The ruling party in Germany the Christian democratic Union headed by Chancellor Angela Merkel, has lost in two of the three Federal States where in Sunday have passed elections in regional parliaments. The only region that has left supporters of Merkel — Saxony-Anhalt, but there was support for the CDU has dropped compared to the elections in 2011, from 33 to 30%. In the Rhineland-Palatinate CDU lost to the social Democrats in Baden-württemberg, Merkel’s party failed in the election, receiving 27% vs. 39% five years earlier. The victory there won by the Green party, whose representative Winfried, kretzmann for five years headed the state government.
The third player
The main news of these elections is not even the modest results of the ruling party, and a breakthrough in regional parliaments of the newly formed eurosceptic party “Alternative for Germany” (AfD). Depressive in Saxony-Anhalt, five years gave second place to former Communists from the party “Left”, AfD immediately got a quarter of the vote and finished second. In Western länder the support of the AfD was about 15%.
“In Germany there are fundamental problems that led to this result. Now we want to attract other parties to the conversation on the merits”, — said the leader of the AfD Frauke Petri based on the voting. The scientist-chemist from East Germany Dresden, she led the party in the summer of 2015, abruptly changing the main object of criticism — with the economic problems of the Eurozone its supporters switched to the migration crisis. Chancellor Merkel basically did not close the border in the way of the flow of refugees that swept last year the European continent. In 2015 he moved to Germany more than a million refugees from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. This almost caused a split in the ruling party and hyped the popularity of the anti-immigrant AfD.
“No COP will not shoot the refugee. And I’m not going to do that. But as a last resort is the use of weapons is permissible” — said in one January interview with Petri, which in the world press compared to a likely contender for the U.S. presidency by Donald trump calling for a ban entry of Muslims in America and to build a wall on the border with Mexico.
In the opinion of the Hamburg Berenberg Bank economist Holger of Smedinga, AfD is a new incarnation of the “party of protest”, in 2000-ies belonged to the Pirate party of Germany and the movement “Left-wing”. “Unlike its predecessors, the AfD is more substantial and solid, and has a greater chance to gain a foothold in the political field,” — said the expert. For Germany, for decades, was suffering from the trauma of Nazism, joining the parliaments of the far right case is unique and is a violation of taboos. Due to the migration crisis “we see that right-wing populism as a phenomenon is becoming normal in Germany, as elsewhere in Europe, though here the taking into account of the German past and it takes on a special form”, AFP quoted a Professor of modern history at the University of Mainz Andreas Redder.
Before the parliamentary elections in autumn 2017 regional elections should be held in five Federal länder. While in the country, according to the February polls, the popularity of the AfD is around 10-11%. The popularity of the ruling party began to fall all over Germany: in the past six months the national rankings the HDZ has been reduced from 40-42% to 35-37%, according to surveys of the ARD-DeutschlandTrend. “The migration crisis is the most serious threat faced by the United States for the period of his work at the head of the government. Deterioration of the results of the HDZ will lead to unflattering headlines, and even speculation that the Chancellor weakened”, — quotes Bloomberg Smedinga.
Merkel stands on its
On Monday at a press conference on the election results, Merkel has refused to change immigration policy of his Cabinet. Instead of closing borders, Berlin is now demanding from the European Union partners to develop a common action plan for the normalization of migration. Thanks to the efforts of the Federal Chancellor to the European Union and Turkey have managed to agree on the terms of placement in the Turkish territory of new refugees and acceptance by Ankara of those persons that will not receive legal status in the EU. “The government will continue with its migration policy by all means, both at home and abroad, the Chancellor said. — Without a doubt, we’ve come a long way to solving the problem of refugees, but we still do not have effective solutions. I’m absolutely convinced that we need a European solution, and such a decision takes time.”
Although in December, Merkel was able to avert the threat of a vote of no confidence by party members, now received new arguments — among the losers in Sunday’s parliamentary elections was all the regional elite of the CDU, criticized the course of the Chancellor. Two West German länder the party list was headed by Guido wolf (Baden-württemberg) and Julia Klockner (Rhineland-Palatinate) previous month issued a joint proposal to introduce in Germany a daily quota for refugees and the border centers, which would define the status of a migrant, refugee or illegal immigrant. The KP, which is Merkel’s Deputy in the party, campaigned for the compulsory integration of all asylum seekers in Germany, the introduction of courses on naturalization and learning the German language. Her rival wolf kretzmann from the Green party, which had supported Merkel in her requirement to the countries-members of EU to share the burden of responsibility for refugees, by contrast, has only strengthened its position. The head of the CDU in Saxony-Anhalt Rainer Haseloff in early February, called Merkel’s immigration policy is “loss of control”. After the elections Haseloff with difficulty retained the leadership of his party in the region, but his work as the head of the land government remains in question. He headed a coalition of CDU with the SPD used to take 64% of seats in the regional Parliament, now two parties claim in the amount of 47% of the seats.