The majority of inspections of businesses — 66 percent — in 2015 wore an unscheduled nature, follows from the data provided by the state office of public Prosecutor. The Ministry of economic development, the figure was lower — 59%, but according to statistics, and of those, the share of unscheduled inspections, which the business sees as an instrument of pressure, consistently grows. And this year, unscheduled inspections and does grow “exponentially”, said in late January, the head of “OPORA Russia” (represents interests of small business), Alexander Kalinin.
2016 operates a three-year moratorium on planned inspections of small businesses — it was the idea of President Vladimir Putin, who proposed “regulatory holiday” in the message to the Federal Assembly in December 2014. But the extension tool unscheduled inspections raises the value of the moratorium into question. The last two years testing business smoothly flow in from planned unplanned, says first Vice-President of “OPORA Russia” Vladislav Korochkin. “Where we abbreviate them according to the plans, they immediately grow out of the plan,” spoke last month about the inspections Deputy Minister of economic development Oleg Fomichev.
In 2015, regulatory authorities have conducted a total of 1,994 million checks — 8% less than in 2014 (when the business checked 2,17 million times). The number of unscheduled checks has declined by about 100 thousand (up to 1,32 million), but their share grew from 65% to 66%, reported in response to the request, the official representative of the Prosecutor General Aleksandr Kurennoy. Statistics of the Ministry of economic development confirms the increase in the share of unscheduled inspections: if in 2013 unscheduled accounted for 49% of all inspections, in 2014 the proportion had jumped to 56%, and last year reached 59%. In 2015 824 thousand of scheduled inspections had 1 million 180 thousand unplanned events (excluding inspections at the municipal level, the data on which the Ministry of economic development yet), said the representative of Department Elena laskina.
Oleg Fomichev reported in February that the Ministry of economic development included in the crisis management plan the reduction in the number of unscheduled inspections of small and medium business by 30% in 2017, but in the final version of the plan approved by the government on 1 March, this item was not.
Leaders in the number of inspections carried out in 2015 remained, as before, the CPS and the MOE, which accounted for almost 33% of all checks, according to the reply of the Prosecutor General. According to the Minister, the MOE spent about 395 thousand checks, and the CPS — 266 thousand Rospotrebnadzor and the Ministry of emergency situations more often than other agencies address the Prosecutor’s office and coordinated dawn raids, to the reply of the Prosecutor General.
These agencies have always been at the head of the list because they had the most control, says Vladislav Korochkin of OPORA. MOE checks almost every object, every building, basically we are talking about fire safety, but sometimes the monitoring of hazardous production objects, he explains. The CPS is responsible for all kinds of consumption: non-food consumption, food stands, schools, hospitals, protection of the rights of consumers and sanitary conditions of workplaces and premises, and enumerates Korochkin.
However, since 2010 the total number of inspections of Rospotrebnadzor has decreased in 1,5 times, including unscheduled — 1.4 times, says the representative office. The ratio of scheduled and unscheduled inspections remains at the same level: 60% to 40% with a bias towards unplanned. A source close to the CPS said that a large number of unscheduled inspections for 2015 is due with the orders of the government of the Turkish food and the sale of tours to Turkey in 2014 on “antisanti”. The representative of the Ministry has not responded to the request .