2016 will be harder, sure, 54% of employers who participated in the research project “data Bank of wages” HeadHunter. One in four (23%) of surveyed companies plan this year to reduce staff. These trends are especially characteristic of large companies with number of employees more than 5 thousand people: 63% of them are confident that the year will be difficult, 40% are going to optimize the state. In the online survey conducted in late January — February this year, took part 514 companies included in a “data Bank of wages”, 86% of them — Russian, 44% work in Moscow.
To reduce the number in the first place will be companies in the automotive business (60%), mining and mineral processing (48%) and retail trade (36%), according to a review of HeadHunter. Among the most pessimistic were companies from sectors mining, media and construction: 76, 64 and 62% of such firms, respectively, are negative about the Outlook this year.
Earlier, the Minister of labour and social protection Maxim Topilin said that now threatens the dismissal of nearly half a million of Russians. 300 thousand of them work in part-time employment — most often it is typical for companies in the automotive industry. Claimed to dismissal, according to the Minister, a little less than 200 thousand people. At risk — the representatives of the financial and banking sectors, as well as workers of state and municipal management.
“Member back office” and Moscow’s plans
Reduction first of all affect ordinary administrative staff. This was reported by 85% of those study participants HeadHunter that you plan to optimize the state.
“There are employees who are not directly tied to the arrival of money into the company,” explains partner headhunting Cornerstone Olga Voroshilova. “Earlier in the investment companies in the division could have two assistants of the team, while optimizing the costs of one person is removed, increasing the load of the second,” she says.
“Among the companies, which will reduce the number of employees, every fourth — Moscow”, — stated in the review “data Bank of wages”. At the same time, the authors of the previously published monitoring HeadHunter for February 2016 noted that the performance indicators of the labor market better than a year earlier: the demand for employees for the year increased by 14%, albeit from a low base; at the beginning of 2016, some companies began to type again the previously reduced staff; “for the first time in five months the dynamics of the fall in demand has slowed down”.
Data in Moscow there is no contradiction, explains Natalia Rights, head of the project “data Bank of wages” HeadHunter. For example, there may be a reduction in non-core departments in the amplification of the units generate more income is to the total number of employees is not affected. The company can monitor the results of employees ‘ KPI (key performance indicators) and to replace “inefficient” workers. Finally, we can talk about hiring for specific positions less expensive employees. “Overall, it’s a myth: there is no such that you have a great expensive specialist, and you will hire a cheap, and it will show the same results. But in some roles it is triggered, for example, with the administrative staff,” says Rights are.
Salary and benefits packages
Reduction is just one of the ways to reduce costs. “Employees will not refer to the reduction, it is still in varying degrees, will affect the decrease in total revenue. Somewhere will not occur annual indexation, will reduce the variable part of the income, work schedule, benefits package,” says Olga Voroshilova.
13% of companies surveyed intend to cut back on benefits packages, among large companies 19%. Mostly this will come as banks and financial institutions — this was reported by 36% of them. Those who intend to use this method of saving in the first place to cut spending on corporate events (this was reported by 89%), external training (59%), bonuses for their families (45%). Less often will save on internal training and payment power.
Often the benefits package ready to sacrifice Russian companies: among them, this was reported by 14%, among non-Russian origin is only 2%. Foreign companies rarely can afford to cut back on health insurance, cites the example of Voroshilov: there are standards that the company provides to employees worldwide — and “the Russian players in this issue more flexible.”
Extreme measure — the reduction of wages, according to a survey. It is ready to go only 4% of respondents, among large companies — 15%. Most of this is mentioned by the media such 25%. Much less frequently — but more frequently than the market in General — salary will be reduced in the field of mining and mineral processing (12%) and construction (11%). “Management and production — two main categories in which employers plan to reduce the wage Fund”, — stated in the review of HeadHunter.
“We estimate that if somewhere will be the reduction of wages, it is 3-5%, nothing more”, — says the managing partner of the headhunting company “Agency Contact”. There are positions where salaries are rising because companies tend to retain employees, the expert explains.
“We believed that the main wave of cuts, beginning in late 2014, completed in 2015. However, now more and more companies are looking at plan B and C: the crisis of 2008 taught to compose several alternative action plans for the HR Department in different situations,” — says Olga Voroshilova. However, it does not quite agree with data on retail sector: according to her, the Russian network that has the airbag, not only does not decrease, and make plans for the development and capture a larger share of the market.
Agree with her Tarnopolsky Marina: such companies as X5 Retail Group (brands “Pyaterochka”, “Perekrestok” and “Karusel”), “Magnet” with all its lines of business, Leroy Merlin, OBI, Auchan continues to develop, she says.
In the auto business has already reduced all whom it was possible to reduce, sure Tarnopolsky. The same applies to benefits packages: dynamics by further cuts in the “Agency Contact” do not expect. “If the company is stable and she has plans for the development, I advise everyone not to leave this company and try to build there career, even if you have cut benefits, or taken any bonuses, says Tarnopolsky. — The opportunity to grow over time will pay off”.