The total volume of procurement of state companies and state corporations in 2015 rose by almost a quarter (+23%), rising to over 23 trillion rubles (in 2014 was approximately 17,7 billion rubles), representing more than 30% of the country’s GDP, it follows from the monitoring of the Ministry of economic development of Russia.
About 70% of all acquisitions accounted for by the five largest customers, including the company “Rosneft” — about 20%.
“The total volume of purchases of JSC “NK “Rosneft” is more than 4.5 trillion. RUB and is comparable with the total volume of procurement for state and municipal needs. Such volumes of purchases influenced by macroeconomic indicators and the state of competition in the industry markets”, — the report says the MAYOR.
The main problem of the existing mechanism of procurement for the needs of state-owned companies in the Department is low competition among suppliers. The MAYOR conducted the monitoring showed that more than 95% of procurement (in 2015 at the official website was taken by more than 1.4 million notifications about the purchase) are made on a noncompetitive basis. Thus, the proportion of procurement from a single supplier exceeds 40%, the share of purchases “using other means” — more than 55%, while the share of procurement through tenders and auctions is only 3.3%.
The MAYOR explained that state-owned companies employ more than 3,500 ways to determine the supplier with which often disguise the fact that purchases are made from a single supplier.
“The variety of procurement methods has a negative impact on transparency in procurement and fair competition between bidders, due to difficulties with the preparation of the procurement procedure, creates preconditions for unfair collusion of customers with the suppliers (contractors, performers),” reads the report. According to experts, the MAYOR, the contractual share of trading in 2015 amounted to not less than 25%, and in absolute — more than 3.5 trillion rubles.
On average, in 2015 the state-owned companies each published a notice of purchase by suppliers of 1.2 was only filed applications in one and a half times less than in the procurement for state needs (in 2014 was 1.3 application). The MAYOR noted that this loss of competition may be caused by “negative phenomena in the economy”. The most competitive method of procurement remains the auction (in 2015, participants gave on average 1.6 applications).
According to the MAYOR, heaviest during 2015 in connection with the implementation of major infrastructure projects has increased the cost of procurement of state companies in the construction industry. On buying buildings and paying for their construction spent more than 4 trillion rubles, representing 17.3% of total purchases. The purchase of petroleum products, oil and gas has been spent 4,07 trillion or 17.6% of total purchases.
In mid-February of 2016, it became known that the President of “Rosneft” Igor Sechin and Chairman of the Board “Gazprom” Alexey Miller has suggested Dmitry Medvedev to change the rules of procurement for the needs of state-owned companies, having deduced from-under actions of the law financial transactions, real estate transactions and intra-group transactions.
The basis for the reform was attributed to the publication of information about transactions, prices, and counterparties “provokes the increased cost of credits and has a significant impact on the Russian financial market, causing price changes of currencies and the rates of loans of a speculative nature”.
Later, Kommersant reported that the Ministry of economic development opposes the rule changes. According to the publication, in response, the Agency notes that the application of the law ensures openness and transparency of pricing.