compilers of the report, follows from the data that Roskomnadzor had blocked thousands of pages and sites. “Most of the ways as to restrict freedom of expression chosen political satire, religious texts, materials, exchanged between LGBT activists and the public protests”, the report said.
As an example, the AI Director of the representative office in Russia Sergei Nikitin told the story of the lock community “Children 404” and the verdict of his Creator Ekaterina Klimova 50 thousand rubles for “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations among minors”.
Pointing to the limitation of the freedom of Assembly, AI cites ban for the first time since 2005, “Demonstrations” — a humorous annual street rally in Novosibirsk and the arrest of its organizer Artema Loskutova for 10 days.
Not respected in Russia and the rights of foreign citizens. AI points to reports of forced returns to Uzbekistan and other Central Asian countries, where they could be subjected to torture and other violations.
The Russian authorities usually do not agree with the conclusions of Amnesty International. The situation in the countries the experts are not without political overtones, and the final document still has a political purpose, said the Chairman of the Duma Committee on Affairs of public associations and religious organizations Yaroslav Nilov. In the list of undesirable organizations of all four organizations, and the Ministry of justice registered 230 thousand NKO, he points out. “We live in difficult times, in the midst of an information war, different NGOs are an effective instrument,” he explains the necessity of introducing legislation on undesirable organizations.
Ukraine: Soviet methods
In Ukraine the situation with human rights in 2015 was also difficult, is recorded in the report. Human rights activists have noted that almost has not progressed the investigation into the killings during the Euromaidan. For that Kiev administration was criticized last year and the experts of the Council of Europe.
Amnesty points to continued war crimes in the conflict zone in the South-East of Ukraine. “Both sides committed war crimes, including torture and ill-treatment of prisoners. According to confirmed reports, the fighters-separatists deliberately killed prisoners”, — stated in the report.
The authors also draw attention to the fact that in government-controlled areas of the country faced harassment, individuals and the media, in which perceived Pro-Russian views or sympathy for the separatists. Journalist Oles Buzina was killed and a journalist from Ivano-Frankivsk Ruslan kotsaba was arrested in February last year after he posted a video on YouTube where required to immediately cease hostilities in the Donbas and called on Ukrainian men to abandon mobilization. “Kotsaba was the first in five years a man in Ukraine, which we called a prisoner of conscience,” said Krivosheev.
According to him, concerns a package of laws on decommunization. “Ukraine is trying to finish with the Soviet past, the Soviet method acting. Was banned the Communist party of Ukraine”, — complains Denis Krivosheev.
AI experts positively appreciated the adoption of the law creating the State Bureau of investigation, which can be an effective measure against crimes of militiamen. Also welcomed the adoption by Ukraine of the jurisdiction of the International criminal court, however, ratified the Statute only upon the end of hostilities in the South-East.
Common to both Russia and Ukraine were violations of LGBT rights.
Strong in the CIS the situation remains difficult, accept Krivosheev. The difficult situation in Azerbaijan, where 18 remain in custody of political prisoners. In Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan there have been attempts to adopt legislation on noncommercial organizations, similar to Russian. In Kyrgyzstan the law on NGOs-foreign agents was developed, but was not yet adopted, also, an attempt was made to introduce punishment for propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations. Kazakhstan has not yet entered into force a law that will establish a Central “operator” on the distribution of funding to NGOs, including from foreign donors.
In Turkey, on the characteristic Krivosheev, in the East the country is essentially a military operation, although the authorities call it a police. She, according to him, is she the-clock curfew for weeks when people can’t leave the house. Curfew was imposed in December of last year in parts of the country, Kurdish-populated regions. According to the Turkish General staff, from mid-December in the districts of the antiterrorist operation destroyed more than 750 Kurdish militants, but Kurdish activists insist that the majority of those killed random victims from among the peaceful residents, writes “Kommersant”.
Disgruntled human rights activists and the situation in Western Europe. So in France after the November terrorist attacks state of emergency was declared, existing until now. It introduced a number of measures, including carrying out searches in homes without a search warrant, forced the stay at the place of residence and the permission to disperse the Assembly or group falling under the broad definition of “participation in actions that violate public order”. Just a few weeks, the French authorities spent 2 700 searches without a warrant, which was filed just 2 investigation on charges related to terrorism (488 cases filed by
charges unrelated to terrorism. Their actions in France was not alone, indicated in the report: new laws for combating terrorism following November’s attacks were proposed for consideration in Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Slovakia.
b NGOs decided to create a body for rassmotreniya and redistribution of aid from abroad, he did not join until wsiu.