MOSCOW, 1 March. First Deputy head of the presidential administration Vyacheslav Volodin I am sure that in the near future the Russian party will begin to the practice of primary elections to select candidates for the elections (primaries).
“Over time, most likely, we will witness the fact that most parties gradually for themselves will accept this rule (of the primaries) as a way of generating the optimal solution”, – he said at the seminar-meeting on issues of observance of electoral rights.
Volodin suggested that it is “not so far away in time”, explaining that “the interest (to practice in the primaries)”.
At the same time, he considers it premature to raise the issue of legislative consolidation of the procedure of the primaries. According to Volodina, for starters “you have to pass a certain stage”, which involves the identification of the “interest prior to the vote by parties (electoral process)”.
Currently, however, stressed the first Deputy head of the Kremlin administration, “the right to host (the primaries) for the parties, it is their internal decision.” Recognizing that the primaries “there are problems of growth”, including those expressed in relation to the results of the participants, he reiterated that the rule on provisional voting “interesting, the participation of a large number of citizens suggests that it is needed”.
The most liberal system
“The liberal model of political parties is the law on political parties in Russia”, – said the first Deputy head of presidential administration of the Russian Federation.
Volodin has reminded that under the current legislation to create a batch, it is necessary that its ranks numbered at least 500 people. Russia now has 78 registered political parties. At the same time, he said, “a small Baltic country” to create a party requires that party list include a few thousand people.
The law motivates the party
The legislation motivates the parties to participate in elections, says Volodin.
Answering the question about the possibility of the return of the electoral Deposit and the column “against all” on Federal elections, he expressed confidence that now “the law motivates the parties to participate in elections”. So, according to him, the absence at the Federal level, the column “against all” can be explained quite big competition, the fact that voters “have a choice”.
In this regard, first Deputy head of the Kremlin administration has reminded that at present no collection of signatures shall be entitled to participate 14 parties. For comparison, he said, on elections in regional legislative Assembly in September last year, the maximum number of parties – 15 – participated in the elections in the Kostroma region, the average indicator for the subjects was 5-6 parties. “There is a choice,” he said Volodin.
He also opposed the return of the electoral Deposit as a form of participation of parties in elections. “If you’re getting into a mortgage, can you imagine what we roll?”, – he asked the participants of the event.
A Kremlin spokesman called on the General view in the mechanisms of collecting signatures by parties for participation in elections “under the corner of the building of the party system”. In particular, he referred to world experience, which is in line with Russian practice – “who goes from party (in the elections) – there are preferences who passed (of parties in parliaments) at the Federal and regional levels – are preferences”.
“This is done in order to create an effective party system”, – said Volodin.
Commissioners and observers
Vyacheslav Volodin calls on commissioners for human rights “embedded in process” control over the observance of electoral rights of citizens during the beginning of the elections to the state Duma and regional governments.
He drew attention to the significant difference between the work of the Institute election observers from the Institute of commissioners.
“When an institution operates only during the voting, this limits its ability to objectively”, – said Volodin. The ombudsmen, he said, “are fighting for respect to active and passive rights of citizens, and not only record the violation”.
“It is important that you have been built into this process… the Protection of electoral rights is an integral part of the whole College of commissioners,” said the first Deputy head of the administration to the meeting
He urged commissioners, building work on elections, be guided by its priorities – “protecting constitutional rights”, the protection of the rights of citizens designated by the President in address to the Federal Assembly. “Not to react to violations you have no right,” – said Volodin.
The representative of the Kremlin emphasized that the commissioners are the election commissions and not replace their functions. “You are not the electoral Commission, you do not summarize, do not assort on the merits of the question, saying that it (the applicant) more voted or election held or not held,” he explained. “You have a citizen – you react,” – said Volodin, adding that such appeals that relate to the fact that “the rights (of citizens) were violated or ignored”.
“Therefore to say that the elections were good or bad, not your function, because you have another task – to protect the right person,” he said, urging the commissioners “not to replace other institutions” that are responsible for the evaluation of the outcome of the election campaign. “The results of the sum of the electoral Commission, and the task of the Institute for the protection of the rights of citizens to protect the rights of citizens”, – summed Volodin.
He also drew attention that the authorized human rights “not a political body”. “You have to help and in distress United Russia, and his opponent from the Communist party, and Yabloko, “Parnassus”,” – said Volodin.
For its part, the Commissioner for human rights in Russia Ella Pamfilova appealed to his colleagues during the election campaign to operate “just the facts” possible violations of human rights, “to be above political preferences, subjective factors”. “Stick to the facts, we can prove that the violated rights of citizens,” she said.
Volodin has reminded that the approaching campaign will be multi-level, in total, will be distributed 42 thousand seats. “You understand how important it is that legitimacy of the elections”, – stated first Deputy head of presidential administration of the Russian Federation.
He drew attention that the campaign for the elections to the state Duma which will pass on the mixed principle, will differ high level of competition. She, in his opinion, will be provided not only by the competition of party lists, 14 of which have the right to participate in elections without collection of signatures, but because of the competition in single-mandate constituencies. Projected Volodin, “the 14 parties that have the right, without collecting signatures to participate in elections on majority districts, can provide impressive competition”, in addition, will be also representatives of other parties and independent candidates.
He also pointed to the campaign at regional and local level. So, Volodin has reminded that in September, elections will be held at 11 city councils of the capitals of subjects of the Russian Federation.
“As always the competition is higher, it adds interest to the elections”, – stated the representative of the Kremlin administration.
Who conducts primaries
February 15 at “an United Russia” has started the nomination to participate in the primaries (the primaries) for the selection of candidates for elections to the state Duma. Till April 15, must have completed the registration process of participants. In the list of necessary documents for registration of the party primaries include: application, copy of passport, copy of certificate of education, certificate of employment, certificate of no criminal record, photographs. Within five days after delivery of the documents, the regional Committee shall render a decision on registration or refusal to register. If the potential party is denied registration, he has five days to appeal to the Federal organizing Committee.
The primaries will be held across the country on may 22. They will be secret and rating. This means that each voter can vote for one candidate, but for multiple in each list. The party leadership hopes that this will help to identify opinion leaders. Directly on the eve of the primaries, the candidates will meet with voters and other campaign events and participation in them is mandatory. For the preliminary voting was created by the Federal organizing Committee, as well as regional 85, which included the head of the regional Executive Committee of “United Russia”. About a third of their members – representatives of public associations, mass media, leaders of public opinion.
In addition, the primaries conducted by the party “Parnassus”. However, the participation for candidates is paid.
Duma elections held on 18 September under a mixed system: half of deputies (225 people) will be elected by party lists, half in single-mandate constituencies. At the same time elections will be held in 38 legislatures of subjects of the Russian Federation, elections of heads of regions and many municipal elections.