A new initiative of the Ministry of labour, aimed at the increase of insurance contributions for sole traders, caused the dissatisfaction of small business. Respondents, even those in which the initiative of the Ministry of labor not to strike should consider that the problem of the budget deficit that still won’t solve but many PIS will either stop working, or go into the shadow.
“This is just another way to collect money from small businesses — of course, no one will like it”, — said the Deputy Director of the company Shalnoff (trade in fish), entrepreneur Dmitry Shalnov from Nizhny Novgorod. “Where will the contributions by the MLA? On medicine? I don’t believe in it. Does not make sense to pay more from the road does not become better, medicine is not improved,” — said the businessman.
“It is not clear that these contributions will go. Apparently, the government is trying to close the gap in the budget through such methods,” says the founder of the Moscow company Consult Group (management and consultation) Julius Athanasoglou. But the budget deficit is unlikely to succeed to patch at the expense of small business, because “after such decisions of the government, he might just disappear,” — said the founder of a chain of pastry Bakery by Men (Moscow, Russia) Grigory Kochetkov.
What does the Ministry of labor
The Ministry of labor proposes to revert to fixed IP contributions to the Pension Fund (that system was in place until 2014) and increase them annually until 2021 through progressive multiplying factor (1.2 to in 2017, 1.4 — 2018 and so on).
Now the contributions to the pension Fund vary depending on annual income IE (more or less 300 thousand roubles): those who earn more than 300 thousand rubles. pay an additional 1% of the excess amount.
According to the draft law the Ministry of labor, in 2017, the fixed payment to the pension Fund will be about 24,7 thousand rbl. (proceeding from the minimum wage indexing, which is included in the formula for calculating the contribution to forecast inflation this year), in 2018 — not less than 29 thousand rubles. the Ministry explains the need for fixed contributions to the pension Fund so that the collection of “the 1%” low, entrepreneurs, receiving more than 300 thousand rubles, “did not perform its obligation to pay second part of payment”.
Calculations show that the scheme of the Ministry of labour, if implemented, will hit next year by the entrepreneurs getting less than 700-800 thousand rubles of annual income. Those who earn more than this level will actually give less to the pension Fund than under the current system.
In addition, the Ministry of labor proposes to bring the SP contributions for compulsory health insurance to the level of contributions paid areas in the MHI non-working population. This means that the contributions of individual entrepreneurs in FFOMS will increase at least to 6 thousand roubles (now about 4 million), and in some regions will exceed 10 thousand rubles With the growth of the compulsory health insurance is an income limit, which in 2017 will separate the losers and winners of the entrepreneurs, up to about 1 million rubles.
Julius Athanasoglou notes that for his business the proposed increase in insurance premiums is “not too high”. “My annual revenue exceeds the threshold of 300 thousand rubles, so I am paying the difference, so for my size it’s not so much,” he says. But the entrepreneur operates without paid employees, “and for those who have a lot of employees and who works on the verge of profitability, this is a significant increase, and many will either cease to operate or will operate “serow,” said Athanasoglou.
First Vice-President of “OPORA Russia” Vladislav Korochkin believes that any increases (obligatory payments for small business) should not be. “This money should be left at the disposal of enterprises and citizens, and not taken as funds, this is highly irregular,” he says. In his opinion, will hurt the small businesses that have just started their business. Entrepreneurs feel not very well, “ponder whether to continue the business and to stay in Russia”, and then proposes a new load, he complains.
“Most small business develops on loans, and rising interest rates, which now average a extortionate 25% per annum, and so crippled many of us — confirms Grigory Kochetkov (Bakery by Men, Moscow). If I was to choose a launch your business now, definitely would have refused this idea”.
The Pension Fund deficit is increasing annually, and it is clear that the Ministry of labor tries to look for additional money. But it seems that the FIU have not learned from the events of 2013 (then after doubling the insurance premium for about 500 thousand entrepreneurs withdrew from the account), says Paul Orlovsky, expert service for entrepreneurs “Circuit.Elba” company “SKB Kontur”. “Calculations are still conducted by a direct multiplication (the amount of FE at an average rate of return), and the outflow of taxpayers because of the increased load shall not be laid,” he says.
The proposed changes will strike first of all on IP, operating in the mode UTII (unified tax on imputed income). “Now they are, in fact, pay the minimum, 1% [income exceeding 300 thousand.] almost no one goes. So, their payments will increase by 30-130% depending on the region,” says Orlovsky. “Umenishiki” are small traders, craftsmen, truckers, their ranks will significantly reduce. “For them the issue of pay is often a matter of survival: go into the shade — and that’s the end,” predicts the expert.
with the participation of Stikine Alice and Valeria Iacovou