How to reform Parliament
The first in the history of “Ukrainian week” will run in the European Parliament in Brussels until Wednesday. On the first day at the preliminary briefing for members of the European Union and their Ukrainian colleagues member of the European Parliament and former President Pat Cox presented some recommendations on reforming the Ukrainian Parliament.
Cox recalled that the special mission needs assessment (in reforming Rada) was formed last year, and he topped. The mission made six visits to Ukraine, held more than a hundred meetings. According to their results the mission has produced 52 recommendations, twenty of which Cox presented a briefing on Monday. The full report will be published later.
Cox began his report with General recommendations: “the Future depends on building institutions. All have strong personalities, our main message is that all of the necessary institutions. Creating a strong modern institutions will help to face the challenges”.
To improve the work on the creation of laws to the Parliament, the presidential administration and the government needs to think about how to ensure the passage of the bill from first to last stage, said Cox. To increase public participation in the preparation of bills and fill it with a great sense of preparation of special white papers with a broad vision of what, why and how strategy will be implemented, to discuss the public and experts.
Cox also pointed out that of the 2500 bills in Parliament about 2000 written by deputies. Chairmen of committees and parliamentary lawyers told me that they just can’t cope with so many, said Cox. Pointing out that only 7% of the proposals became laws, he invited Ukrainian colleagues to think about how you can reduce the number of bills coming from the MPs personally.
To reduce the quorum
European parliamentarians pointed to the imperfections in scheduling the work of the Ukrainian Parliament. Having studied the order of work, Cox and his colleagues found that the Ukrainian deputies prefer to work in the committees at the plenary session and in committees a quorum is rarely collected. “The result is that your Committee week — it’s a fiction,” said Cox. He pointed to the problems with scheduling discussion, indicating that the budget is discussed in Parliament at the last moment and not only in the current crisis times, but in peaceful years.
Europeans find imperfections in how the conciliation Board. Cox said that he was surprised that the Council come the journalists: “If you have a camera in the room, then everything turns to Hollywood.”
Cox invited the Ukrainian colleagues to also think about reducing the quorum required to pass laws. Now he is 226 people. In Parliament deputies from the Crimea and part of Donbass, said Cox. “We believe that you need to reduce the requirement for quorum,” said the European parliamentarian.
“Of course, for changes of the Constitution it is necessary to have a high quorum, but some laws are not necessary”, — noted Cox. In his opinion, the reduction of quorum for adoption of certain laws may be useful for the development of culture of parliamentarism, as it can lead to the fact that most will be able to get the bills from the opposition that “enriches democracy”.
The Europeans are also proposing to reduce the number of committees in the Verkhovna Rada. The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Volodymyr Groysman (he heads the Ukrainian delegation) prior to the conference, in the video blog has declared that Ukrainian MPs are ready to work, which will help them to change “Soviet” form of parliamentary activity.
The second half of the week, the delegation headed by Groisman will hold in the Netherlands, where the planned meeting with the Chairman of the lower house of the Parliament of the Netherlands, Hadijah Arab and senior Vice President of the upper house of Parliament the Nth Fliermans, as well as with Prime Minister mark rutte and members of the committees on foreign Affairs of both houses of Parliament, reported the press service of the Verkhovna Rada.
In the Netherlands, 6th April will take place the Advisory referendum on the ratification of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union. Citizens are invited to speak for or against ratification. According to opinion polls, particularly the company’s I&O Research, at the beginning of February in the country 38% were going to vote against the ratification, 32% in support.
Representatives of the government of the Netherlands drew attention to the fact that the referendum results are not binding. Published in channel strategy RTL authorities on referendum government Ministers recommended to remind that the referendum is not a referendum on the conflict with Russia or President Vladimir Putin, citizens are urged not to use the referendum as “an opportunity to talk about their dissatisfaction with the EU”.
“Formally we have to take a stand. Although this Advisory referendum, the law requires that the government has established a certain position and presented it to the Dutch Parliament. What are we going to do with the outcome of the referendum — you decide after 6 April, after the vote,” said Rutte in an interview to “Euronews”.